Tropical Medicine & International Health
Papers 4808
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#1Sébastien Cortaredona (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 12
Last. Patrick Peretti-Watel (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 27
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OBJECTIVES To estimate geographical variations of child immunisation at the regional level in Senegal, to identify individual and contextual factors that could explain these regional discrepancies, and to measure their effects. METHODS Data come from the 2015, 2016 and 2017 Senegalese Demographic and Health Survey, a national survey targeting women aged 15-49, with a questionnaire focusing on health and reproductive issues including their children's immunisation status. We restricted the analysi...
#1Joseph Baruch Baluku (MUK: Makerere University)H-Index: 1
#2Godwin Tukumbo (MUK: Makerere University)
Last. Dathan M. Byonanebye (MUK: Makerere University)H-Index: 8
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OBJECTIVE To determine clinical correlates of the peripheral absolute eosinophil count (AEC) among bacteriologically confirmed TB patients in Uganda. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated data of bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients who had a peripheral blood AEC measurement at the National TB Treatment Center in Uganda during a cross sectional study. We performed linear regression analysis for correlates of log transformed AEC. RESULTS We included 235 patients in this analysis with a medi...
#1Fátima Mitiko Tengan (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 9
#2Gerusa Maria Figueiredo (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 9
Last. Wanderley Marques Bernardo (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 18
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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in individuals living in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). METHODS We searched the Medline, EMBASE and Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciencias da Saude (Lilacs) databases until 08/08/2019 for all studies on the subject, without time or language restrictions. Original studies reporting the prevalence of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin simultaneously (...
#1Tariro L. Mduluza-Jokonya (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
#2Thajasvarie Naicker (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 10
Last. Elopy SibandaH-Index: 13
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OBJECTIVE To investigate Schistosoma haematobium morbidity in infected pre-school age children and establish their disease burden. METHODOLOGY Pre-school age children (1-5years) who were lifelong residents of the study area and had no other infections were included in the study. Participants underwent a physical examination with clinicians blinded to their infection status. Diagnosis of S. haematobium was by urine filtration. RESULTS The prevalence of S. haematobium was 35.1%(146/416). The clini...
#2O. Njoya (University of Yaoundé I)H-Index: 3
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OBJECTIVES Highly effective direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for Hepatitis C treatment are largely inaccessible in sub-Saharan Africa. Data on treatment feasibility and outcomes in clinical settings are limited. We assessed the feasibility of achieving a high (≥90%) cure rate with DAAs in six gastroenterology clinics in Cameroon. METHODS Patients with chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were treated for 12 or 24 weeks with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir/ribavirin or sofosbuvir...
#1Hesamaddin Shirzad-Aski (Golestan University)H-Index: 3
#2Niloofar Hamidi (Golestan University)
Last. Jamileh Movahedi (Golestan University)
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OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) and examine the risk factors and the clinical features of the disease over a ten-year period. METHODS Retrospective study of records of patients who were followed and registered in the TB registry program in the health district of Gorgan, Iran from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2017. RESULTS Among 2280 TB records, 609 (26.71%) were EPTB. They were mostly female patients (53.7%) and residents in rural areas (56.5%...
#2Niruwan Turnbull (MSU: Mahasarakham University)H-Index: 1
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OBJECTIVE Mental health literacy (MHL) in adolescents is an important issue as it can lead to early detection and recognition of mental illness. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the effect of supporting interventions on improving MHL in adolescents. METHODS Systematic literature review by searching the ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, Crochrane, and CINAHL databases. 7 of 1,107 papers were included in the final review. RESULTS Supporting interventions for improving MHL in adolescen...
#1Sharika Nuzhat (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 1
#2K. M. Shahunja (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 9
Last. A. S. G. Faruque (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 28
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OBJECTIVE: Children with both severe wasting and severe stunting (SWSS) represent an extreme form of malnutrition and are prone to develop severe infection. The study aims to demonstrate clinical features and etiology of diarrhea among children with SWSS compared to those with either severe wasting (SW) or severe stunting (SS), which may help in early identification of high-risk children. METHODS: Data were extracted from the database of the Diarrheal Disease Surveillance System (DDSS) of Dhaka ...
#1Isidore Sieleunou (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 8
#2Manuela De Allegri (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 27
Last. Valéry Ridde (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 27
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OBJECTIVE: In 2011, the government of Cameroon launched its performance-based financing (PBF) scheme. Our study examined the effects of the PBF intervention on the availability of essential medicines (EM). METHODS: Randomized control trial whereby PBF and three distinct comparison groups were randomized in a total of 205 health facilities across three regions. Baseline data were collected between March and May 2012 and endline data 36 months later. We defined availability of multiple EM groups b...
#1Adam T. Craig (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 5
#2John M. Kaldor (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 89
Last. Alexander Rosewell (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 11
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OBJECTIVE: Due to their tropical location, development status and the limited capacity of health systems, Pacific island counties and territories are particularly susceptible to infectious disease outbreaks; but evidence as to the optimal way in which outbreaks are detected is scarce. In this review we synthesise evidence from literature about how outbreaks are detected in Pacific island countries and territories and critique factors identified as inhibiting surveillance practice. METHOD: For th...
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