Match!
Evolutionary Psychological Science
Papers
206
Papers 221
1 page of 23 pages (221 results)
Newest
This research analyzed the association between relational quality, the use of evolutionary meta-emotions (sadness, surprise, anger, and jealousy), imagined interaction (II) discrepancy, and measures of cardiovascular arousal as measured through heart rate and blood pressure. A meta-emotion interview was conducted with husbands and wives about their philosophies of communicating emotions. A series of hypotheses were tested. Wives would reveal that they communicated a wider variety of evolutionary...
#1Kristopher J. Brazil (Brock University)
#2Adelle E. Forth (Carleton University)H-Index: 27
The problems psychopathic individuals impose on society and in their interpersonal relationships can be held in stark contrast to reports of their appeal and sexual success in some of those relationships. In the current paper, we seek to contextualize this enigma by focusing on the interpersonal dynamics of psychopathic individuals in romantic encounters. We first formulate a plausible evolutionary function, the sexual exploitation hypothesis, that proposes psychopathy exhibits “special design” ...
#1Kyle E. Conlon (SFA: Stephen F. Austin State University)H-Index: 2
What mate retention strategies do dominance-oriented and prestige-oriented romantic partners use to keep their relationships intact? In the current study, 329 participants in committed romantic relationships completed measures of their dominance orientation, prestige orientation, and mate retention behavior. It was predicted that dominance-oriented partners would engage in tactics designed to force or coerce relationship commitment, whereas prestige-oriented partners (primarily men) would engage...
#1Gurit E. Birnbaum (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya)H-Index: 19
#2Kobi Zholtack (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya)
Last.Tsachi Ein-Dor (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya)H-Index: 21
view all 4 authors...
Hormonal contraceptives change women’s natural mate preferences, leading them to prefer nurturing but less genetically compatible men. Cessation of contraceptives reverses these preferences, decreasing women’s attraction to current partners. Two studies examined whether women who had used contraceptive pills at relationship formation and stopped doing so were more vulnerable to desire attractive alternatives, primarily around ovulation, as compared to women who had not used pills at relationship...
#1Thomas V. Pollet (Northumbria University)H-Index: 2
#2Tamsin K. Saxton (Northumbria University)H-Index: 15
Psychologists regularly draw inferences about populations based on data from small samples of people, and so have long been interested in how well those samples generalise to wider populations. There is a consensus that psychology probably relies too much on samples from Western, Educated, Industrialised, Rich and Democratic (WEIRD) societies and among those from university students. Online surveys might be used to increase sample diversity, although online sampling still reaches only a restrict...
#1Carin Perilloux (SU: Southwestern University)H-Index: 12
#2Jaime M. Cloud (Western Oregon University)H-Index: 4
Unlike women, or men considering long-term mates, men pursuing short-term mating have shown a tendency to prioritize bodily information over facial information when assessing potential mates. Prior studies have documented this tendency across a variety of methods ranging from photograph ratings to forcing a choice between faces and bodies, but have yet to ask participants to prioritize individual traits in faces and bodies. The current study used a budget allocation method to do just that. We ra...
In order to assess the potential of psychopathy to increase evolutionary fitness, we examined the relations between psychopathy and fitness indicators (number of children and grandchildren, problems in physical health both in parents and offspring) in a sample of post-reproductive individuals (N = 187; Mage = 66.52). Specifically, we explored the possibility that psychopathy traits are involved in evolutionary trade-offs: both positive and negative relations with different fitness components. Ps...
#1Allison M. Wilck (SUNY: State University of New York System)
#2Jeanette Altarriba (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 25
Robust support has been found for a survival processing effect on memory when information is encoded for its fitness relevance (Nairne et al. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:263–273, 2007). However, support for this effect has been limited to forms of memory that require intentional, explicit retrieval processes. Thus far, the literature has failed to identify the effect in implicit, automatic memory using conceptual and perceptual production tasks (McBride et al. Mem Cogn 41:862–871, 2013; Tse ...
#1Patrick Bonin (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 24
#2Gaëtan Thiebaut (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
Last.Alain Méot (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Five studies were designed to provide further evidence of contamination effects in memory. In study 1, participants were told to imagine that either (1) they had been infected in the grasslands of a foreign land (ancestral contamination); (2) they had been infected during a trip in a foreign country (modern contamination); or (3) as tour guide, they had to organize a trip (control condition). Words processed within a contamination scenario (ancestral or modern) were remembered better than words ...
#1Ray Garza (OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater)
#2Jennifer Byrd-Craven (OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater)H-Index: 13
Physical characteristics, such as a V-shaped torso and body hair, are visually salient information that reflect a potential mate’s immunocompetence, status, and reproductive potential (Dixson et al. 2014; Singh 1994), and are thus often desired by women. Recently, the use of eye tracking in attraction research has demonstrated that visual patterns are behavioral indices of interest in a potential mate. Two studies investigated women’s visual perception of men’s attractiveness across different ph...
12345678910