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Developmental Review
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Abstract Individuals with trait social anxiety are disposed to be wary of others. Although feeling social anxiety is unpleasant, evolutionary psychologists consider it to be an adaptation. In current models, social anxiety is described as functioning to have helped our prehistoric ancestors avoid social threat by warning individuals when their interactions with other group members were likely to be negative and motivating them to act in ways to prevent conflict or limit its damage. Thus, trait s...
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Abstract Previous research presents no clear picture of the association between caregiver–child attachment and the two hallmarks of children’s mentalizing abilities: false-belief understanding (FBU) and emotion understanding (EU). The present meta-analytic study investigated four questions: (a) what is the pooled correlation between attachment and children’s mentalizing abilities, as indicated by FBU and EU?; (b) are there differences in the magnitude of correlations between attachment and FBU o...
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#1Annabelle L. Atkin (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 3
#2Hyung Chol Yoo (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 13
Abstract Multiracial youth are currently the largest demographic group among individuals 18 and under in the United States (Saulny, 2011), and yet there is a dearth of research examining the development of these uniquely racialized individuals. In this article, we systematically review the qualitative and quantitative research available across disciplines regarding how caregivers engage in racial-ethnic socialization with Multiracial American youth to transmit knowledge about race, ethnicity, an...
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#1Marie Camerota (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 5
#2Cathi B. Propper (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 18
Last.Douglas M. Teti (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 28
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Abstract Sleep patterns change dramatically across the earliest years of life and play an important role in children’s daytime functioning. As a result, psychological research has taken an increasing interest in unpacking the many intrinsic (i.e., child characteristics) and extrinsic (i.e., environmental input) factors that influence children’s sleep development. Considerably less attention has been given to understanding the transactional relationships among intrinsic and extrinsic factors, or ...
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#1Alexandra Marquis (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 5
#2Nicole A. Sugden (UBC: University of British Columbia)
Abstract Infants’ earliest attention shows prioritization of social and communicative signals – faces. Not all faces receive equal attention; infants show early preferential attention to some face types over others. Although the pattern is not consistent across studies, potentially because infant experience varies, sample sizes and effect sizes are small, and methodological parameters are inconsistent, infants seem to show dynamic preferential attention first to familiar or caregiver-like (e.g.,...
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#1Ellen A. Skinner (PSU: Portland State University)H-Index: 34
#2Emily SaxtonH-Index: 3
Abstract Using a developmental motivational framework, this review synthesized findings from 66 studies focusing on the academic coping of children and youth from 2nd to 12th grade. After reviewing 22 measures of academic coping and recoding the ways of coping assessed in each, we used four main questions to organize study findings: (1) Does coping play a role in students’ academic functioning and success, and does this role differ for children and youth of different ages/grades? (2) What strate...
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#1Anita Rowe (Ulster University)H-Index: 1
#2Jill Titterington (Ulster University)H-Index: 2
Last.Laurence Taggart (Ulster University)H-Index: 18
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It has been suggested that diverse interventions applied within children’s everyday contexts have the potential to improve working memory (WM) and produce transfer to real-world skills but little is known about the effectiveness of these approaches. This review aims to examine systematically the effectiveness of non-computerised interventions with 4- 11 year olds to identify: i) their effects on WM; ii) whether benefits extend to near- and far-transfer measures; iii) if gains are sustained over ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Abigail Fiske (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 1
#2Karla Holmboe (University of Oxford)H-Index: 10
Abstract In the last decade, advances in neuroimaging technologies have given rise to a large number of research studies that investigate the neural underpinnings of executive function (EF). EF has long been associated with the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and involves both a unified, general element, as well as the distinct, separable elements of working memory, inhibitory control and set shifting. We will highlight the value of utilising advances in neuroimaging techniques to uncover answers to som...
2 CitationsSource
#1Brittany N. Thompson (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 1
#2Thalia R. Goldstein (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 11
Abstract Pretend play is a central component of child development, but causal inferences about its effects are difficult to make due to inconsistencies in definitions and measurement. A thorough analysis of how pretense is measured, coherences and disagreements in measurement strategies, and the behaviors involved in pretend play is needed. We review 199 empirical articles where pretend play was measured and propose a new hierarchical developmental progression of pretend play, rooted in developm...
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#1Xiaoxue Fu (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 5
#2Koraly Pérez-Edgar (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 33
Abstract Cross-sectional evidence suggests that attention bias to threat is linked to anxiety disorders and anxiety vulnerability in both children and adults. However, there is a lack of developmental evidence regarding the causal mechanisms through which attention bias to threat might convey risks for socioemotional problems, such as anxiety. Gaining insights into this question demands longitudinal research to track the complex interplay between threat-related attention and socioemotional funct...
5 CitationsSource
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