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Environment International
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#1Na Duan (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 11
Last.Hongbin LiuH-Index: 41
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Abstract The direct use of digestate on farmlands as soil amendment is becoming an uneconomic option for farmers. Moreover, there are serious environmental concerns about its oversupply in regions with intensive biogas plants. Downstream technologies, offering innovative upcycling methods to handle huge amounts of digestate, have absorbed great interest in this context. In this study, three digestate treatment technologies were compared from a life cycle assessment perspective to combine the env...
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#1Shaoyu Tang (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 3
#2Chang He (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 8
Last.Jake O'Brien (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 16
view all 11 authors...
Abstract Exposure to phthalates is a public health concern. In this study, we collected both urine and wastewater samples from 2012 to 2017 and analysed for 14 phthalate metabolites to assess human exposure to phthalates in Southeast Queensland (SEQ), and for associations between phthalate metabolites in urine and wastewater samples. Twenty-four pooled urine samples were prepared from 2400 individual specimens every two years (stratified by age, gender and collection year). Wastewater samples we...
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#1Elias C. Nyanza (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 5
#2Deborah Dewey (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 25
Last.Francois P. Bernier (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 25
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Background Exposure to arsenic and mercury in artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) communities is an issue that predominantly affects low and middle-income countries. Large epidemiology studies in these communities are rare, and the impact of such exposures on reproductive outcomes are not well understood. Objective To examine associations between prenatal maternal arsenic and mercury exposure and birth outcomes in both ASGM and non-ASGM communities in Northern Tanzania. Methods...
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#1Daina Romeo (Empa: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology)
#2Beatrice Salieri (Empa: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology)H-Index: 5
Last.Peter Wick (Empa: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology)H-Index: 36
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Abstract In line with the 3R concept, nanotoxicology is shifting from a phenomenological to a mechanistic approach based on in vitro and in silico methods, with a consequent reduction in animal testing. Risk Assessment (RA) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies, which traditionally rely on in vivo toxicity studies, will not be able to keep up with the pace of development of new nanomaterials unless they adapt to use this new type of data. While tools and models are already available and ...
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#1Ki-Hoon Lee (Griffith University)H-Index: 21
#2Junsung Noh (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 3
Last.Jong Seong Khim (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 34
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The “Blue Economy (BE)” is an increasingly popular concept as a strategy for safeguarding the world’s oceans and water resources. It may emerge when economic activity is in balance with the long term capacity of ocean ecosystems to support the activity in a sustainable manner. Importantly, the concept of BE posits the inherent conflicts between two discourses—growth and development, and protection of ocean resources. The inherent conflicts require solutions to embrace the opportunities ...
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#1Dimitris Evangelopoulos ('KCL': King's College London)
#2Klea Katsouyanni ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 74
Last.Heather Walton ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 16
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Background The use of proxy exposure estimates for PM2.5 and NO2 in air pollution studies instead of personal exposures, introduces measurement error, which can produce biased epidemiological effect estimates. Most studies consider total personal exposure as the gold standard. However, when studying the effects of ambient air pollution, personal exposure from outdoor sources is the exposure of interest. Objectives We assessed the magnitude and variability of exposure measurement error b...
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#1Fu-Ying Tian (Emory University)
#2Todd M. Everson (Emory University)H-Index: 11
Last.Carmen J. Marsit (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 59
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Background/Aim Selenium (Se) levels in pregnancy have been linked to neurobehavioral development of the offspring. DNA methylation is a potential mechanism underlying the impacts of environmental exposures on fetal development; however, very few studies have been done elucidating the role of DNA methylation linking prenatal Se and child neurobehavior. We aimed to investigate the associations between placental Se concentration and epigenome-wide DNA methylation in two U.S. cohorts, and t...
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#1Chong Liu (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 7
#2Yi-Xin Wang (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
Last.Carmen Messerlian (Harvard University)H-Index: 13
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Background Toxicological studies have demonstrated that disinfection by-products (DBPs) can induce oxidative stress, a proposed mechanism that is relevant to adverse birth outcomes. Objective To examine the associations of blood trihalomethanes (THMs) and urinary haloacetic acids (HAAs) with urinary biomarkers of oxidative stress among pregnant women. Methods From 2015 to 2017, a total of 4150 blood and 4232 urine samples were collected from 1748 Chinese women during pregnancy. We deter...
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#1Seo Joon Yoon (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 5
#2Seongjin Hong (CNU: Chungnam National University)H-Index: 22
Last.Peng Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
view all 14 authors...
Abstract The Yellow and Bohai seas comprise one of the most rapidly developing regions in the world, but efforts to assess coastal pollution by persistent toxic substances (PTSs) on wide spatial scale are lacking. The present study aimed to (1) measure the concentrations of PTSs, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), alkylphenols (APs), and styrene oligomers (SOs) via large-scale sediment monitoring (total of 125 locations), (2) assess potential ecological risk of PTSs in sediments to...
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#1Zhuang Zhang (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Min Zhou (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 12
Last.Weihong Chen (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 26
view all 7 authors...
Abstract The lung has been reported to be one of the target organs of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzo-furans (PCDD/Fs) in many toxicological studies. While the associations between PCDD/Fs exposure and lung function levels have not been investigated thoroughly. This study aimed to explore these associations and the potential mediating role of oxidative stress. In this study, 201 foundry workers and 222 non-exposed general residents were recruited from central China, a...
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