European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Papers 6760
1 page of 676 pages (6,760 results)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has confounded the healthcare system organizations, especially in Italy, in the management of a dramatically increasing number of patients over a short period of time. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may cause interstitial pneumonia and respiratory distress syndrome, which can lead to multi-organ failure. During the acute phase of COVID-19 pneumonia, patients may need noninvasive ventilation, CPAP or NIV, or endotracheal intubation...
Fluid balance management in hospitalized patients is hampered by the limited sensitivity of currently available tools. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of total body electrical resistance (TBER) measurements for the detection of extracellular volume (ECV) expansion. TBER and plasma resistivity (ρplasma) were measured during a 4-h infusion of NaCl 0.9% at a rate of 500 mL/h in 23 patients undergoing a diagnostic saline infusion test for primary hyperaldosteronism. Extracellular...
#1Sibel ArincH-Index: 4
#2Meltem AgcaH-Index: 2
Last. Feride YamanH-Index: 1
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This study aimed to assess nutritional statuses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in four categories of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2015 classification and to evaluate associations of body mass index (BMI) and fat-free mass index with respiratory and skeletal muscle strengths. This prospective observational study included COPD patients (≥40 years old) who were followed-up for at least 1 year. Medical histories, smoking status, and anth...
#1Ritesh GuptaH-Index: 3
#2Akhtar Hussain (UFC: Federal University of Ceará)H-Index: 25
Last. Anoop MisraH-Index: 47
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Patients with diabetes who get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of a severe disease course and mortality. Several factors especially the impaired immune response, heightened inflammatory response and hypercoagulable state contribute to the increased disease severity. However, there are many contentious issues about which the evidence is rather limited. There are some theoretical concerns about the effects of different anti-hyperglycaemic drugs. Similarly, despite the recognition o...
#1Xiaowen Huang (Zhengzhou University)H-Index: 1
#2Qinglin Zhao (Zhengzhou University)
Last. Chengda Zhang (Tulane University)H-Index: 2
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Age and lower folate concentrations are well-known risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the potential roles of age and folate deficiency in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), especially in HHcy patients with abnormal methylation levels of key enzyme genes promoter in homocysteinemia (Hcy) pathway, have not been thoroughly evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the promoter methylation levels of six key enzyme genes and age and serum folate level to ...
#1Simona Bertoli (University of Milan)H-Index: 21
#2Silvia Masnada (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 5
Last. Valentina De GiorgisH-Index: 11
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Glucose Transporter 1 Deficiency Syndrome (GLUT1-DS; OMIM #606777) is a rare disease caused by dominant mutations in SLC2A1 encoding GLUT1, which is a ubiquitous transporter of glucose across plasma membranes, particularly across the blood-brain barrier. Hypoglycorrhachia symptoms are the cornerstones of GLUT1-DS, but delayed growth has also been suggested. This led us to investigate, at diagnosis, the relationship between the glycemia/glycorrhachia ratio and the nutritional and growth pattern p...
#1Gaoli Liu (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 1
#2Shaowen Zhang (WHU: Wuhan University)
Last. Haifeng Hu (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 1
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The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional risks among older patients with COVID-19 and their associated clinical outcomes using four nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutrition Assessment Shortcut (MNA-sf), and Nutrition Risk Index (NRI). We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with COVID-19 older than 65 years who were treated in our hospital from January 28, 2020 to March 5, 20...
#1Qinpei Zou (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
#2Huijun Wang (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 14
Last. Bing Zhang (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 14
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To examine the effects of physical activity (PA) in adults with or without prehypertension at baseline on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and hypertension risk by gender. A total of 5986 men and 6525 women (≥18 years old) without hypertension-related disease at baseline who attended surveys from China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991–2015) at least twice were selected. In terms of the nested data structure, three-level random intercept growth model and three-level...
#1Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 9
#2Cristiana Cortes-Oliveira (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 4
Last. Carla Barbosa Nonino (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 11
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We aimed to investigate the effects of short-term hypocaloric diet-induced weight loss on DNA methylation profile in leukocytes from women with severe obesity. Eleven women with morbid obesity (age: 36.9 ± 10.3 years; BMI: 58.5 ± 10.5 kg/m2) were assessed before and after 6 weeks of a hypocaloric dietary intervention. The participants were compared with women of average weight and the same age (age: 36.9 ± 11.8 years; BMI: 22.5 ± 1.6 kg/m2). Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis was performed in ...
#1Çiğdem Köroğlu (NIH: National Institutes of Health)
#2Marci E. Gluck (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 19
Last. Leslie J. Baier (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 36
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Nighttime eating (NE) behavior has a genetic component and predicts weight gain. We hypothesized that some genetic variants, which affect NE would also show an effect on body mass index (BMI). We aimed to determine which known BMI variants associate with NE in Southwestern American Indians (SWAIs), who are at elevated risk for obesity. Known BMI variants from the GIANT-UK Biobank meta-analysis (N = 700,000) were analysed in SWAIs characterized for NE during an inpatient 3-day protocol. Variants ...
Top fields of study
Body mass index
Diabetes mellitus