Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Papers 3528
1 page of 353 pages (3,528 results)
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Rose Waldron2
Estimated H-index: 2
(MU: Maynooth University),
Jamie McGowan2
Estimated H-index: 2
(MU: Maynooth University)
+ 3 AuthorsSean Doyle30
Estimated H-index: 30
(MU: Maynooth University)
ABSTRACT The European house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is a major source of airborne allergens worldwide and is found in half of European homes. Interactions between microbes and house dust mites (HDM) are considered important factors that allow them to persist in the home. Laboratory studies indicate the European HDM, D. pteronyssinus is a mycophagous mite, capable of utilising a variety of fungi for nutrients, however specific mycolytic digestive enzymes are unknown. Our previou...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Justina Koubová (Sewanee: The University of the South), Tomáš Jehlík (Sewanee: The University of the South)+ 5 AuthorsRadmila Čapková Frydrychová9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Sewanee: The University of the South)
Abstract The attrition of telomeres, the ends of eukaryote chromosomes, and activity of telomerase, the enzyme that restores telomere length, play a role in the ageing process and act as indicators of biological age. A notable feature of advanced eusocial insects is the longevity of reproductive individuals (queens and kings) compared to those from non-reproductive castes (workers and soldiers) within a given species, with a proposed link towards upregulation of telomerase activity in the somati...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Sooa Lim (Hoseo University), Hwakyung Yun3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Hanseo University)
+ 3 AuthorsIn Hee Lee14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Hoseo University)
Abstract Mycoplasmas, the smallest self-replicating organisms, are unique in that they lack cell walls but possess distinctive plasma membranes containing sterol acquired from their growth environment. Although mycoplasmas are known to be successful pathogens in a wide range of animal hosts, including humans, the molecular basis for their virulence and interaction with the host immune systems remains largely unknown. This study was conducted to elucidate the biochemical relationship between myco...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Jie Hu (SWU: Southwest University), Xinyi Wang (SWU: Southwest University)+ 3 AuthorsFei Wang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SWU: Southwest University)
Abstract Negative regulation of the immune signaling pathway involves diverse negative regulators that target different signaling molecules. One of the signaling molecules, DREDD, which activates the NF-κB transcription factor Relish in the IMD pathway, is a homolog of mammalian caspase-8. Some structural related proteins have been identified to regulate the activity of caspase-8 in signaling complex assembly. However, it is unknown in insects whether the IMD pathway undergoes such a down-regula...
Published on 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Alessandro Gaviraghi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro),
Juliana B. R. Correa Soares6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)
+ 2 AuthorsMarcus F. Oliveira29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)
Abstract The huge energy demand posed by insect flight activity is met by an efficient oxidative phosphorylation process that takes place within flight muscle mitochondria. In the major arbovirus vector Aedes aegypti, mitochondrial oxidation of pyruvate, proline and glycerol 3-phosphate (G3P) represent the major energy sources of ATP to sustain flight muscle energy demand. Although adenylates exert critical regulatory effects on several mitochondrial enzyme activities, the potential consequences...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Aniruddha Pandit2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Glas.: University of Glasgow),
Shireen-Anne Davies10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
+ 1 AuthorsJulian A. T. Dow48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
Abstract Insects employ neuropeptides to regulate their growth & development, behaviour, metabolism and their internal milieu. At least 50 neuropeptides are known to date, with some ancestral to the insects and others more specific to particular taxa. In order to understand the evolution and essentiality of neuropeptides, we data mined publicly available high quality genomic or transcriptomic data for 31 species of the largest insect Order, the Coleoptera, chosen to represent the superfamilies’ ...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Vishal Sangha , Ronald J. Nachman48
Estimated H-index: 48
+ 1 AuthorsIan Orchard44
Estimated H-index: 44
Abstract In the Chagas disease vector Rhodnius prolixus, the kinin and CAPA family of neuropeptides are implicated in feeding and diuresis-related behaviours, with Rhopr-kinins stimulating contractions of the midgut, salivary glands, and hindgut, and RhoprCAPA-2 functioning as an anti-diuretic hormone. The current study examined the effects of kinin and CAPA neuropeptides and their analogs on feeding and diuresis, and on hindgut contractions and MT fluid secretion in R. prolixus. The biostable A...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.62
Zongyuan Ma (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Jipeng Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Xiaojiao Guo (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract Cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein (CRALBP) is abundantly expressed in retina and its mutations are associated with visual impairments. The functions of CRALBP are less known in extra retinal tissues. Herein, we study the function of CRALBP in modulating olfactory behaviors in gregarious and solitary locusts. The expressions of cralbp mRNA and protein were enriched in locust brains and antennae. RNAi knockdown of cralbp in gregarious locusts decreased their attractive response to gr...