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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
IF
0.66
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1742
Papers 1740
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This paper investigates the effects of meaning dominance in the time-course of activation for ambiguous words out of context in a second language (L2) based on two models: the ordered access model, where the most frequent dominant meaning is always accessed first, and the multiple access model, where dominant and subordinate meanings are activated. Non-native speakers of English (divided into high and low proficiency groups) and native English speakers completed a lexical decision task. While bo...
#1Kalyani Datta (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)
#2Naresh Nebhinani (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 10
Last.Abhinav Dixit (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
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Previous studies have found that bilinguals differ in their response times on the bilingual version of Stroop Task. Automaticity and control and Language proficiency have emerged as important factors that lead to differences in the response time. This study aimed to understand Stroop Effect in Hindi-English bilinguals on the computerized version of Hindi and English language Stroop task. The study was conducted on 42 Hindi–English bilinguals. All were more proficient in the Hindi language as com...
#1Barbara Gawda (UMCS: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University)H-Index: 5
Love has been thoroughly studied and a variety of definitions as well as types of love have been described in the literature. Given the data presenting natural language of love concept, the aim of the two present studies is to demonstrate a new technique which enables description of the structure of emotion concepts within love spectrum. This technique is based on emotional verbal fluency tasks. The procedure and the coding system used are reported in the article along with the data on reliabili...
#1Leila Nayernia (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)
#2Ruben Van den Vijver (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)
Last.Peter Indefrey (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 28
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This study investigated whether the phonological representation of a word is modulated by its orthographic representation in case of a mismatch between the two representations. Such a mismatch is found in Persian, where short vowels are represented phonemically but not orthographically. Persian adult literates, Persian adult illiterates, and German adult literates were presented with two auditory tasks, an AX-discrimination task and a reversal task. We assumed that if orthographic representation...
#1Zhiguo Hu (Hangzhou Normal University)H-Index: 1
#2Hongyan Liu (ZSTU: Zhejiang Sci-Tech University)
To directly investigate the reciprocal causal relationship of the conceptual and affective meaning of words, two priming experiments were conducted with the lexical decision task. In Experiment 1, the influence of semantic relatedness on the affective priming effect was explored by manipulating the semantic associative strength between the prime and target words (i.e., high vs. low) while keeping the affective association between them constant (i.e., affectively congruent). In Experiment 2, the ...
#1P. De Stefano (University of Parma)
#2M. Marchignoli (University of Parma)
Last.G. Cossu (University of Parma)
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One primary problem in extremely preterm children is the occurrence of atypical language development. The aim of this study was to explore the components of language (articulatory phonetics, lexicon and syntax) in comprehension and production in extremely preterm children between the 4th and 5th year of age. The language section of the Preschool Neuropsychological Test was administered to 20 extremely preterm monolingual Italian children (GA 37 weeks), matched for age and non-verbal IQ. Language...
#1María Josefina D’Alessio (UBA: University of Buenos Aires)
#2Maximiliano A. Wilson (Laval University)H-Index: 8
Last.Virginia Jaichenco (UBA: University of Buenos Aires)H-Index: 2
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Several studies in Spanish and other languages have shown that, in a lexical decision task, children are more likely to accept pseudowords with a known morphological structure as words as compared to non-morphological pseudowords. Morphology also facilitates visual word recognition of actual words in children with reading difficulties. In the present study, we explored the role of morphology, frequency and reading proficiency (measured by school grade) in visual word recognition. Typically devel...
It is widely acknowledged that fixed expressions such as idioms have a processing advantage over non-idiomatic language. While many idioms are metaphoric, metonymic, or even literal, the effect of varying nonliteralness in their processing has not been much researched yet. Theoretical and empirical findings suggest that metonymies are easier to process than metaphors but it is unclear whether this applies to idioms. Two self-paced reading experiments test whether metonymic, metaphoric, or litera...
#1Kathryn Crowe (CSU: Charles Sturt University)H-Index: 12
#2Marc Marschark (RIT: Rochester Institute of Technology)H-Index: 39
Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) learners are known to have vocabulary knowledge and language outcomes more heterogeneous than their hearing peers, with a greater incidence of difficulties presumably related (both as cause and effect) to documented challenges in academic domains. In particular, there is increasing evidence that differences may exist in the ways that semantic networks are structured and accessed in DHH and hearing learners. Individuals’ judgments of word typicality offers a window ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of presenting risk on decision making and evaluations with regard to the valence (positive vs. negative) and the linguistic polarity (direct vs. indirect). Participants were presented with a message in which patients were informed about risk associated with some diagnostic medical procedures. In the presented text, before obtaining statistical information about risk (e.g., 1 in 1000), four types of the verbal descriptions were used (risk is hig...
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