Nutrition Research
Papers 5367
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#1Li Feng (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
#2Rumana Yasmeen (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 6
Last.Thomas T. Y. Wang (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 28
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Abstract Resveratrol (Res), a natural polyphenol compound found in grapes and red wine has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-carcinogenic effects. However, pro-inflammatory/tumor-promoting properties of Res have also been reported, rendering the polyphenol's reported therapeutic benefits less convincing and controversial. In order to evaluate the underlying plausible factors contributing to the differential immunomodulatory effects imparted by Res, herein, we invest...
#1Erina Albinsson-Stenholm (Linköping University)
#2Johannes Bergsén (Linköping University)
Last.Fredrik H. Nystrom (Linköping University)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Little is known about postprandial release of serum ghrelin, glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in relation with differing fasting insulin levels. We hypothesized that these hormones are affected by insulin resistance and hence we compared different postprandial responses of GLP-1, glucagon and ghrelin in subjects with relatively high (RHI) or relatively low (RLI) fasting insulin levels. The trial was a randomized cross-over study with four different meal conditions. Fourteen ...
#2Songsak PetmitrH-Index: 14
Last.Karunee KwanbunjanH-Index: 3
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#1Miori Tanaka (Ochanomizu University)H-Index: 2
#2Ayako Sugama (Ochanomizu University)
Last.Kaoruko Iida (Ochanomizu University)H-Index: 17
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Abstract Obesity-induced chronic inflammation in adipose tissue plays a critical role in the development of insulin resistance and various lifestyle-related diseases. Although gallic acid (GA) is known to exert protective effects on obesity-related complications, its function in adipose tissue inflammation has not been elucidated. Recently, we reported that GA exerts protective effects against inflammation. To test our hypothesis that the anti-inflammatory effect of GA partially contributes to t...
#1Zdeněk Chmelík (Charles University in Prague)
#2Michaela Šnejdrlová (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 3
Last.Michal Vrablik (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 19
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Abstract The aim of this review was to summarize data regarding amaranth as a potential component of lifestyle modification to improve cardiovascular risk profiles by modifying cardiovascular risk factors such as cholesterol, diabetes, and hypertension. PubMed was searched for appropriate articles. The main inclusion criteria for articles were as follows: interventions with amaranth; conducted in humans or animals or in vitro; and reported serum lipids and lipoprotein levels; and antidiabetic, a...
#1Grace Allmark (University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust)
#2Philip C. Calder (University of Southampton)H-Index: 105
Last.Luise V Marino (University of Southampton)
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Abstract To improve nutritional outcomes of community dwelling adults with malnutrition we identified three related hypotheses to be tested: i) Southampton Community Prescribing Support Service dietitians achieve 100% compliance with selected standards of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Clinical Guideline (CG) 32, ii) patient service satisfaction amongst community dwelling adults accessing the prescribing support service is high (90%), and iii) nationally, dietitians us...
Abstract The amount of irreparable DNA damage is a function of the rate of cell division, and the association between sex hormones and the risk of breast cancer has been explained by an increase in cell division. Folate intake insufficiency leads to disturbances in DNA replication and DNA repair. We hypothesized that folate intake insufficiency and high serum concentrations of sex hormones act synergistically on the risk of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction ...
#1Zahra Safari (Medical University of Graz)
#2Magali Monnoye (Université Paris-Saclay)
Last.Kurt Zatloukal (Medical University of Graz)H-Index: 57
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Abstract Many studies have recently shown that diet and its impact on gut microbiota are closely related to obesity and metabolic diseases including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Gut microbiota may be an important intermediate link, causing gastrointestinal and metabolic diseases under the influence of changes in diet and genetic predisposition. The aim of this study was to assess the reversibility of liver phenotype in parallel with exploring the resilience of the mice gut microbiot...
#1František Novák (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 11
#2Marek Vecka (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 13
Last.Olga Nováková (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) modulate immune cell functions. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of different lipid emulsions (LEs) with supplemented doses of fish oil (FO) on serum cytokine concentration and in vitro cytokine production in patients with intestinal failure on home parenteral nutrition (HPNPs). We hypothesized that FO supplementation would diminish lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytokine production. Twelve HPNPs re...
#1Shaobao Zhang (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 3
#2Lei Lin (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 2
Last.Zhiyong Xie (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 10
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Abstract The pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia (FD) is multifactorial, and the gut microbiota may play a significant role. Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been widely used in the treatment of FD, and appears to influence the gut microbiota. Therefore, we hypothesized that SLBZS would alleviate dyspeptic symptoms by adjusting the composition of the gut microbiota. To test this hypothesis, we aimed to evaluate the effects of SLBZS on FD and elucidate th...
Top fields of study
Diabetes mellitus