Papers 4889
1 page of 489 pages (4,889 results)
Immunotherapies are promising approaches for treating hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) refractory to conventional therapies. However, a recent clinical trial of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) revealed that anti-tumor responses to ICIs are not satisfactory in HCC cases. Therefore, it is critical to identify molecular markers to predict outcome and develop novel combination therapies that enhance the efficacy of ICIs. Recently, several attempts have been made to classify HCC based on genome, ...
Radiotherapy is routinely used as a neoadjuvant, adjuvant or palliative treatment in various cancers. There is significant variation in clinical response to radiotherapy with or without traditional chemotherapy. Patients with a good response to radiotherapy demonstrate better clinical outcomes universally across different cancers. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway upregulation has been linked to radiotherapy resistance. We reviewed the current literature exploring the role of inhibiting targets along th...
#1K. WangH-Index: 3
Last. Qian Yang
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Substantial evidence manifests the occurrence of autoantibodies to tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) in the early stage of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and previous studies have mainly focused on known TAAs. In the present study, protein microarrays based on cancer driver genes were customized to screen TAAs. Subsequently, autoantibodies against selected TAAs in sera were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) in 1175 subjects of three independent datasets (verification dataset, ...
#1Hadas Bar-JosephH-Index: 6
#2Fedro PeccatoriH-Index: 39
Last. Irit Ben-AharonH-Index: 18
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Breast cancer is diagnosed in ~0.3% of pregnant women. Studies that have addressed gestational and neonatal outcomes of chemotherapy during pregnancy have demonstrated increased gestational complications including preeclampsia and intrauterine growth retardation. We hypothesized that anthracycline-induced gestational complications could be derived from direct toxicity on the placenta vasculature. Pregnant ICR mice (day E12.5) were treated with doxorubicin (DXR; 8 mg/kg) or saline, while their um...
#1Laura MarconatoH-Index: 19
#2Silvia SabattiniH-Index: 11
Last. Andrea Casadei-GardiniH-Index: 1
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Unresectable nodular and diffuse hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have a poor prognosis with limited treatment options. Systemic traditional chemotherapy has been only rarely reported, with unsatisfactory results. The aim of this prospective, non-randomized, non-blinded, single center clinical trial was to investigate safety profile, objective response rate, time to progression and overall survival of sorafenib in comparison with metronomic chemotherapy (MC) consisting of thalidomide, piroxicam an...
#1Dan G. DudaH-Index: 62
#2Simona DimaH-Index: 17
Last. Dana TomescuH-Index: 8
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Background: Improving surgical outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients would greatly benefit from biomarkers. Angiogenesis and inflammation are hallmarks of HCC progression and therapeutic targets. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated preoperative clinical variables and circulating (plasma) biomarkers of angiogenesis and inflammation in a cohort of HCC patients who underwent liver resection (LR) or transplantation (LT). Biomarker correlation with outcomes—freedom of liver recurrence...
#1Rajani RaiH-Index: 8
Last. Vishal ChandraH-Index: 10
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Sulforaphane exerts anti-cancer activity against multiple cancer types. Our objective was to evaluate utility of sulforaphane for endometrial cancer therapy. Sulforaphane reduced viability of endometrial cancer cell lines in association with the G2/M cell cycle arrest and cell division cycle protein 2 (Cdc2) phosphorylation, and intrinsic apoptosis. Inhibition of anchorage-independent growth, invasion, and migration of the cell lines was associated with sulforaphane-induced alterations in epithe...
#2Mihaela GhitaH-Index: 7
Last. Karl T. ButterworthH-Index: 25
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BioXmark® (Nanovi A/S, Denmark) is a novel fiducial marker based on a liquid, iodine-based and non-metallic formulation. BioXmark® has been clinically validated and reverse translated to preclinical models to improve cone-beam CT (CBCT) target delineation in small animal image-guided radiotherapy (SAIGRT). However, in phantom image analysis and in vivo evaluation of radiobiological response after the injection of BioXmark® are yet to be reported. In phantom measurements were performed to compare...
#1S. SchönbergerH-Index: 14
Last. Dagmar DillooH-Index: 26
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Outcome in high-risk patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell tumours (GCT) remains poor. Novel strategies enhancing therapeutic efficacy whilst limiting therapeutic burden are warranted, yet immunotherapy approaches geared towards activating endogenous antitumor responses have not been successful thus far. Redirection of cytotoxic effector cells by bispecific antibodies represents a promising approach in this setting. We demonstrate that the Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (EpCAM) is br...
#1Sarah LibringH-Index: 1
#2Aparna ShindeH-Index: 4
Last. Michael K. WendtH-Index: 26
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In breast cancer (BC), tissue stiffening via fibronectin (FN) and collagen accumulation is associated with advanced disease progression at both the primary tumor and metastatic sites. Here, we evaluate FN production in 15 BC cell lines, representing a variety of subtypes, phenotypes, metastatic potentials, and chemotherapeutic sensitivities. We demonstrate that intracellular and soluble FN is initially lost during tumorigenic transformation but is rescued in all lines with epithelial-mesenchymal...
Top fields of study
Cancer research