Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Papers 3703
1 page of 371 pages (3,703 results)
#1Brett Schrewe (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 3
#2Claudia W. Ruitenberg (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 12
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The onset of acute illness may be accompanied by a profound sense of disorientation for patients. Addressing this vulnerability is a key part of a physician's purview, yet well-intended efforts to do so may be impeded by myriad competing tasks in clinical practice. Resolving this dilemma goes beyond appealing to altruism, as its limitless demands may lead to physician burnout, disillusionment, and a narrowed focus on the biomedical aspects of care in the interest ...
#1Nesrin N. Abu-Baker (JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Ahmad A Al-Jarrah (JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology)
Last. Rana Obeidat (Zarqa Private University)H-Index: 5
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AIM: To asses smoking cessation counselling practices (SCC) among health care providers dealing with cancer patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used with a sample of 300 providers from three hospitals in Jordan. A self-report questionnaire was distributed. RESULTS: During the initial visit, the most frequent practices were asking patients if they smoke and advise smokers to quit (50%, 45% respectively). Only 13% of providers reported treating or referring patients for smoking use cess...
#1Audrey Mathieu (UdeM: Université de Montréal)
#2Michael Sauthier (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 2
Last. David BrossierH-Index: 2
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RATIONALE: High data quality is essential to ensure the validity of clinical and research inferences based on it. However, these data quality assessments are often missing even though these data are used in daily practice and research. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the data quality of our high-resolution electronic database (HRDB) implemented in our paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: We conducted a prospective validation study of a HRDB in a 32-bed paediatric me...
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of a set of measures designed by a working group to reduce medication errors (MEs) during the care transition of elderly trauma patients. The secondary objectives were to classify MEs and determine their location. METHODS: A 43-month pre-post prospective intervention study in a university hospital. A working group was set up in the Trauma Service. A pharmacist analysed the pharmacotherapeutic processes of all patients admitted to the Trauma Service in different h...
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: An integrated care program for heart failure (HF) was developed in the Basque Country in 2013. The objective of this research was to evaluate its effectiveness through the number of hospital admissions in three integrated healthcare organizations (IHOs), taking into account the longitudinal nature of the disease and the intensity of the implementation. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out, based on data entered in administrative and clinica...
#1Joseph Vere (University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust)
#2Barry GibsonH-Index: 21
Evidence-based standards are fundamental to the practice, funding, and governance of modern medicine. These standards are developed using hierarchies of evidence yet it is often not appreciated that different hierarchies exist and there is a risk that inconsistent standards may be developed depending upon the hierarchy that is used. In this paper, we present four factors, independent of study design, that have led to differences amongst hierarchies. These factors are: establishment of profession...
#1Zvonimir Šikić (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 2
#1Sikic Zvonimir (University of Zagreb)
BACKGROUND: It is well known that tests are not 100% accurate at classifying individuals. The actual condition of an individual(e.g. diseased, or not diseased) does not coincide with her test result (positive, or negative). Nevertheless, it is often presupposed, as a rule of thumb, that individuals with negative results can be "ruled out" if screening test is highly sensitive and "ruled in" if screening test is highly specific. This has led to the mnemonic SNNOUT (sensitive negative out) and SPP...
#1Klay Lamprell (Macquarie University)H-Index: 2
#2Yvonne Tran (Macquarie University)H-Index: 32
Last. Jeffrey Braithwaite (Macquarie University)H-Index: 47
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BACKGROUND: While the quality of medical care delivered by physicians can be very good, it can also be inconsistent and feature behaviours that are entrenched despite updated information and evidence. The "nudge" paradigm for behaviour change is being used to bring clinical practice in line with desired standards. The premise is that behaviour can be voluntarily shifted by making particular choices instinctively appealing. We reviewed studies that are explicit about their use of nudge theory in ...
#1Ariel Lefkowitz (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
#2Dafna Meitar (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 5
Last. Ayelet Kuper (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 9
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Medical schools and residency programs have become very adept at teaching medical students and residents an enormous amount of information. However, it is much less clear whether they are effective at fostering virtuous qualities like empathy or professionalism in trainees. This would come as no surprise to Plato, who famously argued in the Meno that virtue cannot be taught. This pedagogical challenge threatens to stymie medical educators, who increasingly recognize the importance of professiona...
#1Gohar Qadeer (University of Manchester)
#2Mohamed E.K. Amin (Beirut Arab University)H-Index: 4
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Little attention has been given to perceptions of pharmacist availability and role in the community setting following policy changes. The Pakistani model is particularly interesting as it encompasses three different pharmacy practice licensure types with major differences in credentials, training, and role. Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this study examined factors associated with the availability of pharmacists in the community setting in Pakis...
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