Match!
Progress in Brain Research
IF
2.96
Papers
6556
Papers 6561
1 page of 657 pages (6,561 results)
Newest
#1R. John Leigh (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 3
#2R. John Leigh (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 1
Last.David S. Zee (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 63
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Traditionally, clinicians have used their experience and intuition to diagnose and treat disease states, including neurological disorders. However, the rapid increase in basic knowledge, coupled with a realization that human judgments are often flawed, has made it helpful to approach many clinical disorders by casting them in the form of models (quantitative hypotheses) that can be tested experimentally; in this way the power of the scientific method can be applied. This is especially t...
#1Marieke K. van Vugt (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 11
#2Amir Moye (University of Bern)
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Analytical meditation and monastic debate are contemplative practices engaged in by Tibetan Buddhist monastics that have up to now been largely unexplored in Western contemplative science. The highly physical form of contemplative debating plays an important role in the monastic curriculum. Based on discussions and recorded interviews Tibetan monastic teachers and senior students at Sera Jey Monastic University and preliminary experiments, we outline an initial theory that elucidates th...
#1Anthony P. Zanesco (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 10
#2Ekaterina Denkova (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 9
Last.Amishi P. Jha (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Cognitive ability is a key selection criterion for entry into many elite professions. Herein, we investigate whether mindfulness training (MT) can enhance cognitive performance in elite military forces. The cognitive effects of a short-form 8-h MT program contextualized for military cohorts, referred to as Mindfulness-Based Attention Training (MBAT), were assessed. Servicemembers received either a 2-week ( n = 40) or 4-week ( n = 36) version of MBAT or no training (NTC, n = 44). Sustain...
Abstract Meditation induces physical and mental relaxation. Experimental evidence has also suggested that meditation enhances cognition. The relaxation (physical and mental) and cognitive enhancement are quite opposite tasks. It is quite surprising, how meditation produces these two quasi opposite effects. It is well known that continued practice of sensori-motor and cognitive maneuvering would result in enhanced capacity of attaining physical and mental relaxation through decreased sympathetic ...
Organisms are faced during their lives with an immense variety of environmental challenges and organism specific problems, for which they have to find adequate solutions in order to survive. Problem solving, in other words, is an essential dynamic survival mechanism, evolved to cope with disturbances in the ecological equilibrium. With the evolution of sensory systems as adaptations to specialized environments, the capacity to process large amounts of sensory information increased and, with that...
#1James N. Cousins (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 5
#2Guillén Fernández (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 70
Abstract Sleep plays a crucial role in memory stabilization and integration, yet many people obtain insufficient sleep. This review assesses what is known about the level of sleep deprivation that leads to impairments during encoding, consolidation and retrieval of declarative memories, and what can be determined about the underlying neurophysiological processes. Neuroimaging studies that deprived sleep after learning have provided some of the most compelling evidence for sleep's role in the lon...
#1Anna Sadnicka (St George's, University of London)H-Index: 1
#2Joseph M. Galea (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 22
Last.Mark J. Edwards (St George's, University of London)H-Index: 43
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Clinical movement disorders are classified by an algorithm implemented by a practising movement disorder specialist based on information extracted during the history and clinical examination of a patient. Most simply, dystonia, is a classifier which is reached when a predominant abnormality of posture is noted. In this chapter we summarize studies that have used a variety of techniques to probe beyond the clinical examination and study kinematic features experimentally. We also outline ...
#1Nathan Wood (University of Gloucestershire)
#2John K. Parker (University of Gloucestershire)H-Index: 5
Last.Lee J. Moore (University of Bath)H-Index: 13
view all 5 authors...
This study investigated the relationship between challenge and threat states and anaerobic power, core affect, perceived exertion, and self-focused attention during a competitive sprint cycling task. Thirty-five participants completed familiarization, baseline, and pressurized Wingate tests. Before the pressurized test, challenge and threat states were measured via self-report (demand resource evaluation score) and cardiovascular reactivity (challenge/threat index). After the pressurized test, r...
12345678910