Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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The COVID-19 pandemic has developed as a consequence of sheer prevention failures, leading in many countries to a sizeable number of deaths and over-saturation of intensive care units. This triggered the imposition of generalisd quarantine ('lockdown') of variable stringency in different countries: with the decrease of the epidemic, the lockdown is now gradually relaxed and replaced by tight tracing and isolation of new cases and their contacts. Prevention, however, remains not a constant priori...
#1Geraldine Barrett (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 13
#2Elizabeth Mary Nolan (UCL: University College London)
Last. Jennifer Hall (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 9
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The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP), a psychometric measure of pregnancy intention based on lay views, was published in this journal in 20041 and is now validated in 15 languages.2 Since its development, there has been a growth in same-sex couples having children, women choosing to become mothers without a partner and non-romantic partners choosing to become parents together.3 The LMUP is intended to be suitable for all pregnant women and item 5 (about partner discussion) is potenti...
#1Catherine Arsenault (Harvard University)H-Index: 4
#2Sam Harper (McGill University)H-Index: 33
Last. Arijit Nandi (McGill University)H-Index: 28
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Background Beyond the prevention of illness and death, vaccination may provide additional benefits such as improved educational outcomes. However, there is currently little evidence on this question. Our objective was to estimate the effect of childhood vaccination on learning achievements among primary school children in India. Methods We used cohort data from the India Human Development Survey. Vaccination status and confounders were measured among children who were at least 12 months old at b...
#1Mifuyu Akasaki (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
#2Mika Kivimaeki (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 130
Last. Martin J. Shipley (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 104
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Background Attrition, the loss of participants as a study progresses, is a considerable challenge in longitudinal studies. This study examined whether two forms of attrition, ‘withdrawal’ (formal discontinued participation) and ‘non-response’ (non-response among participants continuing in the study), have different associations with mortality and whether these associations differed across time in a multi-wave longitudinal study. Methods Participants were 10 012 civil servants who participated at...
#1Priyanka Parmar (University of Oulu)H-Index: 2
#2Estelle Lowry ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 5
Last. Jouko Miettunen (University of Oulu)H-Index: 44
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Background There are various maternal prenatal biopsychosocial (BPS) predictors of birth weight, making it difficult to quantify their cumulative relationship. Methods We studied two birth cohorts: Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC1986) born in 1985–1986 and the Generation R Study (from the Netherlands) born in 2002–2006. In NFBC1986, we selected variables depicting BPS exposure in association with birth weight and performed factor analysis to derive latent constructs representing the rel...
#1Erik R. Sund (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 10
#2Frank J. van Lenthe (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 44
Last. Steinar Krokstad (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 28
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Background Research suggests that genetic predisposition for common mental disorders may be moderated by the environment. This study examines whether a polygenic risk score (PRS) for depression is moderated by the level of residential area urbanicity using five symptoms of poor mental health as outcomes. Methods The study sample consisted of 41 198 participants from the 2006–2008 wave of the Norwegian HUNT study. We created a weighted PRS for depression based on 99 variants identified in a recen...
#1Matthew James Keeling (Warw.: University of Warwick)H-Index: 53
#2T. Déirdre Hollingsworth (University of Oxford)H-Index: 29
Last. Jonathan M. Read (Lancaster University)H-Index: 22
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Objective Contact tracing is a central public health response to infectious disease outbreaks, especially in the early stages of an outbreak when specific treatments are limited. Importation of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) from China and elsewhere into the UK highlights the need to understand the impact of contact tracing as a control measure. Design Detailed survey information on social encounters from over 5800 respondents is coupled to predictive models of contact tracing and control. This is...
#1Lasse Tarkiainen (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 9
#2Heta Moustgaard (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 11
Last. Pekka MartikainenH-Index: 72
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Background Research evidence on the association between neighbourhood characteristics and individual mental health at older ages is inconsistent, possibly due to heterogeneity in the measurement of mental-health outcomes, neighbourhood characteristics and confounders. Register-based data enabled us to avoid these problems in this longitudinal study on the associations between socioeconomic and physical neighbourhood characteristics and individual antidepressant use in three national contexts. Me...
#1Ya-Hui Chang (NCKU: National Cheng Kung University)H-Index: 4
#2Tsung Hsueh Lu (NCKU: National Cheng Kung University)H-Index: 22
Last. Chung-Yi Li (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 35
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Background Although blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is undoubtedly associated with increased risk of injury among driver victims involved in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), some studies noted that high BAC was associated with reduced risk of mortality after injury. In addition, most of the previous studies included only injured patients admitted, which may lead to potential selection bias arising from exclusion of those with minor injury and those who died at the accident scene of MVC. Method Th...
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