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The equivalence between information and entropy is used to interpret the entropy of a molecular gas as missing information about its internal state of motion. Our considerations show that thermodynamic information is principally composed of two parts which continually change in the course of gas-kinetic collisions. While the first part relates to energy carried by the individual molecules in the form of kinetic energy and in internal excitations, the second relates to information concerned with ...

Bandwidth-Limited and Noisy Pulse Sequences for Single Qubit Operations in Semiconductor Spin Qubits

Spin qubits are very valuable and scalable candidates in the area of quantum computation and simulation applications. In the last decades, they have been deeply investigated from a theoretical point of view and realized on the scale of few devices in the laboratories. In semiconductors, spin qubits can be built confining the spin of electrons in electrostatically defined quantum dots. Through this approach, it is possible to create different implementations: single electron spin qubit, singlet–t...

Transition from Self-Organized Criticality into Self-Organization during Sliding Si3N4 Balls against Nanocrystalline Diamond Films

The paper investigates the variation of friction force (Fx) during reciprocating sliding tests on nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films. The analysis of the friction behavior during the run-in period is the focus of the study. The NCD films were grown using microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (MW-PECVD) on single-crystalline diamond SCD(110) substrates. Reciprocating sliding tests were conducted under 500 and 2000 g of normal load using Si3N4 balls as a counter body. The friction f...

Relationship of Secondary Structures and Wear Resistance of Antifriction Aluminum Alloys for Journal Bearings from the Point of View of Self-Organization During Friction

The paper investigates the relationship between the tribological properties/compositions of new aluminum antifriction alloys and compositions of the secondary structures formed on their friction surfaces. Eight alloys with various compositions have been analyzed. The elemental compositions of the secondary structures on their friction surfaces have been determined. The relationship between the alloy secondary structure compositions with wear rate has been found. An attempt has been made to deter...

ν-Support Vector Regression Model Based on Gauss-Laplace Mixture Noise Characteristic for Wind Speed Prediction

Most regression techniques assume that the noise characteristics are subject to single noise distribution whereas the wind speed prediction is difficult to model by the single noise distribution because the noise of wind speed is complicated due to its intermittency and random fluctuations. Therefore, we will present the ν -support vector regression model of Gauss-Laplace mixture heteroscedastic noise (GLM-SVR) and Gauss-Laplace mixture homoscedastic noise (GLMH-SVR) for complex noise. The augme...

Investigation of New Tsallis-Based Equation to Predict Shear Stress Distribution in Circular and Trapezoidal Channels

In this study, the entropy concept is employed to estimate the shear stress distribution in a circular channel with flat bed and trapezoidal channel. Using the principle of maximum entropy, the shear stress distribution is derived by maximizing the Tsallis entropy by assuming averaged shear stress as a random variable. The derived shear stress equation can describe the variation of shear stress along the wetted perimeter of channel. The developed model of shear stress distribution is tested with...

Secure information exchange occurs in many recently emerging cooperative-based networks, such as 5G networks (especially those with a Device to Device architecture), the Internet of Things, and vehicular ad hoc networks. However, the existing information exchange protocols only focus on either pairwise information exchange or group information exchange, and none of these protocols enable private and public information exchange to occur simultaneously. Thus, a general secure information exchange ...

Results of experiments on numerical data sets discretized using two methods—global versions of Equal Frequency per Interval and Equal Interval Width-are presented. Globalization of both methods is based on entropy. For discretized data sets left and right reducts were computed. For each discretized data set and two data sets, based, respectively, on left and right reducts, we applied ten-fold cross validation using the C4.5 decision tree generation system. Our main objective was to compare the q...

The sum capacity of the general K-user Gaussian Interference Channel (GIC) is known only when the channel coefficients are such that treating interference as noise (TIN) is optimal. The Han-Kobayashi (HK) scheme is an extensively studied coding scheme for the K-user interference channel (IC). Simple HK schemes are HK schemes with Gaussian signaling, no time sharing and no private-common power splitting. The class of simple HK (S-HK) schemes includes the TIN scheme and schemes that involve variou...

We explore the possible role of network dynamics near a critical point in the storage of new information in silico and in vivo, and show that learning and memory may rely on neuronal network features mediated by the vicinity of criticality. Using a mean-field, attractor-based model, we show that new information can be consolidated into attractors through state-based learning in a dynamical regime associated with maximal susceptibility at the critical point. Then, we predict that the subsequent c...

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