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Reviews on environmental health
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Though rated among the largest economies in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria is currently grappling with enormous socio-economic challenges such as high poverty rate, power and water supply shortages, large-scale unemployment ratio, economic recession and underperforming agricultural sector. Judging by the scale of urgent political and economic importance, urban sanitation definitely ranks low among the government's priorities. No wonder political slogans and manifestos of political parties feature p...
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#1William A. Suk (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 29
#2Michelle Heacock (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 7
Last. Lesley A. Skalla (Durham University)H-Index: 1
view all 9 authors...
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Hazardous Substances Basic Research and Training Program [Superfund Research Program (SRP)] funds transdisciplinary research projects spanning the biomedical and environmental sciences to address issues related to potentially hazardous substances. We used a case study approach to identify how SRP-funded basic biomedical research has had an impact on society. We examined how transdisciplinary rese...
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#1Huibin Guo (Xiamen University of Technology)
#2Lei Jin (Xiamen University of Technology)
Last. Sijing Huang (Ha Tai: Xiamen University)
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The health risks brought by particles cannot be present via a sole parameter. Instead, the particulate matter oxidative potential (PM OP), which expresses combined redox properties of particles, is used as an integrated metric to assess associated hazards and particle-induced health effects. OP definition provides the capacity of PM toward target oxidation. The latest technologies of a cellular OP measurement has been growing in relevant studies. In this review, OP measurement techniques are foc...
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#1Abraham Amenay Zewde (USTB: University of Science and Technology Beijing)H-Index: 3
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Due to world population growth, global climate change and the deteriorated quality of water, water supply struggles to keep up the clean water demand to meet human needs. Ultraviolet (UV) technology holds a great potential in advancing water and wastewater treatment to improve the efficiency of safe treatment. Over the last 20 years, the UV light disinfection industry has shown a tremendous growth. Therefore, reuse of wastewater contributes significantly to an efficient and sustainable water usa...
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Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a synthetic chemical used in the manufacturing of polycarbonates and epoxy resins. This paper is a review of studies reporting the occurrences and concentrations of BPA in the environment and associated impact on human health. Studies have found that at high temperature conditions such as open burning of dumped waste in developing nations can relocate BPA from plastic waste into the environment. BPA is a proven endocrine disruptor capable of mimicking or blocking the recepto...
5 CitationsSource
#1Giuseppa Visalli (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 14
#2Alessio FacciolàH-Index: 7
Last. Angela Di Pietro (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 13
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Ambient air pollution is known to be an important causative agent of many non-communicable diseases, mainly due to fine particulate matter (PM2.5). According to Global Burden Disease study in 2015, the estimated premature deaths caused by PM2.5 were 4.2 million. Besides deaths, airborne pollution's effect on human health also has dramatic economic and social costs, contributing greatly to disability-adjusted life-year (DALY). To reduce the health impact is necessary a double approach, which incl...
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#1Seyed M. Karimi (University of Louisville)
#2Ali Maziyaki (Allameh Tabataba'i University)
Last. Hamid M. Pouran (University of Wolverhampton)H-Index: 6
view all 7 authors...
Studies that assess the connection between the prevalence of chronic diseases and continuous exposure to air pollution are scarce in developing countries, mainly due to data limitations. Largely overcoming data limitations, this study aimed to investigate the association between the likelihood of reporting a set of chronic diseases (diabetes, cancer, stroke and myocardial infarction, asthma, and hypertension) and continuous exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), an...
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#1Kristina M. Zierold (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 11
#2Chisom Odoh (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 3
Throughout the world, coal is responsible for generating approximately 38% of power. Coal ash, a waste product, generated from the combustion of coal, consists of fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization material. Fly ash, which is the main component of coal ash, is composed of spherical particulate matter with diameters that range from 0.1 mum to >100 mum. Fly ash is predominately composed of silica, aluminum, iron, calcium, and oxygen, but the particles may also contain h...
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#1Abolhassan Mohammadi Fathabad (UA: University of Arizona)
#2Christopher B. Yazzie (UA: University of Arizona)
Last. Robert G. Arnold (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 36
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The work described is motivated by an inability to extend central infrastructure for power and water to low-population-density areas of the Navajo Nation and elsewhere. It is estimated that 35% of the Navajo population haul water for household use, frequently from unregulated sources of poor initial quality. The proposed household-scale, solar-driven nanofiltration (NF) system designs are economically optimized to satisfy point-of-use water purification objectives. The systems also provide elect...
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#1Serena Bianchi (University of L'Aquila)H-Index: 10
#2Sara Bernardi (University of L'Aquila)H-Index: 8
Last. Guido Macchiarelli (University of L'Aquila)H-Index: 27
view all 5 authors...
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) constitute a relevant part of environmental pollution. POPs are chemical compounds that persist for a long time in the environment, bio-accumulate in the human body and determine significant adverse consequences to human health. The characteristics of these substances are lipo-affinity, semi-volatility and resistance to the degradation processes. Results deriving from several different studies attest that exposure to the main classes of POPs results in multip...
1 CitationsSource
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