Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Papers 2318
1 page of 232 pages (2,318 results)
Abstract Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remains a complex valve pathology affecting nearly two million people in the United States. Although it can present as a primary valve pathology, TR often presents as a late finding in patients with severe pulmonary disease or end-stage chronic heart failure. Surgical repair of isolated TR or TR from left-sided pathology has been associated with high morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, surgery for patients with TR and advanced cardiac disease has been asso...
Abstract Surgical treatment of isolated and concomitant tricuspid disease remains underutilized. The gap between guidelines and clinical practice is reflective in large measure of the historically poor outcomes of tricuspid valve surgery. We reviewed our current surgical outcomes of tricuspid regurgitation to determine whether surgical outcomes have improved in the modern era.
Abstract While there have been significant advances made towards controlling cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality in recent decades, African- Americans continue to experience a markedly elevated burden of CVD. Multiple factors have contributed to this major public health crisis, including medication adherence, racial inequities in diagnosis and treatment, lack of culturally competent care, and disparities in healthcare access. Historical approaches to reduce this burden are targe...
Abstract Uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) in the U.S. is particularly prevalent and devastating among black individuals, who disproportionately suffer the consequences of this condition to a greater extent compared with persons in other racial/ethnic groups. Furthermore, African Americans are often underrepresented in cardiovascular clinical trials, limiting the ability to reliably apply the results from many outcome studies in this specific population. In this review, we summarize and analyze th...
Abstract Hypertension (HTN) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) but the association between HTN and CVD cannot be explained by average blood pressure (BP) alone. BP variability (BPV) is another important factor, along with the effects of HTN on the vasculature. The concept of systemic hemodynamic atherothrombotic syndrome (SHATS) has been proposed, describing an age-related and synergistic vicious cycle of hemodynamic stress and vascular disease. The importance of SHATS ...
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Abstract The updated scientific statement by the American Heart Association has defined resistant hypertension (HTN;RH) as uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) ≥ 130/80 mmHg, despite concurrent use of 3 anti-HTN drug classes comprising a calcium channel blocker, a blocker of renin-angiotensin system, and a thiazide diuretic, preferably chlorthalidone. Using the updated BP criteria, the prevalence of RH in the United States is found to be modestly increased by approximately 3–4% among treated populat...
Abstract Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a common cause of secondary hypertension (HTN) and may lead to resistant (refractory) HTN despite guideline directed medical therapy. Although randomized controlled trials comparing medical therapy to medical therapy and renal artery stenting have shown no benefit with renal artery stenting, according to comparative effectiveness reviews by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the trials did not enroll patients with the most severe RAS who would...
Abstract The rapid development of transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI) therapies has quickly provided the opportunity to improve patient selection and procedural planning for patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) considered at high surgical risk. This review focuses on the contributions which both computed tomography angiography and cardiac magnetic resonance can provide in the better understanding of the natural history of TR, in the comprehensive anatomical and fu...
Abstract Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions (TTVIs) have arisen in recent years as an alternative treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in high risk patients. TTVIs can be classified as annuloplasty devices, caval valve implantation (CAVI), tricuspid valve replacement and coaptation devices. The FORMA repair system (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) aims to improve the coaptation of tricuspid leaflets by occupying the regurgitant orifice with a balloon spacer, which reduces the...
Top fields of study
Heart failure
Heart disease
Diabetes mellitus