Biomass & Bioenergy
Papers 5762
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#1R. Uma Maheswari (NIT DGP: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur)
#2Musthafa O. Mavukkandy (Khalifa University)H-Index: 9
Last.Hassan A. Arafat (Khalifa University)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Lignin forms a recalcitrant structure in lignocellulosic biomass and hence huge amount of enzymes are required for disintegrating it into their subsequent components, like glucose and other by-products. Thus, the pretreatment is an ineluctable step in the bioethanol scheme for the delignification of biomass and also the recovery of lignin, an emerging value added polymer in many industrial applications. A green facile method was developed wherein humic acid (HA) acts as a catalyst and s...
#1Aicha Asma Houfani (University of Béjaïa)
#2Nico Anders (RWTH Aachen University)H-Index: 7
Last.Said Benallaoua (University of Béjaïa)H-Index: 10
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Abstract Lignocellulose, the most abundant and renewable resource on Earth is an important raw material, which can be converted into high value products. However, to this end, it needs to be pretreated physically, chemically, or biologically. Its complex structure and recalcitrance against physical, chemical, or biological degradation render its breakdown an important target of study. The understanding of the enzymatic processes of lignocellulose breakdown and the changes in its chemistry are th...
#2Maria C. Fernandes (Instituto Politécnico de Beja)H-Index: 7
Last.Giovanni MauromicaleH-Index: 26
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Abstract The globe artichoke [Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (L.) Fiori] produces large amounts of residues after harvesting. Such biomass could be exploited for energy purposes and, for obvious reasons, does not compete with food production. In this work, the production of residues from the cultivars Apollo and Violetto di Sicilia, grown in Ramacca (Sicily), and from the cultivar Spinoso sardo, grown in Siracusa (Sicily), has been evaluated over a two year period. The average biomass producti...
#1Khanh-Quang Tran (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 21
#2Sebastian Werle (Silesian University of Technology)H-Index: 13
Last.Marta PogrzebaH-Index: 10
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Abstract Biomass obtained from phytoremediation energy crops Miscanthus x giganteus and Sida hermaphrodita planted on different soils contaminated with heavy metals was thermogravimetrically studied and kinetically analyzed, assuming a three-pseudocomponent model. The results showed that Miscanthus x giganteus was able to uptake more heavy metals than Sida hermaphrodita. Soil influences on the fuel and thermal properties the crops were observed. The ash content of the biomass exhibited a negativ...
#1Ozge Nayman Tiryaki (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 1
#2Sibel Irmak (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 18
Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate gasification performances of various corn kernel varieties (field corn, non-genetically modified (non-GMO) field corn, yellow field corn, white field corn and popcorn) for hydrogen gas production by aqueous-phase reforming (APR) using activated carbon supported platinum catalyst. Corn kernels were solubilized in 200°C-subcritical water medium under 13.79 MPa CO2 pressure before use. The hydrolysates obtained from hydrolysis process were rich in...
#1Michael L. Balch (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 1
#2Meghan B. Chamberlain (Dartmouth College)
Last.Lee R. Lynd (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 60
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Abstract Mechanical disruption of lignocellulose during fermentation, cotreatment, is a nascent approach to increase biologically-mediated carbohydrate solubilization without exposure to high temperatures or chemicals. However, ability to tolerate the presence of milling at intensities sufficient to allow high lignocellulose solubilization yields has to date only been evaluated for Clostridium thermocellum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and demonstration of high carbohydrate solubilization has on...
#1Muhammad Fadhli Kamaruzaman (UKM: National University of Malaysia)
#2Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 23
Last.Darfizzi Derawi (UKM: National University of Malaysia)H-Index: 3
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Abstract The utilization of non-edible and low-cost feedstock in bioenergy research is getting more attention in recent decades. Catalytic deoxygenation of fatty acids from waste oil feedstocks is a promising route to produce diesel-like hydrocarbons. Here we report the conversion of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD), a low-value side product of physical refining of crude palm oil, into green diesel using a solventless and hydrogen-free deoxygenation (DO) reaction using catalytic deoxygenation o...
#1Walter Zegada-Lizarazu (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 11
#2Silvio Salvi (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 35
Last.Andrea Monti (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Given the sterility of giant reed (Arundo donax L.), mutagenesis can be a valid strategy to increase genetic diversity in the species and to enable the selection of superior genotypes with new agronomic and qualitative characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative traits of selected three-year old giant reed mutants (UniBO3; Line10; and Line11). The mutants' performance was evaluated in comparison to the local non-mutagenized ecotype (Arun...
#1Jiuan Jing Chew (Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus)H-Index: 3
#2Megan Soh (Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus)H-Index: 1
Last.Sankar Bhattacharya (Monash University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Torrefaction is an attractive pre-treatment route to enhance the fuel properties of oil palm biomass before their utilisation in thermochemical process. This work evaluates the effect of torrefaction on the gasification behaviours and kinetics of three oil palm biomass, i.e., EFB, MF, and PKS. Three well-known kinetics models, i.e., modified volume reaction model (MVRM), random pore model (RPM), and modified random pore model (MRPM) were used to correlate the conversion rate, d X / d t ...
#1Mariam Alhattab (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 2
#2Marianne Su-Ling Brooks (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 16
Abstract Surfactant-aided dispersed air flotation was investigated as a low cost microalgae harvesting technique for biodiesel, using the microalgae Chlorella saccharophila and the surfactant CTAB (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide). Response Surface Methodology (Box-Behnken design) was used for optimization of both recovery and concentration factor. The effects of CTAB concentration, column height, pH and air flow rate were investigated. The measured responses were initially analyzed separately t...
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