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Physiology & Behavior
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#1Wenqiang Li (Xinxiang Medical University)H-Index: 12
#2Fuping Sun (Xinxiang Medical University)
Last.Luxian Lv (Xinxiang Medical University)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signal transduction is known to be associated with neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation and as such may be related to the synaptic plasticity associated with cognitive function. Although antipsychotic drug studies have suggested a potential role for the ERK cascade in schizophrenia, the mechanistic basis is unknown. The maternal immune activation (MIA) rat model is a well-known to simulate many of the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia, i...
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#1Kathryn E. Speer (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 2
#2Stuart Semple (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 11
Last.Andrew J. McKune (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 13
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#1Lu Luo (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 1
#2Christine A. Jansen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 20
Last.Hendrik Karel Parmentier (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
view all 6 authors...
Abstract This study addressed the impact of early and later life environmental enrichment, and their combination, on specific antibody responses and peripheral blood leukocyte subpopulations in pigs. Pigs were kept in either barren (B1) or enriched (E1) housing from birth, and half of the pigs switched to barren or enriched housing on day 47, resulting in four treatment combinations: B1B2, B1E2, E1E2, E1E2). Pigs were immunized with keyhole limpet hemocyanin-conjugated trinitrophenyl (KLH-TNP) o...
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#2Sonia Rey (University of Stirling)H-Index: 10
Last.Neil DuncanH-Index: 20
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Abstract Individuals differ in how they cope with stressful situations along a behavioural continuum, being proactive and reactive at the extremes of this continuum. Proactive individuals are usually bold, highly active and take risks, while reactive organisms are generally shy, exhibit low activity and avoid risky situations. Definitions of stress coping styles state that proactive and reactive traits are consistent over time and across contexts. The present study evaluated the individual diffe...
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#1Alfonso Gutiérrez-Santiago (University of Vigo)H-Index: 5
#2R. Pereira-Rodríguez (University of Vigo)
Last.Iván Prieto-Lage (University of Vigo)
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Abstract The objective of the study is to discover and analyze the patterns of the technical and tactical moves that score in combat in taekwondo. We analyzed 209 moves that could be scored (male category,
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#1Fahimeh Mohseni (Shahroud University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Farzaneh Bagheri (Damghan University)H-Index: 1
Last.Mehdi Khaksari (Shahroud University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 10
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Abstract According to experimental and clinical findings, fetal brain development may be interrupted by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is thought to play a role in cognition function (i.e. learning and memory). Recent evidence suggests that ethanol administration causes major apoptotic neurodegeneration in many regions of the rats’ developing brain during the synaptogenesis period. Based on the recent studies, H2S improve learning and memory via inc...
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#1Brunna da Silva Vianna (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)
#2Caio Akira Miyai (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 6
Last.Tânia Marcia Costa (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Intertidal organisms rely on physiological and behavioral adjustments to maintain homeostasis under warm exposure. We examined the effects of the temperature increase related to climate warming on the physiology and behavior of two fiddler crab species: Leptuca uruguayensis, which inhabits mostly vegetated areas, and Leptuca leptodactyla, that inhabits unvegetated areas. We hypothesized that L. uruguayensis would be more sensitive to warming than L. leptodactyla. Crabs were exposed to d...
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#1Stefania Aiello (University of Palermo)H-Index: 7
#2Giuseppe Crescimanno (University of Palermo)H-Index: 18
Last.Maurizio Casarrubea (University of Palermo)H-Index: 14
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Abstract Aim of the present review is to offer an outline of the application of T-pattern analysis (TPA) in the study of neurological disorders characterized by anomalies of movement and, more in general, of behavior. TPA is a multivariate technique to detect real time patterns of behavior on the basis of statistically significant constraints among the events in sequence. TPA is particularly suitable to analyse the structure of behavior. The application of TPA to study movement and behavioral di...
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#1Vasiliki Ferle (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
#2Anastasia Repouskou (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 1
Last.Antonios Stamatakis (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 15
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Exposure to early life stress affects the development and function of the brain and when followed by adversities in adulthood, the negative effects of stress are enhanced. Microglia has been proposed as a potential mediator of this phenomenon. In the present study, we investigated the long-term effects of mild early life stress, the consequences of a stressor in adulthood as well as their interaction on microglial and cytokine (PPARγ, IL-1β and TNFα) levels in the brain of adult male ra...
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#1Robert Ettaro (UB: University at Buffalo)
#2Tamara Markovic (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 3
Last.Stewart D. Clark (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 17
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Abstract The pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPTg) plays a role in processing multiple sensory inputs and innervates brain regions associated with reward-related behaviors. The urotensin II receptor, activated by the urotensin II peptide (UII), is selectively expressed by the cholinergic neurons of the PPTg. Although the exact function of cholinergic neurons of the PPTg is unknown, they are thought to contribute to the perception of reward magnitude or salience detection. We hypothesized that the ac...
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