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Addictive Behaviors
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#1Ai Bo (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 5
Last. Binyu Zhu
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Abstract Background Alcohol use among Chinese vocational school students is widespread and associated with many negative consequences. However, alcohol-specific antecedents for this population are understudied. Objectives The current study explored: (a) which alcohol-specific antecedents are the most salient predictors for alcohol use intentions, (b) whether any mediational relationships exist among these alcohol-specific antecedents, and (c) whether gender-based differences exist among these re...
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#1Seth M. Noar (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 44
#2Jacob A. Rohde (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 4
Last. Noel T. Brewer (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 54
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Background The efficacy of e-cigarette prevention ads among adolescents has seldom been studied. We sought to examine the impact of ads from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) The Real Cost prevention media campaign on what adolescents think and believe about vaping. We also sought to test whether perceived message effectiveness (PME) served as a proxy for ad impact. Methods Participants were 543 U.S. adolescents ages 13-17. In an online experiment, we randomized adolescents to eith...
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#1Leon Booth (Curtin University)H-Index: 2
#2Samantha L. Thomas (Deakin University)H-Index: 26
Last. Simone Pettigrew (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 27
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Abstract Lotteries products (lottery tickets and scratch tickets) are the most popular forms of gambling worldwide, however little research has investigated whether these products are associated with gambling-related harm. The limited available research suggests these products are linked to problematic gambling behaviors and a range of resulting negative outcomes, with certain sub-groups appearing to be more vulnerable to experiencing harms. The present study examined risk of gambling-related ha...
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#1Thierry Gagné (UCL: University College London)
#2Katherine L. Frohlich (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 24
Last. Amélie Quesnel-Vallée (McGill University)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Young adulthood is now considered a sensitive period in the progression of health inequalities over the life-course. This age group experiences highly dynamic and socially patterned life-course events that require nuanced modelling choices compared to those commonly used in public health sciences. To illustrate this, we estimate changes in the risk of smoking according to student status, employment status, living arrangements, and relationship status at different ages across education c...
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#1Lidia Z. Meshesha (Brown University)H-Index: 6
#2Elizabeth R. Aston (Brown University)H-Index: 10
Last. Ana M. Abrantes (Brown University)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Background Depression and alcohol craving predict drinking and relapse rates among alcohol treatment seekers. Alcohol demand, or one’s valuation of alcohol may be another determinant of drinking. There is little known about alcohol demand and its association with depression, craving, and drinking among treatment-seeking adults. Method Participants were 71 women with elevated depressive symptoms seeking outpatient treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD). At baseline, participants self-r...
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#1Julianne C. Flanagan (MUSC: Medical University of South Carolina)H-Index: 12
#2Amber M. Jarnecke (MUSC: Medical University of South Carolina)H-Index: 5
Last. Daniel W. Oesterle (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract Objective Social stress in the form of maladaptive relationship conflict is a common precipitant to alcohol misuse and problems. Research has also established a clear causal association between alcohol misuse and relationship conflict in the form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Despite the robust literature linking relationship conflict and problematic drinking using survey methodology, no laboratory studies have examined the proximal association between relationship conflict and al...
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#1Skyler Sklenarik (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 1
#2Marc N. Potenza (Yale University)H-Index: 83
Last. Robert S. Astur (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 27
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Abstract Repeated engagement in addictive behaviors may lead to relatively automatic action tendencies whereby individuals approach rather than avoid addictive stimuli. This study assessed whether an approach bias for erotic stimuli exists among heterosexual college-aged females who report using pornography. We tested 121 female undergraduates using an approach-avoidance task (AAT) employing both erotic and neutral stimuli, during which participants were instructed to push or pull a gaming joyst...
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#1Lorra Garey (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 11
#2Michael J. Zvolensky (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 68
Last. Marcantonio M. Spada (LSBU: London South Bank University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Third wave cognitive and behavioral therapies have garnered significant attention in the study and treatment of addiction. Such treatments employ a process-oriented, transdiagnostic approach to mitigate problematic thought and behavioral patterns and consequences associated with substance use. Although initial evidence is promising, much remains unknown regarding the impact of third wave processes on substance use behavior and treatment outcomes. Additionally, more work is needed to elu...
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#1S OrlowskiH-Index: 1
Last. H.-J. RumpfH-Index: 21
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Background Previous studies have shown that particular types of gambling are related to the development of gambling-related problems. Further, gambling-related cognitive distortions contribute to the development of disordered gambling. The aim of the present study is to compare different gambling types with respect to cognitive distortions and the development of disordered gambling. Methods Based on a proactively screened sample of vocational school students (N = 6718), 309 students wer...
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#1Sehun Oh (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 1
#2Michael G. Vaughn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 49
Last. Mariana Sanchez (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Purpose Based on a nationally representative adult sample, the present study examined the prevalence and trends of driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol in the United States from 2002 to 2017. Methods Using data from the 2002-2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the prevalence of DUI of alcohol in 2012−2017 were estimated to test for changes in trend and to identify populations at elevated risks of alcohol-involved driving. Results Since 2002, the prevalence of DUI of alc...
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