Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Papers 9627
1 page of 963 pages (9,627 results)
Abstract An L-shaped shell deformity (LSSD) on the posterior shell edge is known exclusively in wild mytilid mussels infected with photosynthetic Coccomyxa-like algae. LSSD forms due to the appearance of extra shell material; it is only possible if the mussel is heavily infected with the alga. Traditionally, observation of high amount of the green spots (algal colonies) on a large area of host soft tissues (most of the mantle and in adductor muscle) has been used to indicate a high infection rat...
Abstract The safety of the entomopathogenic bacterium Brevibacillus laterosporus for the natural insect predator Chrysoperla agilis was evaluated in this study. For this purpose, laboratory bioassays were conducted exposing different larval instars and adults of the chrysopid to bacterial spore preparations, in order to evaluate the possible effects on survival, longevity, immature development, and adult reproductive performance. The sub-lethal effects were investigated by feeding the bacterium ...
Abstract The Chinese oak silkworm, Antheraea pernyi, is an important alternate host for mass production of Trichogramma parasitoids, which play a vital role in the biological control of lepidopterous pests in China. The quality of A. pernyi eggs is particularly important for mass production of these parasitoids. In this study, a pathogenic bacterium, isolated and purified from A. pernyi eggs that had turned gray in color, was identified as Serratia marcescens. We used morphology, biochemistry an...
Abstract The fungal insect pathogen Beauveria bassiana produces a range of insecticidal metabolites and enzymes, including chitinases and proteases, which may assist the disease progression. The enzymes often play a predominant role in the pathogenicity pathway and both chitinases and proteases have previously been shown to be important in host infection. Spray application of supernatants of B. bassiana broth cultures of an isolate from New Zealand caused significant mortality in the green peach...
Abstract The beetle Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) causes severe post-harvest losses in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Under laboratory conditions, the susceptibility of A. obtectus to five coleopteran-specific Cry toxic proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Cry1Ba, Cry1Ia, Cry3Aa, Cry7Ab, and Cry23/37) was evaluated. After 30 days exposure, Cry proteins demonstrated high activity against A. obtectus adults (100% mortality). Proteins showed statistical differences in toxicity parameters c...
Abstract Associations between endosymbiotic bacteria and their hosts are widespread in nature and have been demonstrated extensively; however, only a few studies have examined how facultative symbionts affect host nutrition and metabolism. To gain insight into the associations between facultative symbionts and host nutrition and metabolic activity, we detected endosymbiotic infection in a small spider species, Hylyphantes graminicola, and established two infectious strains, i.e., W-C+ (Wolbachia...
Abstract Insects fight against invading microbial pathogens through various immune-related measures that comprise ‘internal’, ‘external’ as well as ‘social’ immunities. The defenses by external immunity associated with the cuticular integument are supposed to be of particular importance in repelling entomopathogenic fungi that infect host insects transcutaneously. Among such integument-related defenses, external secretions of benzoquinone derivatives typical of tenebrionid beetles have been sugg...
Abstract Ovipleistophora diplostomuri (Microsporidia) is an obligate parasite of fish and trematodes in the US. In April 2019, an individual crayfish, Procambarus bivittatus (Escambia River, Florida), with a high-intensity microsporidian infection was delivered to the Emerging Pathogens Institute. Histological analysis determined that infection was restricted to the muscle tissue. Molecular diagnostics (PCR) provided 952 bp of the parasite SSU (18S) sequence. The isolate was 99.16% similar to O....
Abstract The Myxozoa are endoparasites characterized by a two-host life cycle that typically involves invertebrates and vertebrates as definitive and intermediate hosts, respectively. However, little is known about invertebrate-myxosporean interactions, particularly about patterns of host immune defense. We used RNA-sequencing to identify genes that are possibly involved in the immune responses of the oligochaete Branchiura sowerbyi naturally infected with Myxobolus cultus. De novo assembly of t...
Abstract Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ai belongs to three-domain Cry toxins and only shows growth inhibition effects against the agricultural pest Helicoverpa armigera, although it exhibits high toxicity against the non-target insect Bombyx mori. In previous studies, loop2 and loop3 on domain II from Cry1Ah were found to be related to binding and high toxicity against H. armigera. However, toxicity for B. mori of Cry1Ai-h-loop2, obtained by replacing loop 2 from Cry1Ah into Cry1Ai, was not modifie...
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