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Journal of Archaeological Science
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3.03
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6375
Papers 6328
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#1Joaquim Fort (Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies)H-Index: 23
#2Maria Mercè Pareta (University of Girona)H-Index: 1
Abstract Mathematical models of Neolithic spread use dispersal histograms to estimate some of the parameters necessary to obtain quantitative spread rates that can be compared to those inferred from the archaeological record. However, it has been never determined if dispersal histograms are a reasonable approximation to the complete distribution of dispersal distances. Indeed, it is unknown if long-distance dispersal events are important in Neolithic spread, similarly to what happens in many eco...
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#1Noemi Álvarez-Fernández (University of Santiago de Compostela)H-Index: 1
#2Antonio Martínez Cortizas (University of Santiago de Compostela)H-Index: 21
Last. Olalla López-Costas (Stockholm University)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Mercury is a major environmental pollutant extensively used by humans, whose pollution dates back at least to c. 3250 BCE (South Iberian Peninsula). As it happens today, past populations were mostly affected by low dose chronic mercury exposure, with levels that varied with the intensity of some anthropogenic activities (mining and metallurgy in particular). Despite its toxic nature, mercury impact in humans themselves has been hardly addressed by Archaeology. The aim of this research i...
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#1Allison L. Wolfe (UofU: University of Utah)
#2Jack M. Broughton (UofU: University of Utah)H-Index: 22
Abstract At least 37 genera of mostly large mammals went extinct toward the end of the Pleistocene in North America near the time of human arrival, and this general synchrony has long been argued to suggest human hunting (i.e., “overkill”) caused those losses. However, there exist only a few sites that securely document the human utilization of extinct megafauna, and this apparent scarcity—often referred to as the Associational Critique—remains the single most widely-cited, empirically-based obj...
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#1L. Perucchetti (British Museum)
#2Ignacio Montero-Ruiz (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 7
Last. P. Bray (University of Reading)
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Abstract Traditionally, archaeometallurgical projects have visualised information through distribution maps of the find spots for different metal compositions or types of objects. However, this is limiting, and more innovative styles of communication are required to engage with more dynamic technological questions such as what underpins the use and circulation of metal. This paper compares four ways to process and represent the archaeometallurgical chemical composition dataset for Copper Age Ibe...
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#1Silvia Amicone (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 1
#2Miljana Radivojević (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 6
Last. Thilo Rehren (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 22
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Abstract The present paper re-examines the purported relationship between Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic pottery firing technology and the world's earliest recorded copper metallurgy at two Serbian Vinca culture sites, Belovode and Plocnik (c. 5350 to 4600 BC). A total of eighty-eight well-dated sherds including dark-burnished and graphite-painted pottery that originate across this period have been analysed using a multi-pronged scientific approach in order to reconstruct the raw materials an...
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#1Zandra Fagernäs (MPG: Max Planck Society)
#2Maite Iris García-Collado (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 2
Last. Christina Warinner (FSU: University of Jena)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Archaeological materials are a finite resource, and efforts should be made to minimize destructive analyses. This can be achieved by using protocols combining extraction of several types of biomolecules or microparticles, which decreases the material needed for analyses while maximizing the information yield. Archaeological dental calculus is a source of several different types of biomolecules, as well as microfossils, and can tell us about the human host, microbiome, diet, and even occ...
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#1Marie Balasse (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 23
#2Léo Renault-Fabregon (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
Last. Maria Ivanova (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 3
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Abstract During the course of the diffusion of Neolithic agro-pastoral societies across Europe, animal husbandry was adapted to local constraints and resources, involving changes in practices as well as in animal physiology. As a result, the timing of animal breeding was impacted, with consequences on the organization of agro-pastoral tasks and the seasonal availability of animal products. Past sheep birth seasonality can be investigated through the reconstruction of the seasonal cycle recorded ...
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#1Naama Yahalom-Mack (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 6
#2Gadi Herzlinger (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 4
Last. Yigal Erel (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 37
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Abstract In this study, the shape of socketed bronze arrowheads is analysed and expressed as a series of mathematical trends which are then compared to chemical and lead isotope composition, as well as to the categorization of traditional non-computerized typology. It is shown that while traditional typology has statistical validation, additional important information can be gleaned from 3-D geometric morphometric shape analysis (3DGM), particularly when combined with material analyses. For exam...
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#1Katarzyna Kądziołka (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 1
#2Anna Pietranik (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Temperature is a crucial factor influencing the effectiveness of metal smelting process. When studied in historical slags it provides information on the evolution of smelting technologies over time and how humankind approached metal recovery. Methodological approaches to temperature reconstruction using pyrometallurgical slags vary and this study serves as a critical review of the methods used so far with the complex historical smelting site used as an example of the application of the ...
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#1Ingrid Mainland (Orkney College UHI)H-Index: 13
#1Magdalena Blanz (University of the Highlands and Islands)H-Index: 1
Last. Jörg Feldmann (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 47
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Abstract Seaweed consumption by wild, feral and domesticated animals in coastal areas world-wide is currently likely widely underestimated. Seaweed consumption on the Orkney Islands by domesticated animals has become an established part of the archaeological literature, but the extent of seaweed consumption elsewhere is still largely unknown in archaeological contexts. The identification of small amounts of seaweed consumption by collagen δ13C and δ15N values remains problematic, as it is unclea...
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