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Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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#1Julia C Bond (UW: University of Washington)
#2Amanda L Mancenido (UW: University of Washington)
Last.Alyson J. LittmanH-Index: 30
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Background There are few published studies evaluating the impact of perinatal residence change on infant outcomes and whether these associations differ by socioeconomic status. Methods We conducted a population-based cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data from 2007 to 2014 to assess whether women who moved during the first trimester of pregnancy (n=28 011) had a higher risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and small for gestational age than women who did not move during the...
#1Helen Coo (Queen's University)H-Index: 11
#2Leandre R. Fabrigar (Queen's University)H-Index: 27
Last.Michael P. Flavin (Queen's University)H-Index: 10
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Background A high maternal prepregnancy body mass index has been associated with lower offspring IQ, but it is unclear if the relationship is causal. To explore this, our objectives were to compare maternal and paternal estimates and to assess whether certain factors mediate the association. Methods We analysed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, which initially recruited 14 541 women residing in Avon, UK, with an expected date of delivery in 1991–1992. Data were colle...
Background Gains in life expectancies have stalled in Scotland, as in several other countries, since around 2012. The relationship between stalling mortality improvements and socioeconomic inequalities in health is unclear. Methods We calculate the difference, as percentage change, in all-cause, all-age, age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR) between 2006 and 2011 (period 1) and between 2012 and 2017 (period 2), for Scotland overall, by sex, and by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) ...
This paper presents a conceptual framework that aims to conceptualise the different processes and contexts influencing health inequalities among women who are mothers. On the one hand, four processes are shown: (1) social stratification; (2) route into motherhood; (3) exposure and vulnerability to risk factors; and (4) generation of health inequalities. On the other hand, the role of the socioeconomic and political context, the labour market context, and the social, community and family context,...
#1Daisy Fancourt (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 7
#2Andrew Steptoe (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 111
Background Considerations of modifiable risk factors for the development of disability in older age have traditionally focused on physical activity. However, there is increasing evidence that psychological, social, and cognitive factors also help to maintain functional independence. This study compared the protective associations between physical and social activities and disability onset. Methods We analysed data from 5434 adults aged 50+ years tracked biennially from 2004/2005 to 2016/2017, me...
#1Tayla McCloud (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
#2David Bann (IOE: Institute of Education)H-Index: 11
Introduction In the United Kingdom and many other countries, debt accrued during higher education has increased substantially in recent decades. The prevalence of common mental health problems has also increased alongside these changes. However, it is as yet unclear whether there is an association between financial stress and mental health among higher education students. Methods We conducted a rapid review of the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Eligible studies were English-language public...
#1Irene Moor (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 12
#2Mirte A. G. Kuipers (PHRI: Public Health Research Institute)H-Index: 8
Last.Arja RimpeläH-Index: 41
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Background Although there is evidence for socioeconomic inequalities in health and health behaviour in adolescents, different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) have rarely been compared within one data sample. We examined associations of five SES indicators with self-rated health (SRH) and smoking (ie, a leading cause of health inequalities) in Europe. Methods Data of adolescents aged 14–17 years old were obtained from the 2013 SILNE survey (smoking inequalities: learning from natural exp...
#1Francisco Perales (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 9
#2Alice Campbell (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 3
Background Research documents substantial adolescent health disparities by sexual orientation, but studies are confined to a small number of countries—chiefly the USA. We provide first-time evidence of associations between sexual orientation and adolescent health/well-being in a new country—Australia. We also add to knowledge by examining health/well-being outcomes not previously analysed in national samples, considering adolescents reporting no sexual attractions, and rank-ordering sexual-orien...
#1Lois Orton (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 14
#2Andy Pennington (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 4
Last.Margaret Whitehead (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 50
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This study was supported by Department of Health and Social Care Policy Research Programme.
Objective Metabolic syndrome (MetS) includes hyperglycaemia, hypertension, central adiposity, elevated triglyceride levels and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. All factors are identified as risk factors for cardiovascular disease and mortality. This longitudinal study examined whether loneliness, which has been shown to predict a range of negative health outcomes, increases the risk for MetS. Methods We used data from ‘the Nord-Trondelag Health Study’ (HUNT) which is a large l...
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