Papers 4420
1 page of 442 pages (4,420 results)
#1Suraj Gupta (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 1
#2Gustavo Arango-Argoty (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 4
Last.Peter J. Vikesland (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
The interconnectivities of built and natural environments can serve as conduits for the proliferation and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Several studies have compared the broad spectrum of ARGs (i.e., “resistomes”) in various environmental compartments, but there is a need to identify unique ARG occurrence patterns (i.e., “discriminatory ARGs”), characteristic of each environment. Such an approach will help to identify factors influencing ARG proliferation, facilitate devel...
#1Markus Krummenacker (SRI: SRI International)H-Index: 11
#2Mario Latendresse (SRI: SRI International)H-Index: 19
Last.Peter D. Karp (SRI: SRI International)H-Index: 56
view all 3 authors...
Background Microbiomes are complex aggregates of organisms, each of which has its own extensive metabolic network. A variety of metabolites are exchanged between the microbes. The challenge we address is understanding the overall metabolic capabilities of a microbiome: through what series of metabolic transformations can a microbiome convert a starting compound to an ending compound?
#1Pierre H. H. Schneeberger (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 8
#2Janice Prescod (U of T: University of Toronto)
Last.Bryan Coburn (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
Background It is now possible to comprehensively characterize the microbiota of the lungs using culture-independent, sequencing-based assays. Several sample types have been used to investigate the lung microbiota, each presenting specific challenges for preparation and analysis of microbial communities. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) enables the identification of microbiota specific to the lower lung but commonly has low bacterial density, increasing the risk of false-positive signal from c...
#1Rachael E. Antwis (University of Salford)H-Index: 9
#2Katie L. Edwards (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 6
Last.Susanne Shultz (University of Manchester)H-Index: 30
view all 5 authors...
Host microbiomes play a role in hormone production and subsequent fertility in humans, but this is less well understood in non-model organisms. This is of particular relevance to species in zoo-based conservation breeding programmes, as relationships between host microbiome composition and reproductive output may allow for the development of microbial augmentation strategies to improve success. Here, we characterise faecal bacterial communities of breeding and non-breeding eastern black rhino (D...
#1Hong-Hong Liu (Peking Union Medical College Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2Xi Chen (Peking Union Medical College Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last.Chenhong Zhang (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)H-Index: 20
view all 17 authors...
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with gut microbiota alterations in different populations. Gut microbe-derived metabolites have been proposed as markers of major adverse cardiac events. However, the relationship between the gut microbiome and the different stages of CAD pathophysiology remains to be established by a systematic study. Based on multi-omic analyses (sequencing of the V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA gene and metabolomics) of 161 CAD patients and 40 healthy controls, we foun...
#1Aleksei A. Korzhenkov (Kurchatov Institute)H-Index: 5
#2Stepan V. Toshchakov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 10
Last.Olga V. Golyshina (Bangor University)H-Index: 27
view all 10 authors...
Background The current view suggests that in low-temperature acidic environments, archaea are significantly less abundant than bacteria. Thus, this study of the microbiome of Parys Mountain (Anglesey, UK) sheds light on the generality of this current assumption. Parys Mountain is a historically important copper mine and its acid mine drainage (AMD) water streams are characterised by constant moderate temperatures (8–18 °C), extremely low pH (1.7) and high concentrations of soluble iron and other...
#1So-Jeong KimH-Index: 15
#2Jong-Geol Kim (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 13
Last.Sung-Keun Rhee (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 32
view all 16 authors...
Background Polynyas in the Southern Ocean are regions of intense primary production, mainly by Phaeocystis antarctica. Carbon fixed by phytoplankton in the water column is transferred to higher trophic levels, and finally, to the deep ocean. However, in the Amundsen Sea, most of this organic carbon does not reach the sediment but is degraded in the water column due to high bacterial heterotrophic activity.
#1Hui Yao (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Xiang Sun (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 12
Last.Liang-Dong Guo (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 34
view all 6 authors...
Revealing the relationship between plants and fungi is very important in understanding biodiversity maintenance, community stability, and ecosystem functioning. However, differences in the community and network structures of phyllosphere epiphytic and endophytic fungi are currently poorly documented. In this study, we examined epiphytic and endophytic fungal communities associated with the leaves of six mangrove species using Illumina MiSeq sequencing of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequ...
#1Jiwen Liu (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 10
#2Yanfen Zheng (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 5
Last.Xiao-Hua Zhang (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 24
view all 20 authors...
The Mariana Trench is the deepest known site in the Earth’s oceans, reaching a depth of ~ 11,000 m at the Challenger Deep. Recent studies reveal that hadal waters harbor distinctive microbial planktonic communities. However, the genetic potential of microbial communities within the hadal zone is poorly understood. Here, implementing both culture-dependent and culture-independent methods, we perform extensive analysis of microbial populations and their genetic potential at different depths in the...
#1Hyun Jik Kim (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 15
#2Ara Jo (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 2
Last.재영 최 (Yonsei University)H-Index: 21
view all 7 authors...
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the most abundant colonizers of healthy human mucosa including that in the respiratory tract. As the respiratory microbiome has been linked to host immune responses, this study sought to determine the role of nasal mucosa-associated S. epidermidis in innate immune responses against the influenza A virus (IAV). S. epidermidis strains were isolated from nasal mucus samples of healthy individuals. The effects of these mucosa-derived commensal strains on interfer...