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European Journal of Applied Physiology
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10234
Papers 9697
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#1Nathan Philip Hilton (Edge Hill University)H-Index: 1
#2Nicholas Keith Leach (Edge Hill University)H-Index: 1
Last. Lars R. McNaughton (UJ: University of Johannesburg)H-Index: 39
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PURPOSE: Enteric-coated sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) can attenuate gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms following acute bicarbonate loading, although the subsequent effects on exercise performance have not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of enteric-coated NaHCO3 supplementation on high-intensity exercise performance and GI symptoms. METHODS: Eleven trained male cyclists completed three 4 km time trials after consuming; a placebo or 0.3 gkg(-1) body mass NaHCO3 in...
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PURPOSE: Electro-induced (EI) muscle actions are largely used in healthy subjects to improve motor performance, in frail/older subjects to limit sarcopenia and mobility loss, and in pathological subjects to restore functional abilities after injury and/or surgical operation. Their effects on motor output (e.g., muscle strength and power, and motor performance) are relatively well known, but their effects on postural balance are not. However, postural balance turns out to be a determining factor ...
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#2Damien DavenneH-Index: 25
Last. Pascale Duché (University of the South, Toulon-Var)H-Index: 29
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PURPOSE: This work studied the acute effects in healthy adults of evening exercise timing on their quality of sleep and dietary intake over the following 12 h. METHODS: Sixteen men and women, (age: 22.3 +/- 1.4 years; BMI: 20.8 +/- 1.4 kg/m(2), intermediate chronotype) took part in three randomized crossover sessions spread over three consecutive weeks: control session (CTL), 1 h exercise session at 6:30 pm (E6:30) and 1 h exercise session at 8:30 pm (E8:30), in which exercise finished 4 h and 2...
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#1Olav Vikmoen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)
#2Truls Raastad (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 40
Last. Bent R. RønnestadH-Index: 22
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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if endurance athletes, sustaining their normal endurance training, experience attenuated adaptations to strength training compared to untrained individuals. METHODS: Eleven non-strength-trained female endurance athletes (E + S) added 11 weeks of strength training to their normal endurance training (5.1 +/- 1.1 h per week), and 10 untrained women (S) performed the same strength training without any endurance training. The strength training con...
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#1André Dufour (UDS: University of Strasbourg)H-Index: 22
#2Olivier Després (UDS: University of Strasbourg)H-Index: 14
Last. Ségolène Lithfous (UDS: University of Strasbourg)H-Index: 3
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PURPOSE: The bioheat transfer equation predicts temperature distribution in living tissues such as the skin. This study aimed at psychophysically validating this model in humans. METHODS: Three experiments were performed. In the first, participants were asked to judge the thermal intensity of stimuli with combinations of intensity and duration that yielded, according to the model, identical temperatures at the thermoreceptor's depth. In experiment 2, participants' thermal detection thresholds fo...
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PURPOSE: Strenuous exercise induces inflammation and muscle damage. Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) is a widely used spice that exhibits potent anti-inflammatory response and appears to decrease indirect markers of muscle damage. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of Curcuma longa L. extract (CLE) on inflammation and muscle damage after a half-marathon race. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy, normal-weight men were randomly assigned to one of two g...
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#1Alexander T. Carswell (UKC: University of Kent)
#2Kevin Howland (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 5
Last. Glen Davison (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 13
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PURPOSE: To determine the influence of two commonly occurring genetic polymorphisms on exercise, cognitive performance, and caffeine metabolism, after caffeine ingestion. METHODS: Eighteen adults received caffeine or placebo (3 mg kg(-1)) in a randomised crossover study, with measures of endurance exercise (15-min cycling time trial; 70-min post-supplementation) and cognitive performance (psychomotor vigilance test; PVT; pre, 50 and 95-min post-supplementation). Serum caffeine and paraxanthine w...
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