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Veterinary Research Communications
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#2Koh Kawasumi (Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University)H-Index: 6
Last.Toshiro Arai (Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University)H-Index: 17
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The objective of this study was to evaluate blood levels of various hormones and compounds related to energy metabolism in cows with subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). We investigated 11 lactating cows presumed to have SARA based on duration of ruminal pH <5.6 and reticulum pH <6.3 in 2015–2016. Kraft pulp (KP) was used to supplement feed of 7 of the cows studied in an effort to reduce SARA. We continuously monitored ruminal pH and measured blood concentrations of hormones and metabolites related...
This study was performed to evaluate the hepatocyte-derived microRNA (miR)-122 as novel diagnostic biomarker in canine lymphoma. Fifteen dogs were enrolled in this study. Dogs presented at Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University. Dogs were divided into 8 clinically healthy dogs act as control and 7 clinically ill dogs. All dogs were subjected to clinical, ultrasonographic, hemato-biochemical and ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy for cytological and his...
#1T. R. Kannaki (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
#2E. Priyanka (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Last.M.R. Reddy (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 15
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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that mediate first line of host defence to pathogens. TLR agonists are potent immunostimulatory agents that help to prime a robust adaptive immune response. In the present study, adjuvant potential of Poly I:C and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were evaluated with live Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine. Cornish chickens were immunized with live Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine (R2B-mesogenic strain) adjuvanted either with Pol...
#1Yong-Chan Kim (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 3
#2Min-Ju Jeong (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 1
Last.Byung-Hoon Jeong (CBNU: Chonbuk National University)H-Index: 16
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The interferon-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) gene is classified as a small interferon-stimulated gene and is associated with a broad spectrum of antiviral functions against several fatal enveloped viruses, including influenza A viruses (IAVs). The rs12252 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the IFITM3 gene in humans was associated with susceptibility to H1N1 influenza in a 2009 pandemic. In addition, overexpression of the IFITM3 protein potently inhibits the highly pathogenic avia...
#1N.S. Kharayat (IVRI: Indian Veterinary Research Institute)H-Index: 1
#2Chethan Sharma G (IVRI: Indian Veterinary Research Institute)H-Index: 1
Last.Narayanan Krishnaswamy (IVRI: Indian Veterinary Research Institute)H-Index: 5
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Toll like receptors (TLRs) and β-defensins expressed in the endometrium are part of the innate uterine defense mechanism (UDM). In the present study, transcriptional profile of TLRs (1–3, 6–8, 10, and) and β-defensins such as lingual antimicrobial peptide (LAP), tracheal antimicrobial peptide (TAP) and bovine neutrophil beta-defensin 4 (BNBD4) were studied. Bubaline genitalia were collected from abattoir and the endometrium was categorized into one of the following seven groups (n = 7/group) bas...
#1P.R. Sichewo (University of Pretoria)
#2Eric Etter (University of Pretoria)H-Index: 11
Last.Anita Luise Michel (University of Pretoria)H-Index: 29
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Cattle are the domestic animal reservoir for Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) which also affects other domestic animals, several wildlife species and humans leading to tuberculosis. The study area is in a resource-poor community that is surrounded by several game parks, where M. bovis infection has been previously diagnosed in wildlife. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of M. bovis infection in 659 cattle from a total of 192 traditionally managed herds using the B...
#1Pamela Valenzuela (Austral University of Chile)H-Index: 1
#2Stefanie Teuber (Austral University of Chile)H-Index: 3
Last.María A. Hidalgo (Austral University of Chile)H-Index: 13
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Endometrial epithelial cells play a key defensive role as part of the innate immune response of cow uterus. An association between risk of acquiring infectious diseases and increased levels of free fatty acids postpartum has been suggested, and the use of omega-3 fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been proposed as a beneficial strategy to improve immunity and fertility. The goal of our study was to demonstrate the presence of free fatty acid (FFA)-1 and 4 receptors in endometrial...
Last.J. Gómez-Laguna (UCO: University of Córdoba (Spain))H-Index: 8
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The emergence of virulent strains of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), causing atypical and severe outbreaks, has been notified worldwide. This study assesses the expression, distribution and kinetics of PRRSV N-protein, CD163 and CD107a in the lung and tonsil from experimentally-infected piglets with three different PRRSV-1 strains: a virulent PRRSV-1 subtype 3 strain (SU1-bel) and two low-virulent subtype 1 strains, Lelystad virus (LV) and 215–06. SU1-bel replicated ...
#1Shengnan Li (Xinjiang Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
#2Xinyan Hu (Xinjiang Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
Last.Huijun Shi (Xinjiang Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
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Infections with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) contribute significantly to health-related economic losses in the beef and dairy industries and are widespread throughout the world. Severe acute BVDV infection is characterized by a gastrointestinal (GI) inflammatory response. The mechanism of inflammatory lesions caused by BVDV remains unknown. The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) network plays a pivotal role as a pacemaker in the generation of electrical slow waves for GI motility, and it is...
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