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American Journal of Epidemiology
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#1Anne Elie CarsinH-Index: 17
#2Dirk Keidel (Swiss TPH: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute)H-Index: 19
Last. I. HuertaH-Index: 2
view all 34 authors...
A restrictive spirometry pattern is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Whether practicing regular physical activity protects against this pattern has never been studied. We estimated the association between regular physical activity and the incidence of restrictive spirometry pattern. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and physical activity were assessed between 2000-2002 in the ECRHS (n=2,757, 39-67 years) and SAPALDIA (n=2,610, 36-82 years) popu...
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#1Amelia K. Wesselink (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 7
#2Kathryn A Bresnick (Center for Excellence in Education)
Last. Lauren A. Wise (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 44
view all 8 authors...
Pain reliever use has been associated with both lower and higher risks of adverse reproductive outcomes in animals. The sole investigation of male pain reliever use and fertility in humans reported a 35% reduction in fecundability among men with urinary acetaminophen concentrations in the highest (>73.5 ng/ml) vs. lowest (<5.4 ng/ml) quartile. We analyzed data from 1,956 men participating in Pregnancy Study Online, a preconception cohort of North American couples enrolled between 2013 and 2019. ...
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#1Hilary K. Brown (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 14
Out-of-home care in childhood and adolescence has been shown to be associated with elevated risk for all-cause mortality in adulthood, with adverse socioeconomic, psychosocial, and health-related trajectories hypothesized to mediate this relationship. In the research letter by Batty and Hamer (Am J Epidemiol. XXXX;XXX(XX):XXXX-XXXX), the authors used data from the 1970 British birth cohort (n=8,581) to examine risk of biomarkers for mortality in adults with a history of out-of-home care. While m...
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#1G. David Batty (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 66
#2Mark Hamer (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 69
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#1G. David Batty (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 66
#2Mark Hamer (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 69
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#1Sunni L. MumfordH-Index: 28
#2Erica B. Johnstone (UofU: University of Utah)H-Index: 12
view all 12 authors...
Diet, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors may influence fertility for men and women, though evidence is mixed, and couple-based approaches are needed for assessing associations with reproductive outcomes. The Impact of Diet, Exercise, and Lifestyle on Fertility (IDEAL) study is a prospective cohort with contemporaneous detailed follow-up of female partners of men enrolled in the Folic Acid and Zinc Supplementation Trial studying couples seeking infertility treatment (2016-2019). Follow-up of men...
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More than 1.6 million Americans have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 and >10 times that number carry antibodies to it. High-risk patients presenting with progressing symptomatic disease have only hospitalization treatment with its high mortality. An outpatient treatment that prevents hospitalization is desperately needed. Two candidate medications have been widely discussed: remdesivir, and hydroxychloroquine+azithromycin. Remdesivir has shown mild effectiveness in hospitalized inpatients, but no ...
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#1Y. Ma (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 1
#2Helen E. Jenkins (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 22
Last. Laura F. White (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 18
view all 8 authors...
Defined as the time between symptom onset of an infector and infectee pair, serial interval (SI) is commonly used to understand infectious diseases transmission. Slow progression to active disease, as well as the small percentage of individuals who will eventually develop active disease, complicate the estimation of the serial interval for tuberculosis (TB). In this paper, we showed via simulation studies that when there is credible information on the percentage of those who will develop TB dise...
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#1Murthy N. Mittinty (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 14
#2Stijn Vansteelandt (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 35
Abstract Mediation analysis is concerned with the decomposition of the total effect of an exposure on an outcome into the indirect effect through a given mediator, and the remaining direct effect. This is ideally done using longitudinal measurements of the mediator, as these capture the mediator process more finely. However, longitudinal measurements pose challenges for mediation analysis. This is because the mediators and outcomes measured at a given time-point can act as confounders for the as...
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#1Erline E Martinez-Miller (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)
#2Whitney R. Robinson (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 16
Last. Allison E. Aiello (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 49
view all 7 authors...
: US Latinos, a growing, aging population, are disproportionately burdened by cognitive decline and dementia. Modifiable risk factors are needed for interventions aimed at reducing risk. Broad sociocultural context may illuminate complex etiology among culturally diverse Latinos. Among N=1,418 older, predominately Mexican-descent, low-socioeconomic Latinos in Sacramento, CA, we examined whether US acculturation was associated with cognitive performance, decline, and dementia/cognitive impairment...
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