Neurology Psychiatry and Brain Research
Papers 494
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Abstract Background Burnout and low quality of work life were linked to poor professional conduct, increased risk of medical errors and suicide for intensive care nurses. This study was to examine whether the Balint group training intervention could relieve burnout and improve the quality of work life for ICU nurses. Methods We conducted a randomized controlled trial at five ICUs in Guangdong province, China. Totally 152 nurses were randomly assigned to the Balint group with 8 weekly 1.5 -h trai...
Abstract Background Vitamin D helps in the regulation of neurotransmission and neuroprotection. Therefore, vitamin D deficiency might lead to inactivated receptors and may result in depression. Aim The study assessed the relation between serum level of vitamin D and severity, symptomatology and cognitive dysfunction of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in a sample of Egyptian patients. Methods Serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D were measured with electro-chemiluminescence binding assay in 75 pat...
Abstract Background Limited perceived control has been theorized and measured to be a cognitive aspect of anxiety disorder development and maintenance. The goal of the present study was to investigate perceived internal and external control as transdiagnostic features of anxiety in a diverse urban sample. Methods We explored the relations between anxiety, perceived control, and acceptance skills experimentally using a low control computer task and a brief acceptance intervention between task tri...
#1Jaber Alizadehgoradel (Shahid Beheshti University)
#2Saeed Imani (Shahid Beheshti University)H-Index: 2
Last.Jalil Fathabadi (Shahid Beheshti University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract Objective Studies show promise for the treatment of substance abuse through mindfulness practice. However, the neural mechanisms of mindfulness practice for treating substance use disorders are still unclear. Evidence suggests that major deficits in executive functions such as inhibitory control, risky behavior and decision-making, psychological flexibility, and working memory are associated with a craving to use. The current study aims to investigate the efficacy of mindfulness practic...
#1Alexandre Ademar Hoeller (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 8
#2Gilliard Lach (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 1
Last.T.C.M. De Lima (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 18
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Abstract The regulation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) critically influences emotional outcomes. Previous researches indicate that a single systemic injection of pilocarpine – a mAChR agonist – displays long-term defensive behaviors in rats evaluated in distinct unconditioned tests up to 3 months following treatment. However, it is not clear whether these effects share underlying behavioral phenotypes involved in conditioned responses. With this in mind, we examined whether mAChR ...
#1Xanthé Mallett (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 5
#2Ulrich Schall (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 36
Abstract Background It has long been recognized that sustained or repeated child maltreatment has lasting psychological and emotional effects on the victims. This has helped to inform the criminal and civil justice systems how best to deal with perpetrators of abuse, as well social and health services when treating the victims. However, what is generally less well recognized is that physical and emotional abuse has a lasting and potentially non-reversible effect on brain function. Methods We con...
#1Elena Commodari (University of Catania)H-Index: 7
#2S Dinuovo (University of Catania)H-Index: 14
Abstract Background Psychological stress plays a pivotal role in individual well-being in aging. Environmental and psychological variables influence the stress responses of older adults. This study investigated the impact of some sociodemographic and appraisal of the life experiences on perceived stress. Method 300 older adults participated in the study. A measure of psychological stress and a questionnaire assessing the appraisal of life events and beliefs on the experience to be an older perso...
#1Lauren Wadsworth (McLean Hospital)
#2Inga Wessman (McLean Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last.Thröstur Björgvinsson (McLean Hospital)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Background Perceived internal and external control have long been theorized to relate to development and maintenance of anxiety (Barlow, 2002) and depression (Seligman, 1975). Experimental research studies investigating perceived control have largely focused on anxiety within cross-sectional samples and have shown that low levels of perceived internal and external control are associated with higher levels of anxiety (Gallagher et al., 2014) and depression (Brown & Siegel, 1988; Wardle e...
Abstract There is major evidence for the involvement of immunological processes in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Especially alterations of T-cell function and activation of the inflammatory response system appear to be linked to schizophrenia. A mild chronic inflammation process has been proposed and repeated findings of altered serum cytokine levels led to the hypothesis of a TH2 shift or cytokine imbalance in schizophrenia. We investigated serum levels of TH1 and TH2 related cytokines ...
#1Martin Maripuu (Umeå University)H-Index: 4
#2Karl-Fredrik Norrback (Umeå University)H-Index: 20
Last.Rolf Adolfsson (Umeå University)H-Index: 63
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Abstract Background Although bipolar disorder (BP) is associated with impaired quality of life (QOL), little is known about the clinical features associated with QOL. Better knowledge about this relationship may improve treatment. Methods This cross-sectional and retrospective study of 160 bipolar outpatients is part of an extensive study battery that includes patient-rated QOL with the World Health Organization QOL-100. The subscale “overall QOL” was used for analysis. QOL was divided into subg...
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