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Environmental Pollution
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#1Yanhong ZhuH-Index: 9
#2Weijun LiH-Index: 27
Last. Shushen YangH-Index: 6
view all 11 authors...
Abstract Soluble iron (FeS) in aerosols contributes to free oxygen radical generation with implications for human health, and potentially catalyzes sulfur dioxide oxidation. It is also an important external source of micronutrients for ocean ecosystems. However, factors controlling FeS concentration and its contribution to total iron (FeT) in aerosols remain poorly understand. Here, FeS and FeT in PM2.5 was studied at four urban sites in eastern China from 21 to 31 December, 2017. Average FeT (8...
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#1George MangseH-Index: 1
#2David WernerH-Index: 27
Last. Chukwuma C. OgbagaH-Index: 4
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Abstract Volatile Petroleum Hydrocarbon (VPH) class effects on soil microbial composition were investigated using two next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques – 454 pyrosequencing and ion torrent sequencing. Microbial activity was stimulated by adding different VPH compound classes to the sandy soil in comparison with live controls without VPH addition. Microbial community structure was significantly affected by the various VPH classes. At the genus level, Rhodococcus, Desulfosporosinus, Pola...
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#1Sumin Wang (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources)H-Index: 1
#2Hongzhe Chen (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources)H-Index: 1
Last. Hui Lin (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources)H-Index: 1
view all 9 authors...
Abstract: Microplastic pollution is widespread across most ocean basins around the world. Microplastics (MPs) are small plastic particles that have a significant impact on the marine environment. Various research on plastic pollution have been conducted in several regions. However, currently, there is limited data on the distribution and concentration of MPs in the mid-west Pacific Ocean. Therefore, this study we investigated the abundance, distribution, characteristics, and compositions of MPs ...
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#1Raphael P. Paschoal (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 4
#2Eloiza H. Campana (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 7
Last. Renata C. Picão (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 17
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Abstract The spread of carbapenemase-producing bacteria is a worldwide concern as it challenges healthcare, especially considering the insufficient development of antimicrobials. These microorganisms have been described not only in hospitals, but also in several environmental settings including recreational waters. Community exposure to antimicrobial-resistant bacteria through recreation might be relevant for human health, but risk assessment studies are lacking. Absence of effective and feasibl...
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#1Yunjiang YuH-Index: 5
#2Xin HuaH-Index: 1
Last. Mingdeng XiangH-Index: 5
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Lindane, a lipophilic pollutant, may be toxic to organisms. To explore the toxic effects of lindane and the underlying mechanisms of this toxicity, the animal model Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) was exposed to lindane for 3 d at environmentally relevant concentrations (0.01–100 ng/L) and the physiological, biochemical, and molecular indices were evaluated. Subacute exposure to 10–100 ng/L of lindane caused adverse physiological effects on the development, reproduction, and locomot...
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#1Lin Niu (Zhengzhou University)
#2Fang Liu (Zhengzhou University)
Last. Jinjie Cui (Zhengzhou University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Common varieties of genetically modified (GM) cotton increasingly display insect-resistant properties via expression of bacterial-derived toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). This necessitates a deeper understanding of the possible effects of these crops on non-target insects. The mirid bug Apolygus lucorum is a major pest in cotton production in China, however, the effect of GM cotton on this non-target species is currently virtually unknown. This insect is exposed to these transge...
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#1Jiahua Guo (Northwest University (United States))
#1Jiahua GuoH-Index: 2
Last. Qi LiH-Index: 4
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Abstract This work aimed at predicting the toxic effects of phenolic compounds in Ba River on the health of female sharpbelly (Hemiculter lucidus) by the de novo transcriptomic analysis of the liver. Sharpbelly, a native fish living in freshwater ecosystem of East Asia, were sampled upstream, near, and downstream of a wastewater discharge to the Ba river. Based on the occurrence of bisphenol A (BPA), nonylphenol (NP), and 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP) in the water and fish sampled from each site, ...
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Abstract Synthetic fibers account for approximately 60% of the total global fiber production, and polyester (PET) and polyamide (PA) dominate. Synthetic fabrics are now widely used in clothing, upholstery, carpets and other such materials. Textiles based on these materials have the potential to release microplastics (
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#1Tang Yang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Lu Jiang (Ocean University of China)
Last. Junxin Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) play important roles in water purification but are also important source of aerosols. However, the relationship between aerosol characteristics and wastewater treatment process remains poorly understood. In this study, aerosols were collected over a 24-month period from a WWTP using a modified anaerobic-anoxic-oxic process. The aerated tank (AerT) was characterized by the highest respiratory fraction (RF) concentrations (861–1525 CFU/m3) and proportio...
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#1Yong-Lin Liu (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
Last. Yulong Zhang (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Strategies for reducing cadmium (Cd) content in polluted farmland soils are currently limited. A type of composite with nanoparticles incorporated into a hydrogel have been developed to efficiently remove heavy metals from sewage, but their application in soils faces challenges, such as organic hydrogel degradation due to oxygen exposure and slow Cd2+ release from soil constituents. To overcome these challenges, a composite with superior stability for long-term application in soil is re...
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