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Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications
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Papers 173
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To understand the mystery of final unification, in our earlier publications, we proposed two bold concepts: 1) There exist three atomic gravitational constants associated with electroweak, strong and electromagnetic interactions. 2) There exists a strong elementary charge in such a way that its squared ratio with normal elementary charge is close to reciprocal of the strong coupling constant. In this paper we propose that, ℏc can be considered as a compound physical constant associated with prot...
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#1María Guadalupe Torres-Duque (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)
#2Claudia Camargo-Raya (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 3
Last. Sergio Ramos-Bernal (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 8
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A combination of geochemical variables is necessary to explain the origin of life on Earth. Thus, in this work the sorption of Poly-A on a clay mineral (kaolinite) was studied to get an insight about the sorption capacity at different times and pH values, as well as to confirm the capabilities of the clay to protect the sorbate from an external source of ionizing radiation. Poly-A presented a high percentage of sorption in the clay, especially in acidic environments, and this percentage sharply ...
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#1Laura Patricia Cruz-Cruz (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Last. Alejandro Heredia-Barbero (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 2
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The stability of biologically important molecules, such as amino acids, being subjected to highradiation fields is relevant for chemical evolution studies. Bodies of water were very important in the primitive Earth. In these bodies, the presence of dissolved salts, together with organic molecules, could influence the behavior of the systems in prebiotic environments.The objective of this work is to examine the influence of sodium chloride on the stability of the amino acid glycine when subjected...
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#1M. Caldera-Villalobos (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Last. María del Pilar Carreón-Castro (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 9
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Graft polymerization induced by ionizing radiation is a powerful tool in materials science to modifying the physical properties of polymers. Chitosan is a biocompatible, biodegradable, antibacterial, and highly hydrophilic polysaccharide. In this work, we report the obtaining of amphiphilic polymers through graft polymerization of acrylic monomers (methyl acrylate, t-butyl acrylate, and hexyl acrylate) onto chitosan. The polymerization reaction was carried out by simultaneous irradiation of mono...
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#1T. A. Valencia-Pérez (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
#2Javier Miguel Hernández-López (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)H-Index: 1
Last. B. de Celis-Alonso (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
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In medicine, the acquisition process in Computed Tomography Images (CT) is obtained by a reconstruction algorithm. The classical method for image reconstruction is the Filtered Back Projection (FBP). This method is fast and simple but does not use any statistical information about the measurements. The appearance of artifacts and its low spatial resolution in reconstructed images must be considered. Furthermore, the FBP requires of optimal conditions of the projections and complete sets of data....
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To assess the quality of drinking water in respect to the content of radioactivity, usually is carried out an screening program in the locations of interest, that program consist in pick representative samples of drinking water from the wells in that locations, water samples are analyzed to measuring the gross alpha/beta radioactivity by a low background proportional counter or a liquid scintillation system. When some sample exceeds the normative limit then it must be known which radionuclides a...
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#1A. L. Meléndez-López (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 1
#2M. F. García-Hurtado (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Last. Alejandro Heredia (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 12
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This work aims to evaluate a dosimetric system composed of green malachite supported in agarose. Previous work showed that solutions of green malachite irradiated at 1 to 40 kGy present a linear behavior. This system is a gel composed of green malachite (2.5×10–3 M), sodium benzoate (1%),and agarose (1%) that was exposed tovarious doses of gamma irradiation. The irradiated systems were measured with a UV-V is spectrophotometer at 619 nm. Experimental parameters (such as dose rate, doses, and tem...
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#1E. Márquez-Quintos (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
#2E. Moreno-BarbosaH-Index: 1
Last. R. Palomino Merino (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)H-Index: 6
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There are several types of gamma radiation detectors, which have different characteristics depending on its use. We designed and instrumented a gamma detector for low energies of a small and portable size to obtain spectrum from radioactive sources and from that analyze each spectrum. This instrument basically consists of a scintillator crystal coupled to a SiPM this in turn coupled to a PCB card designed with capacitors and resistors for a better signal, a voltage source of 29 volts. For signal...
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#1K. De Los Rios (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 1
#2C. Méndez-García (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 1
Last. M. E. Ortiz (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)
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The meteoric cosmogenic beryllium has been used as an essential geophysical tracer in the analysis of atmospheric flows and erosion soils since 1960. The first measurements Be-7 and Be-10 concentrations in rainwater from Mexico, have been carried out by using gamma decay spectroscopy and AMS techniques, respectively for each isotope. With this it was possible to report a preliminar value for the Be-10/Be-7 isotopic ratio in such environmental samples. The present work described preliminary resul...
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Rotavirus diarrhea is an infectious intestinal disease that causes about 215 thousand deaths annually in infants under five years old. This virus is formed by three layers of concentric proteins that envelop its genome, from which VP6 structural protein is the most conserved among rotavirus serotypes and an excellent vaccine candidate. Recent studies have shown that structural proteins are susceptible to losing their biological function when their conformation is modified by moderate temperature...
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