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Preventive medicine reports
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#1Julia Lechuga (UTEP: University of Texas at El Paso)H-Index: 10
#2Carla Prieto (Lehigh University)
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Abstract U.S. Latinas are the second most affected ethnic group by cervical cancer morbidity and mortality. Cervical cancer is caused by high risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) strains and HPV vaccines are an effective form of primary prevention. Parents are the primary decision makers of vaccination uptake as vaccination is recommended for children between the ages of 11–12. The purpose of our study is to investigate the influence of sociocultural factors particularly salient to U.S. Latinos and t...
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#1Alexander Leonhard Braun (University of Bern)H-Index: 1
Last. Marcel ZwahlenH-Index: 67
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Abstract Both colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) are commonly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but colonoscopy costs much more than FOBT. Swiss insurance offers high or low deductibles and choice of basic or private insurance. We hypothesized that high deductibles and basic insurance discourage colonoscopy, but do not change FOBT rates. We determined the proportion of patients tested for CRC in Switzerland (colonoscopy within 10 years, FOBT within 2 years), and determined ...
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#1Emma HaycraftH-Index: 22
#2Lauren B. SherarH-Index: 21
Last. Natalie PearsonH-Index: 28
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Abstract Sedentary screen-time is an increasingly prevalent behaviour, associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. Sedentary time and screen-use increase during adolescence, making this age group a prime target for behaviour change interventions. Better understanding the context in which sedentary screen-behaviours occur is important for ensuring future interventions have maximum impact. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of adolescents’ sedentary screen-time in the after-school...
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#1Tegan Bradley (University of Newcastle)
#2Kate Bartlem (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 9
Last. Jenny Bowman (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 24
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Abstract The NSW Get Healthy Service® (GHS) is a free telephone-based coaching service in NSW, Australia, which supports behaviour change around healthy eating and physical activity. The aims of this study were to 1) assess the proportion of coaching participants within GHS who report having had a mental health condition, and 2) describe and compare the health risk profiles and confidence for behaviour change of coaching participants with and without a mental health condition. Secondary data ana...
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#1Soramon Chaichan (KKU: Khon Kaen University)
#2Thatchanon Asawalertsaeng (KKU: Khon Kaen University)
Last. Vichai Senthong (KKU: Khon Kaen University)H-Index: 8
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Abstract Motorcycles are the most common type of vehicle involved in traffic deaths in developing countries. Although helmets can provide protection against injury, there is limited evidence available regarding which type of helmet best protects against head and neck injuries in this setting. This review was conducted based on articles in the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. We compared full-face helmets with other types of helmet with regard to head and neck injury prevention in ro...
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Abstract This study examined weight loss during an extensive 1-year lifestyle programme in primary care in Finland in overweight subjects (n=134, age 18-69 years; BMI >30, or BMI >25 with a comorbidity that would benefit from weight loss) between 2009 and 2013 in a single arm design. The programme included four medical doctor visits, five sessions by a dietitian (advice on diet and on-location shopping behaviour), cooking classes, exercise supervised by personal trainer, and group discussions. A...
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Abstract School food and physical activity (PA) environments can influence children’s dietary and physical activity behaviors. However, evidence on whether school environment is associated with students’ weight status is less definitive. In this study, we examined the association between students’ body mass index (BMI) and measures of school food and PA environments. We calculated BMI from nurse-measured data collected on 19,188 6-19-year-old students from 90 public schools in four low-income ci...
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#1Carol ShiehH-Index: 11
Last. Rachel A. UmorenH-Index: 8
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