Journal of Affective Disorders
Papers 11929
1 page of 1,193 pages (11.9k results)
Abstract Background Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) are used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED). Recently, the antidepressant-like effect of PDE5Is was demonstrated in animal models of depression. In clinical settings, PDE5Is were studied only for ED associated depression. Hence, there are no studies evaluating the effects of PDE5Is for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) without ED. In this review article, we aimed to discuss the use of PDE5Is in the context of MDD, highlig...
Abstract Background Depression has been known to affect memory and other cognitive domains. The objective of this longitudinal cohort study was to investigate longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms at age 31 years and visual memory and new learning at the age of 46 years. We investigated whether depressive symptoms at age 31 predicted visual memory deficits at age 46 years, and whether changes in depressive symptoms between 31 and 46 years predicted visual memory at age 46. Method...
Abstract Background : After the one-child policy has been effective for over 30 years, China implemented the universal two-child policy in 2015. The number of high-risk pregnant women had increased dramatically ever since, increasing negative health outcomes for both mothers and children. Our study aims to investigate the status of anxiety, psychological stress sources, and psychological capital among women pregnant with a second child, and to assess influencing factors and correlations, providi...
ABSTRACT Background To examine the association between narcolepsy and anxiety disorders. Methods This population-based, retrospective case-control study analyzed Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 2000 and 2013. We included narcoleptic patients aged at least 12 years, diagnosed according to the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code 347. The cases and the propensity score-matched controls were selected in a 1:4 rati...
Abstract Background Recent research suggested that oxytocin might be associated with prenatal anxiety or depression. Also, our previous study indicated that resilience could buffer the effect of stress on prenatal anxiety and depression, which is a kind of psychological adjustment ability to stress in life. The effects of oxytocin and resilience are supposed to be similar but no study was carried out to find the association between them. Current evidence on the effect of oxytocin on prenatal men...
Abstract Background Depressive symptoms are common among older people which are associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the associated risk factors for depressive symptoms among older people in Bangladesh. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 400 people aged ≥65 years from the Meherpur district in Bangladesh. Depressive symptoms were measured by the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale and categorized into: no depressive symptoms,...
Abstract Background There is current interest in the elaboration of early intervention programs for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). To this end, it is important to investigate the speed of progression from subthreshold symptoms to diagnosable OCD. In this study, we have retrospectively investigated the speed of progression towards full-blown OCD and sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with a faster transition. Methods Patients enrolled in the Brazilian Research Consortium on Ob...
Abstract Introduction Previous studies in Western countries have examined the association between prenatal smoking and risk for Postpartum depression (PPD). However, evidence from Japan is lacking, despite the high prevalence of smoking among pregnant women. Therefore, we examined the association between prenatal smoking and PPD among pregnant Japanese women. Methods We analyzed data for up to 1 month after childbirth from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), a nationwide birth coh...
Abstract Background There is urgent need for development and evaluation of targeted interventions for cognitive deficits in (partially) remitted major depression. Until now the analyses of the moderators of treatment efficacy were only examined in mixed samples of patients with schizophrenia, affective spectrum and schizoaffective disorders. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate the predictors of cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) improvement in a sample of (partially) remitted major depre...
Abstract Objective The relationship between ketamine's hallucinogenic- and dissociative-type effects and antidepressant mechanism of action is poorly understood. This paper reviewed the correlation between subjective effects defined by various psychometric scales and observed clinical outcomes in the treatment of patients with Major Depressive Disorder ( MDD ). Methods Based on PRISMA guidelines, we reviewed the dissociative and psychotomimetic mental state induced with ketamine during MDD treat...
Top fields of study
Bipolar disorder
Clinical psychology