Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Papers 650
1 page of 65 pages (650 results)
#1Frans Bianchi (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 3
#2Joury S. van ‘t Klooster (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 2
Last.Bert Poolman (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 73
view all 4 authors...
SUMMARY We review the mechanisms responsible for amino acid homeostasis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other fungi. Amino acid homeostasis is essential for cell growth and survival. Hence, the de novo synthesis reactions, metabolic conversions, and transport of amino acids are tightly regulated. Regulation varies from nitrogen pool sensing to control by individual amino acids and takes place at the gene (transcription), protein (posttranslational modification and allostery), and vesicle (traffi...
#1Asja Korajkic (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 8
#2Pauline Wanjugi (NYSDOH: New York State Department of Health)H-Index: 1
Last.Valerie J. Harwood (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 39
view all 5 authors...
SUMMARY Fecal microorganisms can enter water bodies in diverse ways, including runoff, sewage discharge, and direct fecal deposition. Once in water, the microorganisms experience conditions that are very different from intestinal habitats. The transition from host to aquatic environment may lead to rapid inactivation, some degree of persistence, or growth. Microorganisms may remain planktonic, be deposited in sediment, wash up on beaches, or attach to aquatic vegetation. Each of these habitats o...
2 CitationsSource
#1Thomas D. Mand (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 2
#2William W. Metcalf (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 49
SUMMARY The biological production of methane is vital to the global carbon cycle and accounts for ca. 74% of total methane emissions. The organisms that facilitate this process, methanogenic archaea, belong to a large and phylogenetically diverse group that thrives in a wide range of anaerobic environments. Two main subgroups exist within methanogenic archaea: those with and those without cytochromes. Although a variety of metabolisms exist within this group, the reduction of growth substrates t...
#1Zhong Peng (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 4
#2Xiangru Wang (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 6
Last.Bin Wu (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 15
view all 6 authors...
SUMMARY Pasteurella multocida is a highly versatile pathogen capable of causing infections in a wide range of domestic and wild animals as well as in humans and nonhuman primates. Despite over 135 years of research, the molecular basis for the myriad manifestations of P. multocida pathogenesis and the determinants of P. multocida phylogeny remain poorly defined. The current availability of multiple P. multocida genome sequences now makes it possible to delve into the underlying genetic mechanism...
#1Ahmed Gaballa (Cornell University)H-Index: 25
#2Veronica Guariglia-Oropeza (Cornell University)H-Index: 7
Last.Kathryn J. Boor (Cornell University)H-Index: 56
view all 4 authors...
SUMMARY The foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes can modulate its transcriptome and proteome to ensure its survival during transmission through vastly differing environmental conditions. While L. monocytogenes utilizes a large array of regulators to achieve survival and growth in different intra- and extrahost environments, the alternative sigma factor σB and the transcriptional activator of virulence genes protein PrfA are two key transcriptional regulators essential for responding to envi...
#1Jan D. Warncke (University of Basel)H-Index: 1
#2Hans-Peter Beck (University of Basel)H-Index: 52
SUMMARY The asexual intraerythrocytic development of Plasmodium falciparum, causing the most severe form of human malaria, is marked by extensive host cell remodeling. Throughout the processes of invasion, intracellular development, and egress, the erythrocyte membrane skeleton is remodeled by the parasite as required for each specific developmental stage. The remodeling is facilitated by a plethora of exported parasite proteins, and the erythrocyte membrane skeleton is the interface of most of ...
#1Susma Bhattarai (UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education)H-Index: 4
#2Chiara Cassarini (National University of Ireland, Galway)H-Index: 3
Last.Piet N.L. Lens (National University of Ireland, Galway)H-Index: 43
view all 3 authors...
SUMMARY In marine anaerobic environments, methane is oxidized where sulfate-rich seawater meets biogenic or thermogenic methane. In those niches, a few phylogenetically distinct microbial types, i.e., anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME), are able to grow through anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). Due to the relevance of methane in the global carbon cycle, ANME have drawn the attention of a broad scientific community for 4 decades. This review presents and discusses the microbiology and physiology ...
SUMMARY The percentage of women employed in professional scientific positions has been low but is increasing over time. The U.S. National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation have both implemented programs to improve women’s participation in science, and many universities and companies have diversity and equity programs. While most faculty and scientists believe that they are fair and unbiased, numerous well-designed studies published in leading peer-reviewed journals show th...
#1Anthony O. Gaca (Harvard University)H-Index: 9
#2José A. Lemos (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 30
SUMMARY Enterococcus is a diverse and rugged genus colonizing the gastrointestinal tract of humans and numerous hosts across the animal kingdom. Enterococci are also a leading cause of multidrug-resistant hospital-acquired infections. In each of these settings, enterococci must contend with changing biophysical landscapes and innate immune responses in order to successfully colonize and transit between hosts. Therefore, it appears that the intrinsic durability that evolved to make enterococci op...
Top fields of study