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Behavior Research Methods
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#1Qimin Liu (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
#2Lijuan Wang (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 26
Ceiling and floor effects are often observed in social and behavioral science. The current study examines ceiling/floor effects in the context of the t-test and ANOVA, two frequently used statistical methods in experimental studies. Our literature review indicated that most researchers treated ceiling or floor data as if these data were true values, and that some researchers used statistical methods such as discarding ceiling or floor data in conducting the t-test and ANOVA. The current study ev...
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#1Frederic R. Hopp (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 2
#2Jacob T. Fisher (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 3
Last. René Weber (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 12
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Moral intuitions are a central motivator in human behavior. Recent work highlights the importance of moral intuitions for understanding a wide range of issues ranging from online radicalization to vaccine hesitancy. Extracting and analyzing moral content in messages, narratives, and other forms of public discourse is a critical step toward understanding how the psychological influence of moral judgments unfolds at a global scale. Extant approaches for extracting moral content are limited in thei...
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#1Ting WangH-Index: 4
#2Edgar C. Merkle (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 19
Last. Brandon M. Turner (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 21
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Cross-level interactions among fixed effects in linear mixed models (also known as multilevel models) can be complicated by heterogeneity stemming from random effects and residuals. When heterogeneity is present, tests of fixed effects (including cross-level interaction terms) are subject to inflated type I or type II error. While the impact of variance change/heterogeneity has been noticed in the literature, few methods have been proposed to detect this heterogeneity in a simple, systematic way...
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#1Benedetta Cevoli (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)
#2Chris Watkins (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 19
Last. Kathleen Rastle (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 34
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Previous research has speculated that semantic diversity and lexical ambiguity may be closely related constructs. Our research sought to test this claim in respect of the semantic diversity measure proposed by Hoffman et al. (2013). To this end, we replicated the procedure described by Hoffman et al., Behavior Research Methods, 45(3), 718-730 (2013) for computing multidimensional representations of contextual information using Latent Semantic Analysis, and from these we derived semantic diversit...
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#1Hiroki Ozono (Kadai: Kagoshima University)H-Index: 5
#2Asuka Komiya (Hiroshima University)H-Index: 6
Last. Kou Murayama (Kochi University of Technology)H-Index: 32
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There has been considerable interest in empirical research on epistemic emotions, i.e. emotions related to knowledge-generating qualities of cognitive tasks and activities such as curiosity, interest, and surprise. One big challenge when studying epistemic emotions is systematically inducting these emotions in restricted experimental settings. The current study created a novel stimulus set called Magic Curiosity Arousing Tricks (MagicCATs): a collection of 166 short magic trick video clips that ...
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#1Agostino Gibaldi (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 9
#2Silvio P. Sabatini (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 14
Saccades are rapid ballistic eye movements that humans make to direct the fovea to an object of interest. Their kinematics is well defined, showing regular relationships between amplitude, duration, and velocity: the saccadic 'main sequence'. Deviations of eye movements from the main sequence can be used as markers of specific neurological disorders. Despite its significance, there is no general methodological consensus for reliable and repeatable measurements of the main sequence. In this work,...
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#1Qianrao Fu (UU: Utrecht University)
#2Herbert Hoijtink (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 30
Last. Mirjam Moerbeek (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 21
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When two independent means μ1 and μ2 are compared, H0 : μ1 = μ2, H1 : μ1≠μ2, and H2 : μ1 > μ2 are the hypotheses of interest. This paper introduces the R package SSDbain, which can be used to determine the sample size needed to evaluate these hypotheses using the approximate adjusted fractional Bayes factor (AAFBF) implemented in the R package bain. Both the Bayesian t test and the Bayesian Welch’s test are available in this R package. The sample size required will be calculated such that the pr...
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#1María A. Alonso (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 2
#2Emiliano Díez (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
Last. Angel Fernandez (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 15
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With the aim of finding quantitative indicators of the survival relevance for a set of concrete concepts, a subjective rating task was administered to a large sample of college students (N = 300). In the rating task, participants used a five-point scale to rate 750 concepts in one of two survival-relevant dimensions, providing their own judgment about the relevance of each concept in a situation in which either avoiding death (AD) or obtaining food (OF) was of importance. The subjective ratings ...
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#1Matthew Lehet (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
#2Meisam Khalil Arjmandi (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 7
Last. Laura C. Dilley (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 18
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Automatic speech processing devices have become popular for quantifying amounts of ambient language input to children in their home environments. We assessed error rates for language input estimates for the Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) audio processing system, asking whether error rates differed as a function of adult talkers’ gender and whether they were speaking to children or adults. Audio was sampled from within LENA recordings from 23 families with children aged 4–34 months. Human c...
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#1M. Chang (Cornell University)
#2C. J. Brainerd (Cornell University)
Last. S. R. Schmidt (MT: Middle Tennessee State University)
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False memory has been a flourishing research area for decades, and recently there has been considerable interest in how emotional content affects it. Literature reviews have noted a lack of normed materials that vary in emotional valence and arousal as a factor that contributes to the mixed findings on emotion-false memory effects. We report a pool of normed materials of this sort, the Cornell/Cortland Emotional Lists (CEL). This is a Deese/Roediger/McDermott (DRM) type list pool in which words'...
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