Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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#1Sadeq A. Quraishi (Tufts Medical Center)
#2Lorenzo Berra (Harvard University)H-Index: 20
Last. Ala Nozari (BMC: Boston Medical Center)H-Index: 1
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The link between seasonal variation and viral outbreaks is a topic of much debate.1 It is postulated that cold temperatures increase viral half-lives and that low relative humidity (RH) adversely influences natural processes that otherwise lead to viral inactivation.2 3 As such, there is a growing interest in whether indoor temperature and RH may be modifiable risk factors for aerial transmission of viruses. Indeed, preclinical studies and observational data suggest that high temperature as well...
#1Anna Nyberg (Stockholm University)H-Index: 5
#2Göran KecklundH-Index: 33
Last. Kristiina Rajaleid (Stockholm University)H-Index: 10
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Objectives To provide systematically evaluated evidence of prospective associations between exposure to physical, psychological and gender-based violence and health among healthcare, social care and education workers. Methods The guidelines on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses were followed. Medline, Cinahl, Web of Science and PsycInfo were searched for population: human service workers; exposure: workplace violence; and study type: prospective or longitudinal in...
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by sensitisation to hexavalent chromium in wet cement has a notoriously poor prognosis. The ensuing dermatitis can be debilitating and persistent postoccupational dermatitis is common.1 Furthermore, there are significant adverse effects on quality of life, as well as marked economic consequences.2 Over the past four decades, several European countries have introduced legislation to limit the amount of hexavalent chromium in cement, which has ...
#1Jason Glaser (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 10
#2Erik Hansson (University of Gothenburg)
Last. Sandra Peraza (University of El Salvador)H-Index: 1
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Objectives To assess if improvement of working conditions related to heat stress was associated with improved kidney health outcomes among sugarcane harvest workers in Chichigalpa, Nicaragua, a region heavily affected by the epidemic of chronic kidney disease of non-traditional origin. Methods Based on our findings during the 2017–2018 harvest (harvest 1), recommendations that enhanced the rest schedule and improved access to hydration and shade were given before the 2018–2019 harvest (harvest 2...
#1James N. Laditka (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 31
#2Sarah B. Laditka (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 30
Last. Jessica Hoyle (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
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Objective We studied the associations of working in occupations with high asthma trigger exposures with the prevalence and incidence of asthma, and with ever reporting an asthma diagnosis throughout working life. Methods We used the nationally representative Panel Study of Income Dynamics (1968–2015; n=13 957; 205 498 person-years), with annual reports of occupation and asthma diagnoses across 48 years. We compared asthma outcomes in occupations likely to have asthma trigger exposures with those...
#1David B. Richardson (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 38
Last. Paul A. DemersH-Index: 39
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Objectives There are established methods for occupational epidemiological cohort analysis, such as proportional hazards regression, that are well suited to aetiological research and yield parameter estimates that allow for succinct communication among academics. However, these methods are not necessarily well suited for evaluation of health impacts of policy choices and communication to decision makers. An informed decision about a policy that impacts health and safety requires a valid estimate ...
#1Ann Olsson (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 17
#2Evgeny V. Kovalevskiy (MSMU: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University)
Last. Evgenia Ostroumova (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 2
view all 13 authors...
Objectives A historical cohort study of cancer mortality is being conducted among workers in a chrysotile mine and its enrichment factories in the town of Asbest, Russian Federation. Because individual-level information on tobacco use is not available for Asbest Chrysotile Cohort members, a cross-sectional survey of smoking behaviours was conducted among active and retired workers. Methods Self-administered questionnaires were completed by active workers during meetings organised by occupational...
#1Andrew Fox-Lewis (Auckland City Hospital)
#2Caroline Allum (Auckland City Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last. Sally A. Roberts (Auckland City Hospital)H-Index: 21
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Objective To evaluate what is currently known about the risk to surgeons and other operating theatre (OT) staff of human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission and HPV-related disease following surgical smoke exposure. Methods A systematic literature search of Embase and Ovid-MEDLINE was undertaken for primary studies relevant to the presence of HPV in surgical smoke, contamination of OT staff with HPV after performing or attending smoke-generating surgical procedures, and the presence of HPV or HPV-...
#1Anna Tokar (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 1
#2Denise Naniche (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 17
The UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets, defined as 90% of people living with HIV aware of their status, among which 90% are on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and among which 90% have HIV viral suppression, have galvanised efforts worldwide to reduce HIV transmission with the goal of ending the HIV epidemic by 2030. Sex workers, who are particularly vulnerable to HIV, and their sexual partners account for more than half (54%) of new HIV infections globally.1 Available data suggest that the relative risk of ...
#1Ayman Alhamdow (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 5
#2Yona J Essig (Lund University)
Last. Karin Broberg Palmgren (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 31
view all 10 authors...
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may cause cancer in chimney sweeps and creosote-exposed workers, however, knowledge about exposure to low-molecular-weight PAHs in relation to cancer risk is limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate occupational exposure to the low-molecular-weight PAHs phenanthrene and fluorene in relation to different cancer biomarkers. METHODS: We recruited 151 chimney sweeps, 19 creosote-exposed workers and 152 unexp...
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Occupational safety and health