American Journal of Infection Control
Papers 9970
1 page of 997 pages (9,970 results)
Published on Apr 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Peter DeJonge , Emily T. Martin25
Estimated H-index: 25
+ 1 AuthorsAndrew N. Hashikawa4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract Background Environmental decontamination is one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of infectious pathogens in child care centers (CCCs). Alongside state recommendations, national organizations—including the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)—offer best-practice policies. In Michigan, these sets of guidelines differ, and the extent to which CCC practices agree with either set of protocols is unknown. Methods A survey of environmental decontamination practices was adm...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Alysha D.M. Robinson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UI: University of Iowa),
Alysha D.M. Robinson (UI: University of Iowa)+ 2 AuthorsRandy W. Loftus17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UI: University of Iowa)
Background Operating room (OR) reservoir Staphylococcus aureus isolates have been linked to 50% of surgical site infections. We aimed to assess S aureus transmission dynamics in today's ORs to further guide health care–associated infection prevention. Methods Forty OR case-pairs were randomly selected for observation in a 5-month prospective cohort study. Case-pair S aureus transmission dynamics were mapped using OR PathTrac. Results S aureus pathogens were isolated from ≥1 OR reservoirs in 45.7...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Grace Lin (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University), Grace Lin + 7 AuthorsRobin R. Hemphill
We implemented an electronic medical record (EMR) decision support tool for ordering urine cultures per evidence-based guidelines. Following the EMR change, we found a significant increase in proportion of cultures ordered for catheterized intensive care unit (ICU) patients meeting guidelines. We surveyed providers and found poor understanding of urine culture guidelines for catheterized ICU patients. EMR-based interventions and educational opportunities have potential to improve urine culture g...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Dalemarie Vaughan , Amy L. Pakyz15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 2 AuthorsShaina Bernard1
Estimated H-index: 1
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Background Gram-negative organisms (GNOs) have increasing resistance rates to levofloxacin at Virginia Commonwealth University Health System (VCUHS), where levofloxacin is the most common agent added to provide double coverage of gram-negative infections. The goal of this study was to determine the adequacy of empiric gram-negative coverage for septic patients at our institution. Methods A retrospective review of patients admitted to VCUHS, from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014, with a diag...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Yu Shi (Xi'an Jiaotong University), Ning Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Xi'an Jiaotong University)
+ 3 AuthorsHai Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Xi'an Jiaotong University)
Objective Assess the efficacy of chlorhexidine with povidone solutions as a skin disinfectant for central venous catheter (CVC) care. Background Central venous catheters are widely used for critically ill patients. Catheter maintenance can easily lead to a catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), which is the manifestation of a bloodstream infection (BSI) in a patient who carries a catheter or removes the catheter within 48hours. There is no clear source of BSIs except for indwelling cath...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Anne T. Köhler , Anne T. Köhler (Leipzig University)+ 3 AuthorsStephanie Speck8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Leipzig University)
Background Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) constitute a threat to health care worldwide. Disinfectants are used to prevent and control the spread of MDR-GNB in a hospital setting but their efficacy might be impaired by bacterial mechanisms that may act on both antimicrobials and disinfectants. Determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations is mainly used to determine bacterial susceptibility against disinfectants, but practical tests on surfaces might be more suitable to...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Katreena Merrill2
Estimated H-index: 2
Sandra Forsyth Hanson + 3 AuthorsBrandon Webb (LDS Hospital)
Background Registered nurses are uniquely qualified to augment antimicrobial stewardship (AS) processes. However, the role of nursing in AS needs further development. More information is needed regarding gaps in registered nurse knowledge, attitudes toward AS, and how infection preventionists can help. Methods An online descriptive survey was deployed to a convenience sample of approximately 2,000 nurses at the bedside. The survey included 15 questions addressing: (1) overall knowledge of AS; (2...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq35
Estimated H-index: 35
Ziad A. Memish60
Estimated H-index: 60
Background An important emerging respiratory virus is the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). MERS-CoV had been associated with a high case fatality rate especially among severe cases. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of reported MERS-CoV cases between December 2016 and January 2019, as retrieved from the World Health Organization. The aim of this study is to examine the epidemiology of reported cases and quantify the percentage of health care workers (HCWs) among re...
Published on May 1, 2019in American Journal of Infection Control1.97
Elizabeth M. Glowacki7
Estimated H-index: 7
Elizabeth Glowacki (NU: Northeastern University)+ 1 AuthorsGary B. Wilcox12
Estimated H-index: 12
Foodborne illnesses caused by bacteria are being reported at an increasing rate in the United States. We performed a text-mining analysis to look at nearly 13,000 tweets from two foodborne Escherichia coli outbreaks in 2018. Concerns from the public included staying informed about contaminated lettuce, recognizing signs of infection, and holding responsible farms accountable. At the end of the second outbreak, comments were focused on assessing symptoms, using the traceback process to locate out...