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Nutrition Research
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#1Yi-Hsun ChenH-Index: 1
#2Chien-Chao ChiuH-Index: 5
Last.Hsiao-Li ChuangH-Index: 7
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Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a serious liver disorder and characterized by the hepatic accumulation of excess fatty acids. Clinical studies and animal models have shown a shift of gut microbiota from bacteroidetes to firmicutes in NAFLD patients and a diet-induced NAFLD mouse model. Therefore, we hypothesized that these two groups of bacteria may have differential effects on lipid metabolism in the liver, which further contributed to pathogenesis of NAFLD. To elucidate th...
#1Jiajia YangH-Index: 3
#2Yaping YuanH-Index: 2
Last.Yan-Feng ZouH-Index: 16
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Abstract Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are not only involved in individual growth and metabolism, but they are also associated with inflammation and homeostasis of articular cartilage and bone. Recent studies have identified the involvement of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Nevertheless, the results were inconsistent, and the relevant data were not synthetically assessed. Therefore, this review ...
#1Liana L. Rodrigues (UGA: University of Georgia)
#2Jamie A. Cooper (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 12
Last.Chad M. Paton (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Walnuts are a nutrient dense food, but most health research is on English walnuts (EW). Black walnuts (BW) contain a different antioxidant and fatty acid profile, and more protein, compared to EW. The purpose of the study was to compare postprandial responses following the consumption of 3 breakfast meals containing either butter (control), BW, or EW. We hypothesized that walnut-containing meals would mitigate post-meal increases in glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and lipid peroxidatio...
#1Fatemeh Haidari (Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 12
#2Abdollah Hojhabrimanesh (Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences)
Last.Kambiz Ahmadi-Angali (Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
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Abstract The efficacy of β-cryptoxanthin (BCX), a high-protein diet (HPD), or both in reducing oxidative stress and inflammation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has never been examined within a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Thus, we aimed to assess the efficacy of an energy-restricted HPD supplemented with BCX in alleviating these conditions in NAFLD in a RCT design. We hypothesized that this combination may improve oxidative stress and inflammation in NAFLD, as compared to a s...
#1Payam SarrafH-Index: 4
#2Mohammad ParohanH-Index: 1
Last.Mahmoud DjalaliH-Index: 19
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Abstract The reduction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) affects cognitive function, learning, and memory and also causes behavioral disorders. Several randomized controlled trials have examined the neuroprotective effects of curcumin and its ability to increase BDNF levels, with inconclusive results. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of curcumin supplementation on serum BDNF levels. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, IS...
#1Yuki Shimizu (Hiroshima University)
#2Takuya Suzuki (Hiroshima University)H-Index: 25
Abstract Brazilian propolis is rich in cinnamic acid derivatives and reportedly reduces intestinal inflammation in rodents; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesized that the regulation of tight junction (TJ) barrier, Th17 cell differentiation, and/or, macrophage activation by cinnamic acid derivatives were involved in the propolis-mediated anti-inflammatory effect. Mice were orally administered 2% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in combination with either the feeding contr...
#1Keneil K. Shah (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 2
#2Rebeka Verma (RU: Rutgers University)
Last.John D. Bogden (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract This review was written to update the Review that we published in Nutrition Research in 2007 by examining studies published in the last eleven years, which describe the effects of trace mineral deficiencies and micronutrient supplementation on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and its progression. In addition, we included studies that explore the interactions between Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) and micronutrient nutrition, focusing on the essential trace min...
#1Qixuan Chen (CFIA: Canadian Food Inspection Agency)
#2Eleonora Swist (Health Canada)H-Index: 9
Last.Kylie A. Scoggan (Health Canada)H-Index: 7
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Abstract The influence of the source of fermentable material (FM) on the luminal concentrations of their end products and its effects on colon cell metabolism and disease susceptibility is not well characterized. We hypothesized that total fermentation but not the source (type) of FM would be the main factor in determining cellular /molecular outcomes in the healthy colon epithelia. The main aim of this study was to elucidate the role of two different sources of FM, fructooligosaccharides (FOS) ...
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