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Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
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Tian-Ge Li (Beijing University of Chinese Medicine), Ling Shui (Inner Mongolia Medical University)+ 4 AuthorsYingsong Chen (Inner Mongolia Medical University)
Accumulating data indicates that brain inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of chronic exercise-induced fatigue. Moxibustion in traditional Chinese medicine has been found to alleviate exercise-induced fatigue. However, it remains unclear whether the effect of moxibustion is related to its anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, rats were exposed to 3-week exhaustive swimming to induce chronic exercise-induced fatigue. The body weight, exhaustive swimming time, tail s...
Published on Sep 13, 2019in Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Volker Hofmann2
Estimated H-index: 2
(McGill University),
Maurice J. Chacron32
Estimated H-index: 32
(McGill University)
Environmental signals act as input and are processed across successive stages in the brain to generate a meaningful behavioral output. However, a ubiquitous observation is that descending feedback projections from more central to more peripheral brain areas vastly outnumber ascending feedforward projections. Such projections generally act to modify how sensory neurons respond to afferent signals. Recent studies in the electrosensory system of weakly electric fish have revealed novel functions fo...
Giovanna Mioni9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UNIPD: University of Padua),
Lucia Meligrana4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 2 AuthorsFranca Stablum9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UNIPD: University of Padua)
In the present study, we investigate possible temporal impairment in MCI patients and the amount of temporal distortions caused by the presentation of emotional facial expressions (anger, shame, and neutral) in MCI patients and controls. Twelve older adults with MCI and 14 healthy older adults were enrolled in the present study. All participants underwent a complete neuropsychological evaluation. We used three timing tasks to tap temporal abilities, namely, time bisection (standard intervals las...
Published on Sep 12, 2019in Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Patrick Bruns10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UHH: University of Hamburg)
Ventriloquism, the illusion that a voice appears to come from the moving mouth of a puppet rather than from the actual speaker, is one of the classic examples of multisensory processing. In the laboratory, this illusion can be reliably induced by presenting simple meaningless audiovisual stimuli with a spatial discrepancy between the auditory and visual components. Typically, the perceived location of the sound source is biased toward the location of the visual stimulus (the ventriloquism effect...
Published on Sep 11, 2019in Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Julia Spilcke-Liss (UHH: University of Hamburg), Jun Zhu (THU: Tsinghua University)+ 2 AuthorsJan Gläscher24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UHH: University of Hamburg)
Efficient multisensory integration is often influenced by other cognitive processes including, but not limited to, semantic congruency and focused endogenous attention. Semantic congruency can (re-)allocate processing resources to the location of a congruent stimulus, while attention can prioritize the integration of multi-sensory stimuli under focus. Here, we explore the robustness of this phenomenon in the context of three stimuli, two of which are in the focus of endogenous attention. Partici...
Shelly J. Lane21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Newcastle),
Stacey Reynolds12
Estimated H-index: 12
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Years of research have added to our understanding of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). None-the-less there is still much that is poorly understood. There is a need for, and ongoing interest in, developing a deeper understanding of this disorder to optimally identify risk and better inform treatment. Here we present a compilation of findings from our laboratory, examining ADHD both behaviorally and using neurophysiologic markers. Drawing on early work of McIntosh and co-investigato...
Published on Sep 4, 2019in Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Viktor Müller25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MPG: Max Planck Society),
Ulman Lindenberger77
Estimated H-index: 77
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
Playing music in ensemble requires enhanced sensorimotor coordination and nonverbal communication of musicians that need to coordinate their actions precisely with those of others. As shown in our previous studies on guitar duets and also on a guitar quartet, intra- and inter-brain synchronization plays an essential role during such interaction. At the same time, sensorimotor coordination as an essential part of this interaction requires being in sync with the auditory signals coming from the pl...
Richard Daniel McLane (Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center), Lauren M. Schmitt4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center)
+ 5 AuthorsCraig A. Erickson (University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability and is associated with increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), anxiety, ADHD, and epilepsy. While our understanding of FXS pathophysiology has improved, a lack of validated blood-based biomarkers of disease continues to impede bench-to-bedside efforts. To meet this demand, there is a growing effort to discover a reliable biomarker to inform treatment discovery and evaluate treatment target engagement...
Neurological disease, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), which were caused by abnormalities in the nervous system, involves the accumulation of false proteins, neurotransmitter abnormalities, neuronal apoptosis, etc. As an alternative supplementary medicine (ASM), acupuncture plays an important role in the treatment of neurological diseases. In this review, we summarized the current evidence for the treatment efficacy of acupuncture in AD and PD from the perspective of...
Theodore Raphan42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Brooklyn College),
Eugene Dorokhin (Brooklyn College), Andrew R. Delamater22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Brooklyn College)
We studied how recurrent neural nets (RNN), which utilize delayed feedback weights, could model the encoding of time at the supra-second level. Recurrent “Go” and “No-Go” neural processing units with different dynamics were identified whose outputs were summated to generate a pulse that drives a fixed integrator unit. This system was used to model empirical data from rodents performing in an instrumental “peak interval timing” task for Tone and Flash inputs. Reward availability was signaled afte...
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