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Prevention Science
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#1Sally I-Chun Kuo (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 8
#2Jessica E. Salvatore (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 14
Last.Danielle M. Dick (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 58
view all 6 authors...
Alcohol problems are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Evidence from twin models and measured gene-environment interaction studies has demonstrated that the importance of genetic influences changes as a function of the environment. Research has also shown that family-centered interventions may protect genetically susceptible youth from developing substance use problems. In this study, we brought large-scale gene identification findings into an intervention study to examine ge...
#1Kaymarlin Govender (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 13
#2Richard G. Cowden (University of the Free State)H-Index: 4
Last.Candice Reardon (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 6
view all 6 authors...
Adolescent sexual risk behavior has typically been studied within singular, isolated systems. Using a multi-system approach, this study examined a combination of individual, proximal, and distal factors in relation to sexual risk behavior among adolescents. A large cross-sectional sample of 2561 adolescent (Mage = 14.92, SDage = 1.70) males (n = 1282) and females in Grades 8 (n = 1225) and 10 completed a range of self-report measures. Hierarchical ordinal logistic regression results supported a ...
#1Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell (Anschutz Medical Campus)H-Index: 18
#2Alicia C. Mousseau (UM: University of Montana)H-Index: 2
Last.Carol E. Kaufman (Anschutz Medical Campus)H-Index: 18
view all 10 authors...
Initiation of substance use often occurs earlier among American Indian (AI) youth than among other youth in the USA, bringing increased risk for a variety of poor health and developmental outcomes. Effective prevention strategies are needed, but the evidence base remains thin for this population. Research makes clear that prevention strategies need to be culturally coherent; programs with an evidence base in one population cannot be assumed to be effective in another. However, guidance on effect...
#1Mariya Petrova (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 6
#2Charles R. Martinez (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 16
Last.Seth J. Schwartz (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 58
view all 7 authors...
In this article, we highlight the urgent public health need for prevention of heavy episodic drinking among underage Hispanic emerging adults in the USA. We outline the current state of binge drinking prevention programming and contrast it with the unique cultural, social, and developmental realities of this population using an ecodevelopmental framework (Szapocznik and Coatsworth 1999). Finally, we advance specific recommendations for the development and delivery of culturally tailored, multisy...
#1Anu RanjitH-Index: 1
#2Jadwiga BuchwaldH-Index: 3
Last.Tellervo KorhonenH-Index: 28
view all 8 authors...
Longitudinal, genetically informative studies of the association between cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms among adolescents are limited. We examined the longitudinal association of cigarette smoking with subsequent depressive symptoms during adolescence in a Finnish twin cohort. We used prospective data from the population-based FinnTwin12 study (maximum N = 4152 individuals, 1910 twin pairs). Current smoking status and a number of lifetime cigarettes smoked were assessed at the age of ...
#1Jenita Parekh (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 3
#2Barbara Devaney (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 55
Last.Jacky M. Jennings (JHBMC: Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Whether high adherence to programs is necessary to achieve program outcomes is an area of great debate. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency, type, and rationale of adaptations made in the implementation of an evidence-based program and to determine program outcomes for intervention program participants, as compared to comparison participants, by the level of adaptations. A total of 1608 participants in 45 classrooms participated. Percent adaptations was calculated by cla...
#1Rick Kosterman (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 33
#2J. David Hawkins (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 72
Last.Robert D. Abbott (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 75
view all 6 authors...
Elementary schools can be effective sites for universal preventive interventions. Less is known about how long effects of intervention in elementary grades last. Can they improve outcomes in adulthood? To test effects of a social developmental intervention in the elementary grades on adult life through the 30s, the Seattle Social Development Project, a nonrandomized controlled trial, followed all consenting 5th-grade students (N = 808) from 18 Seattle public elementary schools from age 10 (in 19...
#1Gregory Phillips (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 20
#2Balint Neray (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
Last.Brian Mustanski (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 44
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Despite demonstrated efficacy, uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains low, particularly among high-risk demographics such as transgender women, Black men who have sex with men (BMSM), and young MSM (YMSM). Research thus far has largely focused on individual factors that may impede PrEP uptake in these demographics, leaving social network factors relatively unexplored. The present study used data collected from participants within RADAR, a longitudinal cohort study in Chicago focus...
#1Derrick D. Matthews (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 12
#2Jordan M. Sang (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 2
Last.Ron Stall (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 69
view all 7 authors...
HIV testing remains a critical point of entry to HIV treatment services and now biomedical prevention as well. Yet despite the high HIV prevalence among Black men who have sex with men (MSM), insufficient attention has been given to factors associated with those Black MSM in the United States who have never received an HIV test in their lifetime. Promoting Our Worth, Equality, & Resilience (POWER) is a cross-sectional observational study that recruited Black MSM at Black Pride events across six ...
Last.Sandra I. McCoy (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
Evidence of the effectiveness of programs to change gendered social norms related to intimate partner violence (IPV) is growing, but their potential to significantly impact actual occurrence of IPV at population level is lacking. We study whether modest changes in gendered social norms related to wife-beating can result in significant changes in the incidence of emotional, physical, and sexual IPV among ever married women in Uganda. We employ an imputation-based causal inference approach, based ...
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