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Journal of Hygiene
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4420
Papers 4420
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#1S. J. Krikler (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 1
SUMMARY The carriage of Staphylococcus aureus was studied in a group of 28 men living in a totally isolated environment for a year. Initially, nasal, axillary and perineal swabs were taken at weekly intervals, but from week 24 throat swabs were taken from known nasal carriers. Several attempts were made during the study to eradicate S. aureus. Eight subjects consistently carried their own phage type throughout the study, despite the application of antibacterial agents. In three subjects strains ...
3 CitationsSource
#1C. M. Wathes (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 1
#2K. Howard (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 2
Last.A. J. F. Webster (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 1
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Abstract The survival of Escherichia coli in an aerosol was studied at several temperatures and over a range of relative humidities using a Henderson apparatus. Death occurred in two phases, the first lasting approximately 1 min; in the second the number of viable microorganisms declined exponentially. E. coli was robust and remained viable for many hours. Death was most rapid at low humidities (less than 50% r.h.) at 15 and 30 degrees C, with half-lives of 14 and 3 min respectively. In humid co...
28 CitationsSource
#1Morag C. Timbury (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 17
#2J. R. Donaldson (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 2
Last.T. S. WilsonH-Index: 1
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SUMMARY The bacteriological investigation of an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Glasgow Royal Infirmary affecting 16 patients is described. Most of the patients had been treated in high-dependency areas on two floors of the hospital supplied by the same two air-conditioned ventilation systems. The source of infection was traced to contamination of a cooling tower from which a plume of spray discharged into the intake vents of the two ventilation systems. Rubber grommets within the cooling t...
33 CitationsSource
#2R. E. Carvajal (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 1
Last.R. HernandezH-Index: 1
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Abstract Amounts of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antibodies were determined in sera from patients with either active or inactive tuberculosis and in healthy subjects by an immunoenzymatic assay in which whole BCG cells attached covalently to polystyrene disks were used as antigen. Statistically significant differences (P less than 0.005) were found both between the active and inactive tuberculosis groups and between the active group and healthy controls. No significant differences were found betwe...
2 CitationsSource
#1Y. Miwa (Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine)H-Index: 2
#2Hitoshi Goto (Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine)H-Index: 18
Last.N. SakuradaH-Index: 1
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A total of 571 swine sera collected at an abattoir in the city of Obihiro, Hokkaido during the period February-November 1984 were tested for antibody against human (H1N1) influenza virus strains. A high prevalence of antibody was observed for only 3 months from April to June in that year, in 81/180 sera (45.0%) to A/USSR/92/77 strain and in 50/180 sera (27.8%) to a current epidemic strain (A/Hokkaido/1/84). Some cross-reactions were observed between the A/USSR/92/77 and A/Hokkaido/1/84 antibodie...
6 CitationsSource
#1P. M. Hawkey (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 1
#2John L. Penner (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 24
Last.M. H. Hinton (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 24
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Abstract A survey was undertaken of the occurrence, serotype, antimicrobial sensitivity and plasmid content of members of the tribe Proteeae in the environment of two calf-rearing units in the county of Avon in South West England. Examples of the following species were found: Proteus mirabilis, Prot. vulgaris, Prot. vulgaris Biogroup 2, Morganella morganii, Providencia stuartii, Prov. alcalifaciens and Prov. rettgeri. A wide range of serotypes was found, many having been previously reported from...
10 CitationsSource
#1G. F. Araj (Kuniv: Kuwait University)H-Index: 9
#2A. R. Lulu (Jahra Hospital)H-Index: 3
Last.M. I. Khateeb (Jahra Hospital)H-Index: 3
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Abstract An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of brucella-specific IgG, IgM and IgA in 173 patients with acute brucellosis, 22 patients with chronic brucellosis and in 281 controls consisting of 98 patients with other infectious etiologies, 20 patients with non-infectious diseases and 163 normal healthy adults. The ELISA results were compared with culture findings, the results of slide agglutination tests with Brucella melitensis (M), B. abortus (A) and R...
75 CitationsSource
#1A. C. Lafong (Belfast City Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2K. B. Bamford (Belfast City Hospital)H-Index: 1
Abstract In a prospective survey carried out over 9 months in 1984 in the Department of Bacteriology, Belfast City Hospital, Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 24 out of 1200 faecal specimens (2%) from patients with acute diarrhoea. This isolation rate is much lower than that from other parts of mainland Britain which report an isolation rate of between 8 and 15%. It is difficult to explain this large discrepancy but the limited availability of unpasteurized milk and the generally worse summ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Paul R. Hunter (University Hospital of Wales)H-Index: 53
#2S. H. Burge (University Hospital of Wales)H-Index: 5
Abstract A survey on the bacteriological quality of both drinking water and flavoured drinks from coin-operated vending machines is reported. Forty-four per cent of 25 drinking water samples examined contained coliforms and 84% had viable counts of greater than 1000 organisms ml at 30 degrees C. Thirty-one flavoured drinks were examined; 6% contained coliforms and 39% had total counts greater than 1000 organisms ml. It is suggested that the D.H.S.S. code of practice on coin-operated vending mach...
10 CitationsSource
#1E. J. ThrelfallH-Index: 20
#2B. RoweH-Index: 40
Last.L. R. WardH-Index: 14
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In Salmonella typhimurium phage type 204c isolated in Britain, gentamicin resistance is specified by plasmids of the I1 compatibility group which also confer resistance to apramycin. These plasmids have been subdivided into three types within the I1 group on the basis of their antibiotic resistance specificity, their ability to produce colicin Ib and their restriction enzyme digest fragmentation patterns. All three have been identified in strains from cattle, but as yet only two types have been ...
206 CitationsSource
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