European Journal of Neuroscience
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#1Bruno Rossion (University of Lorraine)H-Index: 67
#2Talia L. Retter (University of Luxembourg)
Last. Joan Liu-Shuang (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 1
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To investigate face individuation (FI), a critical brain function in the human species, an oddball fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) approach was recently introduced (Liu-Shuang et al., 2014). In this paradigm, an image of an unfamiliar "base" facial identity is repeated at a rapid rate F (e.g., 6 Hz) and different unfamiliar "oddball" facial identities are inserted every nth item, at a F/n rate (e.g., every 5th item, 1.2 Hz). This stimulation elicits FI responses at F/n and its harmonics ...
#1Rebecca Barnstaple (York University)H-Index: 1
#2Janna Protzak (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 1
Last. Klaus Gramann (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 25
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Neuroscience of dance is an emerging field with important applications related to health and well-being, as dance has shown potential to foster adaptive neuroplasticity and is increasingly popular as a therapeutic activity or adjunct therapy for people living with conditions such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's Diseases. However, the multimodal nature of dance presents challenges to researchers aiming to identify mechanisms involved when dance is used to combat neurodegeneration or support health...
#1Naveen Sendhilnathan (Columbia University)H-Index: 1
#2Debaleena Basu (IISc: Indian Institute of Science)H-Index: 2
Last. Aditya Murthy (IISc: Indian Institute of Science)H-Index: 16
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The conventional approach to understanding neural responses underlying complex computations is to study across-trial averages of repeatedly performed computations from single neurons. When neurons perform complex computations, such as processing stimulus-related information or motor planning, it has been repeatedly shown, through measures such as the Fano factor (FF), that neural variability across trials decreases. However, multiple neurons contribute to a common computation on a single trial, ...
#1Christina Yi Jin (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 1
#2Jelmer P. Borst (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 17
Last. Marieke K. van Vugt (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 11
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Mind-wandering is a ubiquitous mental phenomenon that is defined as self-generated thought irrelevant to the ongoing task. Mind-wandering tends to occur when people are in a low-vigilance state or when they are performing a very easy task. In the current study, we investigated whether mind-wandering is completely dependent on vigilance and current task demands, or whether it is an independent phenomenon. To this end, we trained support vector machine (SVM) classifiers on EEG data in conditions o...
#1Zhi-Qin John Xu (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)H-Index: 4
#2Xiaowei Gu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Last. David W. McLaughlin (CIMS: Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences)H-Index: 41
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Cortical networks are complex systems of a great many interconnected neurons that operate from collective dynamical states. To understand how cortical neural networks function, it is important to identify their common dynamical operating states from the probabilistic viewpoint. Probabilistic characteristics of these operating states often underlie network functions. Here, using multi-electrode data from three separate experiments, we identify and characterize a cortical operating state (the "pro...
#1Kristine M. Ulrichsen (University of Oslo)H-Index: 5
#2Dag Alnæs (Oslo University Hospital)H-Index: 18
Last. Jan Egil NordvikH-Index: 10
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Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is prevalent among stroke patients, but its mechanisms are poorly understood. Many patients with PSF experience cognitive difficulties, but studies aiming to identify cognitive correlates of PSF have been largely inconclusive. With the aim of characterizing the relationship between subjective fatigue and attentional function, we collected behavioral data using the attention network test (ANT) and self-reported fatigue scores using the fatigue severity scale (FSS) from 5...
#1Fanny Jaudon (IIT: Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)H-Index: 1
#2Agnes Thalhammer (IIT: Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)H-Index: 15
Last. Lorenzo A. Cingolani (IIT: Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)H-Index: 15
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Integrins are extracellular matrix receptors that mediate biochemical and mechanical bi-directional signals between the extracellular and intracellular environment of a cell thanks to allosteric conformational changes. In the brain, they are found in both neurons and glial cells, where they play essential roles in several aspects of brain development and function, such as cell migration, axon guidance, synaptogenesis, synaptic plasticity and neuro-inflammation. Although there are many successful...
#1Niall W. Duncan (TMU: Taipei Medical University)H-Index: 20
#2Tzu Yu Hsu (TMU: Taipei Medical University)H-Index: 10
Last. Timothy Joseph Lane (TMU: Taipei Medical University)H-Index: 9
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The brain's intrinsic activity plays a fundamental role in its function. In normal conditions this activity is responsive to behavioural context, changing as an individual switches between directed tasks and task-free conditions. A key feature of such changes is the movement of the brain between corresponding critical and sub-critical states, with these dynamics supporting efficient cognitive processing. Breakdowns in processing efficiency can occur, however, in brain disorders such as depressio...
#1Lesley J. Rogers (UNE: University of New England (Australia))H-Index: 57
In their important paper Letzner et al. (2020) have reported convincing evidence of asymmetry in the tectofugal projections of the pigeon, an altricial species. The asymmetry develops in the midline-crossing neuronal axons projecting from each optic tectum to its contralateral nucleus rotundus, and it develops in response to light exposure of the embryo. This finding invites comparison to development of visual asymmetry in precocial species, as indeed discussed by Letzner at al. (2020).
#1Johanna Frost Nylen (KI: Karolinska Institutet)
#2Ilaria Carannante (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)
Last. Jeanette Hellgren Kotaleski (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 19
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The striatum is the main input stage of the basal ganglia receiving extrinsic input from cortex and thalamus. The striatal projection neurons (SPN) constitute 95% of the neurons in the striatum in mice while the remaining 5% are cholinergic and GABAergic interneurons. The cholinergic (ChIN) and low threshold spiking interneurons (LTS) are spontaneously active, and form a striatal subnetwork involved in salience detection and goal-directed learning. Activation of ChINs have been shown to inhibit ...
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