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Clinical Science
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#1Satoko Nozato (Osaka University)H-Index: 2
#2Koichi Yamamoto (Osaka University)H-Index: 22
Last.Kazuhiro Hongyo (Osaka University)H-Index: 7
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The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-angiotensin 1-7 (A1-7)-A1-7 receptor (Mas) axis plays a protective role in the renin–angiotensin system (RAS). We recently found that ACE2 knockout (ACE2KO) mice exhibit earlier aging-associated muscle weakness, and that A1-7 alleviates muscle weakness in aging mice. In the present study, we investigated the role of the A1-7-Mas pathway in the effect of ACE2 on physiological aging. Male wild-type, ACE2KO, and Mas knockout (MasKO) mice were subjected to ...
Background:Several different mechanisms have been proposed to explain long-term cognitive impairment in sepsis survivors. The role of persisting mitochondrial dysfunction is not known. We thus sought to determine whether stimulation of mitochondrial dynamics improves mitochondrial function and long-term cognitive impairment in an experimental model of sepsis. Methods:Sepsis was induced inadult Wistar ratsby caecal ligation and perforation. Animals received intracerebroventricular injections of e...
#1Shuming Wang (Nanjing Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Yilin Hu (Nantong University)
Last.Yang Su (Nanjing Medical University)
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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a vital role in cancers. Accumulated evidences showed that the physiological condition of cells can be reflected by the circRNAs in the exosomes they secrete, and these exosomal circRNAs can be captured by the receptor cells, thereby inducing a series of cellular responses. We performed qRT-PCR to detect the expression level of circ-0000284 in cholangiocarcinoma cell lines, tissues and plasma exosomes. Then the direct interaction between circ-0000284 and miR-637 was...
#1Yan Tang (SDU: Shandong University)H-Index: 2
#2Yao Shi (SDU: Shandong University)
Last.Chuan-YongLiu (SDU: Shandong University)H-Index: 12
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic intestinal inflammation, but the accurate etiology remains to be elucidated. Increasing evidence has shown that macrophages polarize to different phenotypes depending on the intestinal microenvironment and are associated with the progression of IBD. In the present study, we investigated the effect of oxytocin, a neuroendocrinal, and pro-health peptide, on the modulation of macrophages polarization and the progression of experimental colitis. Our data...
#2Dan LvH-Index: 2
Last.Ye ChenH-Index: 10
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 10–15% of the population worldwide, results in high morbidity and mortality, and requires costly treatment and renal replacement therapy. Glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and persistent intestinal flora disturbance are common in CKD. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced by the intestinal microbiota, have been previously reported to ameliorate kidney injury; however, the specific concentrations and types that are required to improve renal ...
#1M. Nandi (WVU: West Virginia University)H-Index: 4
#2Sourina Pal (WVU: West Virginia University)H-Index: 1
Last.Amal Santra (WVU: West Virginia University)
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During chronic hepatitis B (CHB), CD8+ T cells down-regulate CD28, the primary co-stimulation molecule for T-cell activation. Diverse functional attributes of CD8+CD28− T cells are suggested in various disease contexts. The present study aimed to characterize CD8+CD28− T cells in different phases of chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (CHI)- Immune-tolerance (IT), Hepatitis B e-antigen-positive CHB (EP-CHB), Inactive carriers (IC) and Hepatitis B e-antigen-negative CHB (EN-CHB), to apprais...
#1Wei Cao (Southern Medical University)H-Index: 7
#2Meng Shi (Southern Medical University)H-Index: 1
Last.Fan Fan Hou (Southern Medical University)H-Index: 29
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The underlying mechanism by which amassing of white adipose tissue in obesity regulates sympathetic nerve system (SNS) drive to the tissues responsible for glucose disposal, and causes insulin resistance (IR), remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that high-fat (HF) feeding increases afferent impulses from white adipose tissue that reflexively elevate efferent nerve activity to skeletal muscle (SM) and adipose tissue to impair their local glucose uptake. We also investigated how salt-intake ...
Emerging studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRs) participate in the development of multiple metabolic complications including cardiovascular diseases. Among them, circulating level of liver-secreted miR-122 was closely correlated with several consequence of heart diseases in clinical studies, and overexpression of miR-122 impaired cardiomyocyte function. However, it was unknown whether miR-122 could regulate cardiac biology in obesity. Therefore, present study was to disclose the role of...
NLRP3 inflammasome [NLR (nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat containing protein) Pyrin-domain-containing 3 ] functions as an innate sensor of several PAMPs and DAMPs (pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns). It has been also reported as a transcription factor related to Th2 pattern, although its role in the adaptive immunity has been controversial, mainly because the studies were performed using gene deletion approaches. In the present study, we have investigated the NLRP3...
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