Tropical Medicine & International Health
Papers 4747
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#1Ken Warria (Kenya Medical Research Institute)
#2Peter O Nyamthimba (Kenya Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 1
Last. Kevin P. Cain (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 17
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of tuberculosis infection and disease in household contacts of patients with bacteriologically confirmed tuberculosis disease and contacts of non-bacteriologically confirmed disease in western Kenya. METHODS: We enrolled newly diagnosed index patients and their household contacts from March 2014 to June 2016. All contacts were evaluated with a symptom questionnaire, tuberculin skin test (TST), and HIV test. Clinical evaluation and sputum testing were performe...
#1Georgia R. Gore-Langton (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 3
#2Matthew Cairns (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 15
Last. A. TapilyH-Index: 4
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OBJECTIVES: Mass administration of azithromycin has reduced mortality in children in sub-Saharan Africa but its mode of action is not well characterised. A recent trial found that azithromycin given alongside seasonal malaria chemoprevention was not associated with a reduction in mortality or hospital admissions in young children. We investigated the effect of azithromycin on the nutritional status of children enrolled in this study. METHODS: 19,578 children in Burkina Faso and Mali were randomi...
#1Jacob Albin Korem Alhassan (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)
#2Daniel A Adeyinka (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 4
Last. Babayemi O. OlakundeH-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND: There has been a global rise in interest and efforts to improve under-five mortality rates, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Ghana has made some progress in improving this outcome; however, the extent of such progress and its equity implications remains understudied. METHODS: This study used a joinpoint regression analysis to assess the significance of changes in trends of under-five mortality rates in Ghana between 1988 and 2017 using data from seven rounds of the Gha...
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the occurrence of fever (>/=38.0 degrees C) after treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with sublingual misoprostol 800 mcg in Latin America, where elevated rates of misoprostol's thermoregulatory effects and recipients' increased susceptibility to high fever have been documented. METHODS: A prospective observational study in hospitals in Argentina enrolled consenting women with atonic PPH after vaginal delivery, eligible to receive misoprostol. Corporal temperatur...
#1Aybuke Koyuncu (University of California, Berkeley)
#2Mi-Suk Kang Dufour (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 6
Last. Sandra I. McCoy (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 16
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#1Tracey Smythe (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 4
#2Jaimie Adelson (UW: University of Washington)
Last. Sarah Polack (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 21
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OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the evidence for interventions to reduce stigma experienced by children with disabilities and their families in low and middle-income settings. METHODS: Systematic review of seven databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, PsycINFO, Social Policy and Practice, CINAHL, IBSS) for studies of interventions that aimed to reduce stigma for children with disabilities published January 2000 to April 2018. Data were extracted on study population, study design, intervent...
#1Hlengiwe P. Madlala (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 2
#2Thokozile Rosemary Malaba (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 2
Last. Landon Myer (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 58
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OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse birth outcomes in HIV-infected and -uninfected women. METHODS: In an urban South African community, 2921 consecutive HIV-infected and -uninfected pregnant women attending primary health care services were assessed at their first antenatal visit. A subset of HIV-infected women enrolled in a longitudinal study was assessed three times during pregnancy. All women had birth out...
#1S. Heemelaar (LUMC: Leiden University Medical Center)H-Index: 2
#2Annelieke H.J. Petrus (LUMC: Leiden University Medical Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Thomas van den Akker (University of Oxford)H-Index: 10
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OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency of maternal death (MD) due to cardiac disease in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Systematic review searching Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Emcare, LILACS, African Index Medicus, IMEMR, IndMED, WPRIM, IMSEAR up to 01/Nov/2017. Maternal mortality reports from LMIC reviewing all MD in a given geographical area were included. Hospital-based reports or those solely based on verbal autopsies were excluded. Numbers of MD and card...
#1R.N. Bigirinama ('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)
#2J.A. Ntaongo (UNIKIN: University of Kinshasa)
Last. D.N. Bompangue (UNIKIN: University of Kinshasa)
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#1R. Velez (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 1
#2Montserrat Gállego (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 32
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