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Journal of Transport and Land Use
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#1Louis A Merlin (Atlantic University)H-Index: 1
#1Louis A. MerlinH-Index: 6
Last. Eric DumbaughH-Index: 10
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This paper examines the relationship between residential accessibility, i.e., accessibility from a person’s home address, and their likelihood of being in a crash over a three-year period. We explore two potential relationships with accessibility. The first is that persons who live in areas with high destination accessibility may drive less and therefore are less likely to be in vehicular crashes. The second is that persons who live in high vehicle miles traveled (VMT) accessibility areas may be...
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#1Wanle WangH-Index: 1
#2Ming Zhong (WUT: Wuhan University of Technology)H-Index: 7
Last. John E AbrahamH-Index: 14
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A precise and stable microsimulation space development module is fundamental for supporting various policy decision-making exercises related to land development. This paper studies the dynamics or uncertainty of outputs of the parcel-based space development module of an integrated land-use and transport forecasting model—the Baltimore PECAS Demo Model. It is tested with two sub-studies: (1) running the model three times over the entire planning window from 2000 to 2030; and (2) running the model...
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#2Tae-Hyoung Tommy Gim (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 4
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Sustainable mobility is gaining increasing attention as it is seen as an approach to effectively reduce automobile travel and simultaneously encourage other modes of travel. To this end, it is imperative that scholars provide planners and policymakers with adequate empirical evidence to enable them to make informed decisions. In this sense, this study attempts to understand how socio-demographics, urban form (town center proximity-walk accessibility and other locational characteristics), percept...
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#1Louis A. Merlin (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 6
I present a method for calibrating the impedance parameter of a gravity spatial interaction model using only the median travel time as a measure of observed traveler behavior. Complete information about the spatial structure of origins, destinations, and travel times between origins and destinations is also required. Using Monte Carlo simulation techniques on stylized cities, I attempt to recover true (a priori known) impedance values with this method for a range of impedance values for both neg...
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#1Jinping Guan (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
#2Kai Zhang (THU: Tsinghua University)
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In the process of Chinese megacity suburbanization, central-city substandard housing is demolished. The government relocates residents to megacity peripheral relocatees’ areas. So far, few studies have focused on captive transit riders and analyzed the dynamic points of interest (POI) accessibility by public transit compared to the private mode in these areas. To fill this gap, this study conducts a survey in Jinhexincheng, one of these areas in Shanghai, China; analyzes captive-transit riders w...
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#1Keith R. Ihlanfeldt (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 32
There has been considerable interest in the impact that the built environment has on vehicle miles traveled (VMT). While this issue has been extensively researched, due to the heavy reliance on cross-sectional data, there remains uncertainty regarding how effective local land-use planning and regulation might be in reducing VMT. Based on a 13-year panel of Florida counties, models are estimated that relate VMT to new measures of the spatial distribution of alternative land uses within counties a...
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In the context of public transit networks, repeated calculation of accessibility at multiple departure times provides a more robust representation of local accessibility. However, these calculations can require significant amounts of time and/or computing power. One way to reduce these requirements is to calculate accessibility only for a sample of time points over a time window of interest, rather than every one. To date, many accessibility evaluation projects have employed temporal sampling st...
#1Hengyang Zhang (U of T: University of Toronto)
#2Jason Hawkins (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
Last. Khandker Nurul Habib (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 21
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Place or residence (POR) and place of work (POW) are two spatial pivots defining patterns of travel behavior. These choices are considered part of long-term choice influencing short-term daily travel choices. Hence, POR-POW distributions are input into almost all daily travel demand models. However, in many cases, POW-POR is modelled in an ad-hoc way considering the gravity-based or entropy is maximizing aggregate modelling approach. Lack of data on the sequence of choices related to POR and POW...
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#1Lijuan Zheng (RWTH Aachen University)
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Accessibility is a key concept in transport planning. Most studies only focus on specific activity types, but for policy making it is more relevant to aggregate accessibility overall or at least several activity types. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study that combines accessibilities for different activity types. Since access to spatially separated activities is one dimension of quality of life, and activity types are not equally important for quality of life, we propose a m...
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