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Physiology & Behavior
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#2Sébastien AlfonsoH-Index: 1
Last.Giuseppe LemboH-Index: 6
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Abstract Stocking density is considered a stress factor for fish and is therefore one of the numerous concerns about fish welfare in an aquaculture context. Stress coping styles (SCS) are defined as a coherent set of individual physiological and behavioral differences in stress responses that are consistent across time and context and appear to be promising for improving fish welfare in aquaculture. The aim of the present study was to describe the physiological and zootechnical performances of g...
#1Qingfeng Xiao (Zhejiang University of Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Ze Xiong (Zhejiang University of Technology)
Last.Zhengwei Fu (Zhejiang University of Technology)H-Index: 35
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Abstract Depression is the leading cause of mental health-related disease globally, and it affects an estimated 300 million people worldwide. However, its physiological causes are not fully understood. Since available antidepressants fail to achieve complete disease remission, treating diversification of depression may be a useful contribution. Crocin, one of the main glycosylated carotenoids of saffron, has been found to have numerous pharmacological activities and has been reported to be assoc...
#1Genevieve R. Curtis (Drexel University)H-Index: 2
#2Jensine M. Coudriet (Drexel University)
Last.Jessica R. Barson (Drexel University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED), the most common eating disorder in the United States, is characterized by binge-type eating and is associated with higher body mass index and greater motivation for food. This disorder tends to first appear in late adolescence or young adulthood and is more common in women than men. While some animal models of BED have recapitulated both the overeating and the excessive body weight / fat of BED, very few have examined the motivational aspects of this disorde...
#1Elizabeth Sahagun (Purdue University)
#2Lauren M. Ward (Purdue University)
Last.Kimberly P. Kinzig (Purdue University)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Ketogenic diets (KDs) are high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets that have been used therapeutically for decades, most notably for the treatment of epilepsy and diabetes. Recent data, however, suggest that KD may impart protective effects on mood disorders. The current experiments test the hypothesis that KDs can protect from stress-induced symptoms of mood disorders. To test this, we assessed behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of KD in male and female Long Evans rats. Animals experienced ...
#1Jerine A.J. van der Eijk (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 2
#2Michel B. Verwoolde (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
Last.A. Lammers (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 14
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Abstract It is crucial to identify whether relations between immune characteristics and damaging behaviors in production animals exist, as these behaviors reduce animal welfare and productivity. Feather pecking (FP) is a damaging behavior in chickens, which involves hens pecking and pulling at feathers of conspecifics. To further identify relationships between the immune system and FP we characterized high FP (HFP) and low FP (LFP) selection lines with regard to nitric oxide (NO) production by m...
#1Júlio C. G. Silva (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)H-Index: 3
#2Kalinne Fernandes Silva (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)
Last.Maria do Socorro Cirilo-Sousa (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)H-Index: 3
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Abstract We investigated the acute effects of aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) on mood state in American football athletes. Twenty-two male American football athletes were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: 1) aerobic exercise (AE: 40% VO2max), 2) aerobic exercise with BRF (AE + BFR: 40% VO2 max), and 3) high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE: 80% and 40% VO2max during exercise and the active intervals, respectively). Mood state and total mood disturbance (TMD)...
Abstract Objective To investigate the effectiveness of lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia Mill) inhalation on anxiety, mood, and vital signs (blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, and saturation) of patients undergoing oral surgery. Vital signs were considered as primary outcome measures. Paired anxiety tests were used as secondary outcome measures. Methods Patients who had dental anxiety according to the Dental Anxiety Questionnaire (DAQ) were enrolled in the study. One hundred twenty...
#1Jessica M. Gaby (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
#2Allison N. Baker (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 1
Last.John E. Hayes (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 26
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Abstract Vanillin may modulate perception of noxious oral stimuli via TRP receptor interactions, and has also been shown to have top-down influences on flavor perception. Here, we ask whether added vanillin decreases the perceived burn of ethanol either via peripheral or cognitive mechanisms. Participants rated the burn of ethanol with 0, 16, and 160 ppm vanillin. In studies 1 (n = 102) and 2 (n = 82), participants wore nose clips and rated the burn of 8% and 16% ethanol (study 1) or 32% and 48%...
#1Teagan Gale (UNSW: University of New South Wales)
#2Michael Garratt (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 13
Last.Robert B. Brooks (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 55
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Abstract Sexual conflict may be manifested during social interactions, shaping the costs of reproduction in sexually reproducing species. This conflict, and the physical necessity of intromission, can intensify the already costly nature of reproduction for female mammals. To identify and partition the costs that males inflict on females during mating and reproduction, we paired female mice with either other females or castrated, vasectomised, or intact (sham-vasectomised) males, thus manipulatin...
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