Journal of Archaeological Science
Papers 6403
1 page of 641 pages (6,403 results)
#1Dwgs Leith (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 119
#2Geoff Hill (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 1
Last.E. Allison (Canterbury Archaeological Trust)H-Index: 2
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Abstract The timing and mechanisms for the develpment of synanthropy for insects is under-explored worldwide; however, substantial archaeoentomological datasets are required to explore this issue in detail. In the British Isles, 50 years of research has generated such a dataset, which we have compiled for this paper. It consists of beetle (Coleoptera) faunas from 55 archaeological sites, comprising 85,829 individuals; out of which 22,670 individuals, representing 128 taxa, were classed as semi- ...
#1John R. Samuelsen (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 3
#2Adriana Potra (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 3
Abstract This study analyzes Pb isotopes combining biological (ancient human and prehistoric animal teeth) and geological (soil leachate, whole rock, and rock leachate) samples to determine the origins of prehistoric skeletal elements. It exemplifies how the biologically available Pb method assesses the early lifetime locations of ancient human populations using prehistoric animal teeth and the multivariate/linear nature of Pb isotope data. Lead isotopes provide a valuable technique, in part due...
#1Abigail Ramsøe (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 1
#2Vivian van Heekeren (Ebor: University of York)
Last.Matthew J. Collins (McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research)H-Index: 54
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Abstract Contamination is a potential problem in the study of ancient proteins, either from prior handling of the sample, laboratory consumables, or cross-sample carryover from mass spectrometers. Recently, deamidation of glutamine has been proposed as a measure for assessing the degradation of ancient proteins. Here, we present deamiDATE 1.0, a method for the authentication of ancient proteins using measure of site-specific deamidation rates. We test this approach on shotgun proteomic data deri...
#1Michal Rybníček (Mendel University)H-Index: 9
#2Petr KočárH-Index: 5
Last.Tomáš Kolář (Mendel University)H-Index: 9
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Abstract In 2018, during the construction of a motorway in the East Bohemian Region near the town of Ostrov (Czech Republic), archaeologists excavated a structure of a wooden water well lining with a square base area of 80 × 80 cm and 140 cm in height. Due to the excellent conservation of the oak timbers, studies of technological details and precise tree-ring dating were possible. The used trees were felled in the years 5256/55 BC, which makes this well the oldest dendrochronologically dated arc...
#1Shan Huang (UCL: University College London)
#2Ian C. Freestone (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 27
Last.Lihua Shen (CASS: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
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Abstract Celadon, technically a stoneware with a lime-rich glaze, had been produced in South China for more than two millennia before it was first made in the North in the second half of the sixth century. It appears to have been an immediate precursor to white porcelain, which was first produced by northern kilns. The compositions and microstructures of early northern celadons from kilns, residential sites and tombs in Shandong, Hebei and Henan provinces, and dated 550s-618 CE, have been determ...
#1Gillan Davis (Macquarie University)H-Index: 1
#2Damian B. Gore (Macquarie University)H-Index: 24
Last.Francis Albarède (Rice University)H-Index: 10
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Abstract This article demonstrates that distinct and coherent silver sources can be discriminated from surface compositional analyses. In the first large-scale study of Archaic (pre-479 BC) Athenian silver coins in museum collections around the world, we analysed 788 coins by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry with a mathematical correction to provide a reliable composition for key diagnostic elements. Principal Component Analysis reveals compositional patterns including at ...
#1Nuria Sugrañes (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 1
#2Gustavo Neme (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 18
Last.Brandi L. MacDonald (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 3
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Abstract The introduction of pottery in North Patagonia (Argentina), approximately 2000 years BP, allowed hunter-gatherers to exploit resources in new ways, but also required alterations to lifeways to accommodate this new technology, especially in territoriality, exchange, and home ranges. Ceramic provenance analysis allows us to focus on the characteristics of pot circulation and conveyance in the region. In this paper, we explore the topic applying neutron activation analysis to ceramic sherd...
#1Giorgia Giordani (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 1
#2Céline Erauw (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)
Last.Stefano Vanin (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 17
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Abstract Funerary archaeoentomology entails the study of insects from archaeological contexts, in order to examine funerary practices, thanatology and hygiene/sanitation in ancient populations. However, while insects from human mummies have been widely studied, there is a limited literature dealing with archaeoentomology of animal sacrifices. Andean camelid sacrifices are common in ritual contexts, as funerary or foundation offerings. The current paper addresses camelid remains recovered from th...
#1Laura Tucker (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 1
#2Julien Favreau (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 1
Last.Julio Mercader (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Strontium isotope analysis is a useful tool for tracing mobility and migration in past populations. For it to be employed, the 87Sr/86Sr values of the landscape must be well-understood. Bioavailable strontium is a combination of geological and atmospheric strontium available for use by plants and animals. In this study we begin mapping bioavailable strontium values around the Oldupai Gorge region so that this method may be utilized on archaeological hominins and animals in the future. W...
#1Ian Towle (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)
#2Joel D. Irish (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 21
Abstract Enamel hypoplasia is often split into several macroscopic categories, including pit, localised, linear and plane-form defects. All types have been considered a sign of ‘non-specific stress’ during dental development in archaeological, as well as palaeoanthropological and other samples. There is growing evidence suggesting many defects may not be caused by illness or malnutrition during childhood, instead relating to trauma to the developing tooth, genetic conditions or specific environm...
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