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Archives of Iranian Medicine
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The TWNK (C10orf2) gene encodes Twinkle, an essential helicase for mtDNA replication. Homozygous mutations in TWNK can lead to mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 7 (MTDPS7) that usually manifests as Infantile onset spinocerebellar ataxia (IOSCA). Here, we report a 15-year-old Iranian boy with three main symptoms; ataxia, sensorineural hearing loss and optic nerves atrophy which were accompanied by other symptoms including flexion contracture, dysarthric speech, nystagmus, dystonia and borderli...
The present study deviates from previous approaches as it focuses on the concept of energy to illuminate cancer-related issues. Energy is a prerequisite for any function; cellular function is no exception, and thus, reduced energy in human cells can impair their performance. This hypothesis provides a novel view of cancer formation. It shows that a normal cell transforms into its cancerous counterpart in response to cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) depletion. Moreover, it presents a new def...
Background: Human albumin is an expensive therapy with inappropriate use in many clinical conditions. Inappropriate use of albumin imposes a substantial economic burden on the healthcare system and society. Drug use evaluation (DUE) is one method of assessing the appropriateness of drug use which has been powered by increasing concern about the cost-effectiveness of drugs. The objective of this study is to systematically review the appropriateness of albumin utilization in Iranian hospitals. Met...
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether there is an association between the platelet mass and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in premature newborns. Methods: Preterm infants (gestational age ≤33 weeks) with hemodynamically significant PDA (group 1, n = 178) and a control group of preterm infants without PDA (group 2, n = 211) were retrospectively evaluated between August 1, 2013 and July 30, 2015 in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Platelet counts and platelet ind...
Background: To measure parameters suggesting right heart failure on computed tomography angiography (CTA) taken in pulmonary embolism (PE) and to evaluate their possible contribution to the diagnosis. To investigate the changes in the parameters of PE cases at the 6th month-1 year and to evaluate the importance of these values in prognosis. PE is a disease which may be difficult to diagnose because of its different symptoms and can be fatal. The evaluation of right heart failure findings with CT...
Background: Ataxia-telangiectasia is a multi-system disorder in which neurologic impairment and immune deficiency are observed. In the present study, patients with ataxia-telangiectasia were followed to provide information regarding clinical and immunological features. Methods: We report a case series of 18 patients diagnosed with ataxia-telangiectasia, who were referred to a tertiary center of clinical immunology from 2008–2018. Clinical presentations, medical records and lab data were observed...
Background: Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumors of the uterus with an unknown etiology, affecting many women of reproductive age. We aimed to evaluate the association between UFs and anthropometric features, subcutaneous and preperitoneal fat thickness and lipid profile. Methods: This is a case-control study conducted on 212 women who were available in the Al-Zahra specialized referral hospital from March 2018 to March 2019. Study variables including weight, height, waist an...
Background: (i) Cluster analysis and partitioning samples based on cardio-cerebrovascular histories and length of stay (LOS); (ii) Determining related demographic and medical factors in individual clusters; and (iii) Comparing clusters based on 12-month health outcomes. Methods: The statistical population of the study included 2,293 stroke patients hospitalized in Imam Reza hospital of Kermanshah city from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016. After a one-year follow-up, the data collection win...
Background: Co-occurring methamphetamine (METH) use during methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is a highly prevalent and progressive problem in Iran. There are no registered pharmacological treatments for treating METH use disorder. The present study investigates the potential efficacy of atomoxetine in the treatment of these patients. Methods: In a double-blind, controlled clinical trial, 86 METH-dependents on MMT randomly received either atomoxetine (40 mg/d) or placebo. We measured the cravin...
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