Environmental Research
Papers 7723
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#1Jianzhao Bi (Emory University)H-Index: 2
#2Jennifer Stowell (Emory University)H-Index: 2
Last.Yang Liu (Emory University)H-Index: 70
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Abstract Regulatory monitoring networks are often too sparse to support community-scale PM2.5 exposure assessment while emerging low-cost sensors have the potential to fill in the gaps. To date, limited studies, if any, have been conducted to utilize low-cost sensor measurements to improve PM2.5 prediction with high spatiotemporal resolutions based on statistical models. Imperial County in California is an exemplary region with sparse Air Quality System (AQS) monitors and a community-operated lo...
#1Esther García-Esquinas (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 16
#2M. Carrasco-Rios (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)
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Abstract Background Muscle strength is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality in the general population. Recent studies have shown an association between environmental pollution and declined grip strength. No previous research has evaluated the specific association between cadmium exposure, a well-known risk factor of several chronic diseases, and muscle strength. Methods Cross-sectional study among 4,197 individuals aged ≥40 years, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examin...
#1Cheng-Yang Hu (Anhui Medical University)H-Index: 2
#2Xiang Gao (Anhui Medical University)
Last.Xiu-Jun Zhang (Anhui Medical University)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Background Previous studies have shown that ambient air pollution exposure can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) significantly. In consideration of the common underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, exposure to air pollution may also increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but the current evidence was inconsistent and has not well been systematically reviewed. Our goal was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the association bet...
#1Ethan Walker (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 5
#2Kristen M. Fedak (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 5
Last.Jennifer L. Peel (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract: Household air pollution emitted from solid-fuel cookstoves used for domestic cooking is a leading risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality globally. There have been attempts to design and distribute lower emission cookstoves, yet it is unclear if they meaningfully improve health. Using a crossover design, we assessed differences in central aortic hemodynamics and arterial stiffness following controlled exposures to air pollution emitted from five different cookstove technologi...
#1Heshu Li (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 1
#2Dong Wang (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 13
Last.Jianyun ZhangH-Index: 11
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Abstract: Hydrometric information collected by monitoring networks is fundamental for effective management of water resources. In recent years, entropy-based multi-objective criterions have been developed for the evaluation and optimization of hydrometric networks, and copula functions have been frequently used in hydrological frequency analysis to model multivariate dependence structures. This study developed a dual entropy-transinformation criterion (DETC) to identify and prioritize significan...
#1Josep Sanchís (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 13
#2Anna Freixa (University of Girona)H-Index: 8
Last.Marinella Farré (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 45
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Abstract Fullerenes are carbon nanomaterials that have awaken a strong interest due to their adsorption properties and potential applications in many fields. However, there are some gaps of information about their effects and bioconcentration potential in the aquatic biota. In the present work, freshwater biofilms and snails (Radix sp.) were exposed to fullerene C60 aggregates, at concentrations in the low μg/L order, in mesocosms specifically designed to mimic the conditions of a natural stream...
#1Thomas Z. Di Lenardo (McGill University)H-Index: 3
#2Brian J. Ward (McGill University)H-Index: 34
Last.Jonathan Chevrier (McGill University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Background While successes have been achieved in reducing global exposure to lead, few studies have investigated the potential health effects of low-level exposure (e.g. blood lead levels [BLLs] below the CDC reference level of 5 μg/dL), particularly among children from low- and middle-income countries. In addition, lead is immunotoxic in animals but human data on immune response to vaccines is limited. Our aim was to determine whether low-level exposure to lead is associated with humor...
#1Martin Söderholm (Lund University)H-Index: 8
#2Yan Borné (Lund University)H-Index: 13
Last.Gunnar Engström (Lund University)H-Index: 58
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Abstract Background Cadmium is a toxic metal and exposure is mainly from diet and tobacco smoke. Cadmium is accumulated in blood vessels and may reduce synthesis of procollagen and inhibit proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. High blood cadmium has been associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We examined whether blood cadmium increase the risk of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Methods The Malmo Diet and Cancer cohort (n = ...
#1William Mueller (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 3
#2Susanne SteinleH-Index: 6
Last.Miranda M LohH-Index: 13
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Abstract Background/Aim The exposome includes urban greenspace, which may affect health via a complex set of pathways, including reducing exposure to particulate matter (PM) and noise. We assessed these pathways using indoor exposure monitoring data from the HEALS study in four European urban areas (Edinburgh, UK; Utrecht, Netherlands; Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece). Methods We quantified three metrics of residential greenspace at 50 m and 100 m buffers: Normalised Difference Vegetation Index ...
#1Lindsay Emer (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 2
#2Amy E. Kalkbrenner (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 14
Last.Lance S. Weinhardt (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 32
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Abstract Childhood lead exposure impairs future decision-making and may influence criminal behavior, but its role in future firearm violence is unclear. Using public health, education, and criminal justice datasets linked at the individual level, we studied a population-based cohort of all persons born between June 1, 1986 and December 31, 2003 with a valid blood lead test before age 6 years and stable Milwaukee residency (n = 89,129). We estimated associations with firearm violence perpetration...
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Environmental health