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Developmental Review
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#1Martin J. Doherty (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 18
#2Josef Perner (University of Salzburg)H-Index: 52
Abstract We use mental files theory to provide an integral theory of children’s diverse dual naming problems and why these problems are overcome when children pass the false belief test. When an object is encountered under different appearances or given different verbal labels, two distinct representations (mental files) may be deployed for that single object. The resulting files refer to the same object but capture different perspectives on the object. Such coreferential files can thus be used ...
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#1Steven J. Holochwost (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 9
Last. W. Roger Mills-Koonce (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 20
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Abstract The association between poverty and the activity of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis in early childhood is well established. Both ecological and transactional theories suggest that one way in which poverty may influence children’s HPA-axis activity is through its effects on parents’ behaviors, and over the past three decades a substantial literature has accumulated indicating that variations in these behaviors are associated with individual differences in young children’s H...
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#1Drew H. Bailey (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 22
#2Jade Marcus Jenkins (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 6
Last. Daniela Alvarez-Vargas (UCI: University of California, Irvine)
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Abstract The sustaining environments hypothesis refers to the popular idea, stemming from theories in developmental, cognitive, and educational psychology, that the long-term success of early educational interventions is contingent on the quality of the subsequent learning environment. Several studies have investigated whether specific kindergarten classroom and other elementary school factors account for patterns of persistence and fadeout of early educational interventions. These analyses focu...
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#1Tara A. Karasewich (Queen's University)H-Index: 1
#2Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (Queen's University)H-Index: 15
Abstract Individuals with trait social anxiety are disposed to be wary of others. Although feeling social anxiety is unpleasant, evolutionary psychologists consider it to be an adaptation. In current models, social anxiety is described as functioning to have helped our prehistoric ancestors avoid social threat by warning individuals when their interactions with other group members were likely to be negative and motivating them to act in ways to prevent conflict or limit its damage. Thus, trait s...
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#1Romina Vivaldi (Staffordshire University)
#2Richard P. Jolley (Staffordshire University)H-Index: 14
Last. Sarah E. Rose (Staffordshire University)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Pictorial symbols have multiple layers of meaning: not only do they represent objects, events and ideas about the world, they also represent the intentions of artists as well as other artist attributes (age, skill, originality and knowledge, mood, style and sentience). Although children’s developmental milestones of pictorial understanding have been extensively studied, their understanding of the relation between artists and pictures has often been neglected. The aim of this article was...
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#1Hanna Schleihauf (GAU: University of Göttingen)H-Index: 1
#2Stefanie Hoehl (University of Vienna)H-Index: 20
Abstract Children and adults tend to imitate actions that are causally irrelevant to accomplishing a goal; they “over-imitate.” It has been discussed that humans over-imitate either because of erroneous causal reasoning, meaning that they do not recognize demonstrated actions as being irrelevant, or because of social motivation, for example, because they want to follow a norm or affiliate with the demonstrator. Recent findings give reason to believe that neither of these accounts alone is suffic...
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Abstract Obtaining sufficient sleep is a protective factor against mental and physical ill-health. However, evidence suggests that, among adolescents, the proliferation of mobile devices has contributed to a decline in sleep quality and duration over the past few decades. There is a paucity of research on the relationship between sleep and problematic smartphone use. Of the studies which have researched this association, all have relied on homogeneous samples within specific cultural contexts. T...
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#1Moniek A. J. Zeegers (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 3
#2Elizabeth Meins (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 32
Last. Cristina Colonnesi (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Previous research presents no clear picture of the association between caregiver–child attachment and the two hallmarks of children’s mentalizing abilities: false-belief understanding (FBU) and emotion understanding (EU). The present meta-analytic study investigated four questions: (a) what is the pooled correlation between attachment and children’s mentalizing abilities, as indicated by FBU and EU?; (b) are there differences in the magnitude of correlations between attachment and FBU o...
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#1Alexandra Marquis (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 5
#2Nicole A. Sugden (UBC: University of British Columbia)
Abstract Infants’ earliest attention shows prioritization of social and communicative signals – faces. Not all faces receive equal attention; infants show early preferential attention to some face types over others. Although the pattern is not consistent across studies, potentially because infant experience varies, sample sizes and effect sizes are small, and methodological parameters are inconsistent, infants seem to show dynamic preferential attention first to familiar or caregiver-like (e.g.,...
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#1Ellen A. Skinner (PSU: Portland State University)H-Index: 34
#2Emily SaxtonH-Index: 3
Abstract Using a developmental motivational framework, this review synthesized findings from 66 studies focusing on the academic coping of children and youth from 2nd to 12th grade. After reviewing 22 measures of academic coping and recoding the ways of coping assessed in each, we used four main questions to organize study findings: (1) Does coping play a role in students’ academic functioning and success, and does this role differ for children and youth of different ages/grades? (2) What strate...
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