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#1Hadjer Dellal (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
Last. Philippe PourquierH-Index: 30
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Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men. Its growth mainly relies on the activity of the androgen receptor (AR), justifying the use of androgen deprivation therapy as a gold standard treatment for the metastatic disease. Inhibition of the androgen axis using second generation antagonists has improved patients’ survival, but is systematically confronted to resistance mechanisms, leading to a median survival that does not exceed 5 years. Counteracting this resistance has b...
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#1Katie HealyH-Index: 2
#2Anna PasettoH-Index: 12
Last. Margaret ChenH-Index: 21
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Chronic infection with viral hepatitis is a major risk factor for liver injury and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). One major contributing factor to the chronicity is the dysfunction of virus-specific T cell immunity. T cells engineered to express virus-specific T cell receptors (TCRs) may be a therapeutic option to improve host antiviral responses and have demonstrated clinical success against virus-associated tumours. This review aims to give an overview of TCRs identified from viral hepatitis ...
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#1Anna HövingH-Index: 1
Last. Christian KaltschmidtH-Index: 44
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During aging, senescent cells accumulate in various tissues accompanied by decreased regenerative capacities of quiescent stem cells, resulting in deteriorated organ function and overall degeneration. In this regard, the adult human heart with a generally low regenerative potential is of extreme interest as a target for rejuvenating strategies with blood borne factors that might be able to activate endogenous stem cell populations. Here, we investigated for the first time the effects of human bl...
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#1Hsiao-Chuan Liu (Mayo Clinic)
#1Hsiao-Chuan LiuH-Index: 2
Last. Yong-Mi KimH-Index: 15
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Drug resistance is an obstacle in the therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Whether the physical properties such as the motility of the cells contribute to the survival of ALL cells after drug treatment has recently been of increasing interest, as they could potentially allow the metastasis of solid tumor cells and the migration of leukemia cells. We hypothesized that chemotherapeutic treatment may alter these physical cellular properties. To investigate the motility of chemotherapeutic...
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#1Tal FlieswasserH-Index: 1
Last. Julie JacobsH-Index: 7
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The concept of immunogenic cell death (ICD) has emerged as a cornerstone of therapy-induced anti-tumor immunity. To this end, the following chemotherapies were evaluated for their ability to induce ICD in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines: docetaxel, carboplatin, cisplatin, oxaliplatin and mafosfamide. The ICD hallmarks ATP, ecto-calreticulin, HMGB1, phagocytosis and maturation status of dendritic cells (DCs) were assessed in vitro. Furthermore, an in vivo vaccination assay on C57BL/...
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#2Gereon PoschmannH-Index: 16
Last. Dieter WillboldH-Index: 38
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The autophagy-related ATG8 protein GABARAP has not only been shown to be involved in the cellular self-degradation process called autophagy but also fulfils functions in intracellular trafficking processes such as receptor transport to the plasma membrane. Notably, available mass spectrometry data suggest that GABARAP is also secreted into extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here, we confirm this finding by the immunoblotting of EVs isolated from cell culture supernatants and human blood serum using s...
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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are genome transcripts that are produced from back-splicing of specific regions of pre-mRNA. These single-stranded RNA molecules are widely expressed across diverse phyla and many of them are stable and evolutionary conserved between species. Growing evidence suggests that many circRNAs function as master regulators of gene expression by influencing both transcription and translation processes. Mechanistically, circRNAs are predicted to act as endogenous microRNA (miRNA)...
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#1Joon Hee KangH-Index: 6
#2Seon-Hyeong LeeH-Index: 6
Last. Soo-Youl KimH-Index: 23
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More than 50% of human cancers harbor TP53 mutations and increased expression of Mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2), which contribute to cancer progression and drug resistance. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has an unusually high incidence of wild-type p53, with a mutation rate of less than 4%. MDM2 is master regulator of apoptosis in cancer cells, which is triggered through proteasomal degradation of wild-type p53. Recently, we found that p53 protein levels in RCC are regulated by autophagic degr...
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#1Arutha KulasingheH-Index: 10
#2Yenkai LimH-Index: 6
Last. Chamindie PunyadeeraH-Index: 24
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Tumor tissue biopsy is often limited for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and alternative sources of tumoral information are desirable to determine molecular alterations such as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are an appealing component of liquid biopsies, which can be sampled serially over the course of treatment. In this study, we enrolled a cohort of ALK-positive (n = 8) and ALK-negative (n = 12) NSCLC patients, enriched for CTCs usin...
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#1Do-Wan Kim (Daegu Haany University)
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Curcumin, a hydrophobic polyphenol derived from turmeric, has been used a food additive and as a herbal medicine for the treatment of various diseases, but the clinical application of curcumin is restricted by its poor aqueous solubility and its low permeability and bioavailability levels. In the present study, we investigate the functional role of a nanosphere loaded with curcumin (CN) in the promotion of the motility of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during the skin wound healing process....
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