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#1Jasper H. Fabius (Glas.: University of Glasgow)
#2Tanja C.W. Nijboer (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 20
Last. Stefan Van der Stigchel (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Visual perception is introspectively stable and continuous across eye movements. It has been hypothesized that displacements in retinal input caused by eye movements can be dissociated from displacements in the external world using extra-retinal information, such as a corollary discharge from the oculomotor system. The extra-retinal information can inform the visual system about an upcoming eye movement and accompanying displacements in retinal input. The parietal cortex has been hypoth...
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#1Kruti M. VekariaH-Index: 2
Last. Abigail A. MarshH-Index: 33
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Abstract Everyday prosociality includes helping behaviors such as holding doors or giving directions that are spontaneous and low-cost and are performed frequently by the average person. Such behaviors promote a wide array of positive outcomes that include increased well-being, trust, and social capital, but the cognitive and neural mechanisms that support these behaviors are not yet well understood. Whereas costly altruistic responding to others’ distress is associated with elevated reactivity ...
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#1Noham Wolpe (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 7
#2Frank H. Hezemans (Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit)
Last. James B. Rowe (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 57
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Abstract An alien limb is a debilitating disorder of volitional control. The core feature of alien limb is the performance of simple or semi-purposeful movements which the patient reports to be unintentional or unwanted, or occasionally in opposition to their intentions. Theories of the mechanism of alien limb phenomena have emphasised the role of disinhibition in the brain, and exaggerated action ‘affordances’. However, despite advances in cognitive neuroscience research and a large public and ...
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#1Johannes T. Krautheim (University of Giessen)
Last. Tilo KircherH-Index: 51
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Abstract The distinction between different facial emotions is crucial for interpersonal communication. Shared neural circuits for facial emotion production and perception are considered to facilitate the ability to understand other's emotional state via mirror neuron mechanisms. Little is known about how diverse emotions differentially activate the Mirror Neuron System (MNS) during facial expression processing. In a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) task, 178 healthy subjects perceive...
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Abstract Neuralgic amyotrophy is a common peripheral nerve disorder caused by acute autoimmune inflammation of the brachial plexus. Subsequent weakness of the stabilizing shoulder muscles leads to compensatory strategies and abnormal motor control of the shoulder. Despite recovery of peripheral nerves and muscle strength over time, motor dysfunction often persists. Suboptimal motor recovery has been linked to maladaptive changes in the central motor system in several nervous system disorders. We...
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#1O Maddaluno (University of Milano-Bicocca)H-Index: 1
#2G Guidali (University of Milano-Bicocca)
Last. Nadia Bolognini (University of Milano-Bicocca)H-Index: 29
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Abstract Paired associative stimulation (PAS) protocols can be used to induce Hebbian plasticity in the human brain. A modified, cross-modal version, of the PAS (cross-modal PAS, cm-PAS) has been recently developed. The cm-PAS consists in the repetitive pairings of a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulse over the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) and a visual stimulus depicting a hand being touched; a 20 ms of inter-stimulus interval (ISI) is required to affect S1 plasticity, in turn mod...
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#1Miriam Steines (University of Marburg)H-Index: 4
#2Johannes T. Krautheim (University of Marburg)H-Index: 1
Last. Benjamin Straube (University of Marburg)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Social group membership modulates the neural processing of emotional facial expressions, which, in turn, recruits part of the neural production system. However, little is known about how mixed – and potential conflicting – social identity cues affect this mechanism. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that incongruent cues of two group memberships (ethnic and experimentally created minimal groups) elicit conflict processing for neutral and, in particular, angry facial expressions. W...
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#1Roberta Vastano (Miami Project to Cure Paralysis)H-Index: 3
#2Ettore Ambrosini (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 17
Last. Marcel Brass (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 51
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Abstract The fluency with which we plan and execute actions has been demonstrated to increase our sense of agency (SoA). However, the exact mechanisms how fluency influences SoA are still poorly understood. It is an open question whether this effect is primarily driven by fluency of stimulus processing, response preparation or by processes following response execution. In the current study we aim at addressing this question by measuring event-related potentials reflecting pre- and post-response ...
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#1Louisa J. Rinaldi (University of Sussex)
#2Rebecca Smees (University of Sussex)H-Index: 12
Last. Julia Simner (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Grapheme-colour synaesthesia is a neurological trait that causes lifelong colour associations for letter and numbers. Synaesthesia studies have demonstrated differences between synaesthetes and non-synaesthetes in ways that extend beyond synaesthesia itself (e.g., differences in their cognition, personality, and creativity). This research has focused almost exclusively on adult synaesthetes, and little is known about the profiles of synaesthetic children. By and large, findings suggest ...
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