Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Papers 231
1 page of 24 pages (231 results)
#1Benjamin C. Trumble (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 17
#2India Schneider-Crease (ASU: Arizona State University)
#1Ralph Catalano (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 41
#2Joan A Casey (Columbia University)
Last. Tim A. Bruckner (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 23
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#1Kaylee Sarna (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 1
#2Gary M. Brittenham (Columbia University)H-Index: 56
Last. Cynthia M. Beall (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 36
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#1Michael L. Power (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 29
#2Carrie Snead (American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)H-Index: 1
Last. Jay Schulkin (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 59
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Evolution is a fundamental principle in biology; however, it has been neglected in medical education. We argue that an evolutionary perspective is especially important for women's health care providers, as selection will act strongly on reproductive parameters, and the biological costs of female reproduction are generally more resource expensive than for men (e.g. due to gestation and lactation) with greater effects on health and wellbeing. An evolutionary perspective is needed to understand ant...
#1Kimberly A. Plomp (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 4
#2Keith Dobney (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 35
Last. Mark Collard (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 33
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Background and objectives: The study reported here focused on the aetiology of spondylolysis, a vertebral pathology usually caused by a fatigue fracture. The goal was to test the Overshoot Hypothesis, which proposes that people develop spondylolysis because their vertebral shape is at the highly derived end of the range of variation within Homo sapiens. Methodology: We recorded 3D data on the final lumbar vertebrae of H. sapiens and three great ape species, and performed three analyses. First, w...
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of harmful conditions which occur together, such as insulin resistance, abdominal obesity, and hypertension. The global prevalence of MetS is growing rapidly, with some estimates suggesting over one billion people worldwide experience increased morality and disease rates linked with this syndrome. One possible factor contributing to MetS risk is changes in microbiome composition. Approximately 100 trillion bacteria and other microbes reside in the human int...
#1Megan A. Greischar (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 6
#2Helen K. Alexander (University of Oxford)H-Index: 10
Last. Christina L. Faust (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 7
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Lay Summary: Competition often occurs among diverse parasites within a single host, but control efforts could change its strength. We examined how the interplay between competition and control could shape the evolution of parasite traits like drug resistance and disease severity.
1 CitationsSource
#1Zaneta M. Thayer (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 10
#2Julienne N. Rutherford (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 14
Last. Christopher W. Kuzawa (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 41
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Evidence that fetal nutrition influences adult health has heightened interest in nutritional interventions targeting pregnancy. However, as is true for other placental mammals, human females have evolved mechanisms that help buffer the fetus against short-term fluctuations in maternal diet and energy status. In this review, we first discuss the evolution of increasingly elaborate vertebrate strategies of buffering offspring from environmental fluctuations during development, including the import...
Top fields of study
Evolutionary medicine