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BMC Infectious Diseases
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Background Despite the adoption of the provider-initiated HIV testing strategy, the rate of HIV testing is still very low in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with HIV testing among sexually active women and men in Senegal. Knowledge of HIV status is the gateway to antiretroviral treatment.
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#1Thomas Inns (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 7
#2Deb Wilson (PHE: Public Health England)
Last. Roberto Vivancos (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 15
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Background Outbreaks of infectious gastroenteritis are common in care homes for the elderly. Norovirus can cause these outbreaks, but diagnosis is frequently based solely on clinical characteristics. Our objective in this study was to describe the epidemiology of norovirus and other gastrointestinal pathogens in these settings.
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#1Malik SallamH-Index: 2
Last. Gülsen Özkaya Sahin (Lund University)H-Index: 1
view all 10 authors...
Background: Nucleic acid hybridization (NAH) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a practical and reliable tool for virus genotyping. Genotype assignment is an important factor in the prediction of treatment success in chronic hepatitis C patients. The aim of this study was to determine the genotype distribution among HCV clinical isolates in Jordan between 2007 and 2018. Methods: Electronic and paper-based clinical data registry records from 2007 to 2018 at the Jordan University Hospital (JUH) were re...
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BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus infection is the most frequent viral congenital infection, with possible consequences such as deafness, or psychomotor retardation. In 2016, the French High Council of Public Health was mandated to update recommendations regarding prevention of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women. We summarize a critical appraisal of knowledge and deterministic decision analysis comparing the current no-screening situation to serological screening during pregnancy, and to hygie...
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#1Jiaojiao Gao (Academy of Medical Sciences, United Kingdom)
#2Lili Xu (Academy of Medical Sciences, United Kingdom)
Last. Kunling Shen (Academy of Medical Sciences, United Kingdom)
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BACKGROUND Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is an important pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. The coinfection rate of M. pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) can reach 52% in some areas, but the effects of coinfection with different pathogens have not been clearly recognized. METHODS The cases of MPP hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital from 1/1/2014 to 12/31/2016 were screened. MPP patients coinfected with Human adenovirus (HAdV) were categorized into the research gr...
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#1Carmen Olmos (Hospital Clínico San Carlos)H-Index: 12
#2Isidre Vilacosta (Hospital Clínico San Carlos)H-Index: 4
view all 16 authors...
BACKGROUND Most serious complications of infective endocarditis (IE) appear in the so-called "critical phase" of the disease, which represents the first days after diagnosis. The majority of patients overcoming the acute phase has a favorable outcome, yet they remain hospitalized for a long period of time mainly to complete antibiotic therapy. The major hypothesis of this trial is that in patients with clinically stable IE and adequate response to antibiotic treatment, without signs of persisten...
1 CitationsSource
#1Magnus Unemo (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 40
#2M. Hansen (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 1
Last. Pham Thi Lan (Hanoi Medical University)H-Index: 6
view all 13 authors...
Four new variants of Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCTs), detected in several countries, cause false-negative or equivocal results using the Aptima Combo 2 assay (AC2; Hologic). We evaluated the clinical sensitivity and specificity, as well as the analytical inclusivity and exclusivity of the updated AC2 for the detection of CT and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) on the automated Panther system (Hologic). We examined 1004 clinical AC2 samples and 225 analytical samples spiked with phenotypically and/or gen...
1 CitationsSource
#1Fei Xu (Jiangnan University)
Last. Yonghua Zhou (Jiangnan University)H-Index: 1
view all 9 authors...
BACKGROUND Mounting evidence suggested a complex correlation between host lipid metabolism and Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection. However, the inherent association between T. gondii infection and host lipid state remains elusive either in mice or in human hosts. METHODS Through a study in a sample of 1045 healthy participants from eastern China, we determined the association of T. gondii infection and host lipid levels using serological methods. We then examined the host lipid levels in C5...
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#1Carlo Torti (Magna Græcia University)H-Index: 33
#2Maria Mazzitelli (Magna Græcia University)H-Index: 2
Last. Owachi DariusH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
The SARS-CoV-2, which emerged from East Asia in December 2019, has rapidly evolved into a global pandemic infecting close to 7 million people. The current uncertainties regarding its impact on Africa calls for critical monitoring of the evolution of the pandemic and correlation of factors that influence the burden of the disease. We herein discuss possible implications of SARS-CoV-2 on the African continent.
2 CitationsSource
#1Yue Ren (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))
#2Hairui Wang (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 1
Last. Zhaoyu Liu (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 4
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BACKGROUND Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is the primary pathogen associated with pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). Moreover, there has been an increase in the proportion of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing KP. However, the clinical and computed tomography (CT) features of liver abscesses caused by ESBL-producing KP have not been separately described. We aimed to compare the clinical and CT features present in patients with ESBL-producing and non-ESBL-producing KP as well as to deter...
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