Ecological Applications
Papers 4622
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#1Timothy J. Fullman (The Wilderness Society)H-Index: 6
#2Ryan R. Wilson (The Wilderness Society)H-Index: 13
Last. Wendy M. Loya (FWS: United States Fish and Wildlife Service)
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Migration is common worldwide as species access spatiotemporally varying resources and avoid predators and parasites. However, long-distance migrations are increasingly imperiled due to development and habitat fragmentation. Improved understanding of migratory behavior has implications for conservation and management of migratory species, allowing identification and protection of seasonal ranges and migration corridors. We present a technique that applies circuit theory to predict future effects...
#1T. Trevor Caughlin (BSU: Boise State University)H-Index: 10
#2Cristina Barber Alvarez‐Buylla (BSU: Boise State University)
Last. Chris Wilson (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 9
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Forecasting rates of forest succession at landscape scales will aid global efforts to restore tree cover to millions of hectares of degraded land. While optical satellite remote sensing can detect regional land cover change, quantifying forest structural change is challenging. We developed a state-space modeling framework that applies Landsat satellite data to estimate variability in rates of natural regeneration between sites in a tropical landscape. Our models work by disentangling measurement...
#1Víctor Bello-Rodríguez (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 2
#2Rubén G. Mateo (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 2
Last. Juana María González-Mancebo (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 19
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The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a pest and a conservation problem on many islands, where its heavy grazing pressure threatens many endemic plants with extinction. Previous studies in its native and introduced range have highlighted the high spatial variability of rabbit abundance at local and landscape scales, depending on many factors such as the existence of different habitats. Modeling of the species can be useful to better-understand spatial patterns and to prioritize actions,...
#1Andrew M. Lohrer (NIWA: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research)H-Index: 27
#2Fabrice Stephenson (NIWA: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research)H-Index: 4
Last. Michael TownsendH-Index: 11
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Humans rely on the natural environment and benefit from the goods and services provided by natural ecosystems. Quantification and mapping of ecosystem services (ES) is required to better protect valued ES benefits under pressure from anthropogenic activities. The removal of excess nitrogen, a recognized catchment-derived pollutant, by biota in estuarine soft sediments is an important ES that potentially ameliorates the development of eutrophication symptoms. Here, we quantified estuarine benthic...
#1Peter S. Levi (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 3
#2Peter McIntyre (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 44
Last. Peter B. McIntyre (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 37
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Urban streams are often severely impaired due to channelization, high loads of nutrients and contaminants, and altered land cover in the watershed. Physical restoration of stream channels is widely used to offset the effects of urbanization on streams, with the goal of improving ecosystem structure and function. However, these efforts are rarely guided by strategic analysis of the factors that mediate the responsiveness of stream ecosystems to restoration. Given that ecological gradients from he...
#1Pamela E. Moriarty (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 4
#2Timothy E. Essington (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 37
Last. Mei Sato (UBC: University of British Columbia)
view all 7 authors...
In coastal marine ecosystems, the depletion of dissolved oxygen can cause behavioral and distributional shifts of organisms and thereby alter ecological processes. We used the spatio-temporal variation in the onset and intensity of low dissolved oxygen in Hood Canal, WA to investigate consequences of seasonally reduced oxygen on fish-zooplankton predator-prey interactions. By simultaneously monitoring densities of zooplankton (primarily the euphausiid; Euphausia pacifica) and zooplanktivorous fi...
#1Nathan J. Smucker (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 13
#2Erik M. Pilgrim (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 14
Last. Brent R. Johnson (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 15
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Nutrient pollution from human activities remains a common problem facing stream ecosystems. Identifying ecological responses to phosphorus and nitrogen can inform decisions affecting the protection and management of streams and their watersheds. Diatoms are particularly useful because they are a highly diverse group of unicellular algae found in nearly all aquatic environments and are sensitive responders to increased nutrient concentrations. Here, we used DNA metabarcoding of stream diatoms as ...
#1Robin Naidoo (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 32
#2Angela BrennanH-Index: 7
Last. Russell TaylorH-Index: 11
view all 9 authors...
In many savannah regions of Africa, pronounced seasonal variability in rainfall results in wildlife being restricted to floodplains and other habitats adjacent to permanent surface water in the dry season. During the wet season, rainfall fills small-scale, ephemeral water sources that allows wildlife to exploit forage and other resources far from permanent surface water. These water sources remain difficult to quantify, however, due to their small and ephemeral nature, and as a result are rarely...
#1Julia Y. White (University of Melbourne)
#2Christopher J. Walsh (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 31
While provision of in-stream habitat complexity remains common practice in efforts to restore streams, the evidence of positive effects on in-stream communities is inconsistent. In streams of urban catchments, where both reach-scale habitat manipulation and catchment-scale actions to ameliorate the disturbance regime of urban stormwater runoff are common management responses, clearer understanding of the effects of habitat complexity under different degrees of urban impact are needed. We experim...
#1Lynn Waterhouse (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 4
Last. Brice X. Semmens (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 28
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Anthropogenic impacts on riverine systems have, in part, led to management concerns regarding the population status of species using these systems. In an effort to assess the efficacy of restoration actions, and in order to improve monitoring of species of concern, managers have turned to PIT (passive integrated transponder) tag studies with in-stream detectors to monitor movements of tagged individuals throughout river networks. However, quantifying movements in a river network using PIT tag da...
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