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Science and Engineering Ethics
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#1Arno Simons (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 1
#2Nico RiedelH-Index: 3
Last. Martin Reinhart (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 6
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Promoting translational research as a means to overcoming chasms in the translation of knowledge through successive fields of research from basic science to public health impacts and back is a central challenge for research managers and policymakers. Organizational leaders need to assess baseline conditions, identify areas needing improvement, and to judge the impact of specific initiatives to sustain or improve translational research practices at their institutions. Currently, there is a lack o...
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#1Dylan Cawthorne (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 1
#2Aimee Robbins-van Wynsberghe (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 1
The use of drones in public healthcare is suggested as a means to improve efficiency under constrained resources and personnel. This paper begins by framing drones in healthcare as a social experiment where ethical guidelines are needed to protect those impacted while fully realizing the benefits the technology offers. Then we propose an ethical framework to facilitate the design, development, implementation, and assessment of drones used in public healthcare. Given the healthcare context, we st...
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#1Jilles Smids (TU/e: Eindhoven University of Technology)H-Index: 4
This paper critically assesses John Danaher's 'ethical behaviourism', a theory on how the moral status of robots should be determined. The basic idea of this theory is that a robot's moral status is determined decisively on the basis of its observable behaviour. If it behaves sufficiently similar to some entity that has moral status, such as a human or an animal, then we should ascribe the same moral status to the robot as we do to this human or animal. The paper argues against ethical behaviour...
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Psychology departments often require undergraduates to participate in faculty and graduate research as part of their course or face a penalty. Involuntary participant pools (human subject pools) in which students are compulsorily enrolled are objectively coercive. Students have less autonomy than other research participants because they face a costly alternative task or the penalties that accompany failure to meet a course requirement if they choose not to participate. By contrast, other researc...
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#1Leen B. Fino (USYD: University of Sydney)
#2Iman A. Basheti (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 15
Last. Betty Chaar (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 14
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Patient-centered pharmacy practice involves increased pharmacist engagement in patient care. This increased involvement can sometimes require diverse decision-making when handling various situations, ranging from simple matters to major ethical dilemmas. There is literature about pharmacy ethics in developed Western countries. However, little is known about pharmacists' practices in many developing countries. For example, there is a paucity of research conducted in the area of pharmacy ethics in...
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#1Stephanie Naufel (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 5
#2Eran Klein (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 10
Devices that record from and stimulate the brain are currently available for consumer use. The increasing sophistication and resolution of these devices provide consumers with the opportunity to engage in do-it-yourself brain research and contribute to neuroscience knowledge. The rise of do-it-yourself (DIY) neuroscience may provide an enriched fund of neural data for researchers, but also raises difficult questions about data quality, standards, and the boundaries of scientific practice. We adm...
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#1Irene Cambra-Badii (UPF: Pompeu Fabra University)
#2Elena Guardiola (UVic-UCC: University of Vic)H-Index: 1
Last. Josep Eladi Baños i Díez (UPF: Pompeu Fabra University)H-Index: 18
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Two hundred years after it was first published, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; or, the modern Prometheus remains relevant. This novel has endured because of its literary merits and because its themes lend themselves to analysis from multiple viewpoints. Scholars from many disciplines have examined this work in relation to controversial scientific research. In this paper, we review the academic literature where Frankenstein is used to discuss ethics, bioethics, science, technology and medicine. We ...
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#1Minoo Alemi (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 14
#2Alireza Taheri (Sharif University of Technology)H-Index: 8
Last. Ali Meghdari (Sharif University of Technology)H-Index: 18
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The social impact of robotics applied to domains such as education, religion, nursing, and therapy across the world depends on the level of technology as well as the culture in which it is used. By studying how robots are used in Iran, a technologically-savvy country with a long history and a rich culture, we explore their possible impact on interrelated areas of religious and ethical features in education in an Islamic society. To accomplish this task, a preliminary exploratory study was conduc...
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#1Mark Ryan (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
One of the main difficulties in assessing artificial intelligence (AI) is the tendency for people to anthropomorphise it. This becomes particularly problematic when we attach human moral activities to AI. For example, the European Commission's High-level Expert Group on AI (HLEG) have adopted the position that we should establish a relationship of trust with AI and should cultivate trustworthy AI (HLEG AI Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI, 2019, p. 35). Trust is one of the most important and ...
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#1Landon J. Getz (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 4
#2Graham Dellaire (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 40
Prior to their announcement of the birth of gene-edited twins in China, Dr. He Jiankui and colleagues published a set of draft ethical principles for discussing the legal, social, and ethical aspects of heritable genome interventions. Within this document, He and colleagues made it clear that their goal with these principles was to "clarify for the public the clinical future of early-in-life genetic surgeries" or heritable genome editing. In light of He's widely criticized gene editing experimen...
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