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#1Robert W. DaviesH-Index: 2
#2Joseph J. BassH-Index: 3
Last. Philip M. JakemanH-Index: 23
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Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whey protein supplementation on myofibrillar protein synthesis (myoPS) and muscle recovery over a 7-d period of intensified resistance training (RT). Methods: In a double-blind randomised parallel group design, 16 resistance-trained men aged 18 to 35 years completed a 7-d RT protocol, consisting of three lower-body RT sessions on non-consecutive days. Participants consumed a controlled diet (146 kJ·kg−1·d−1, 1.7 g·kg−1·d−1 protei...
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#2Lucie ŠedováH-Index: 7
Last. Ondřej ŠedaH-Index: 10
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Early life exposure to certain environmental stimuli is related to the development of alternative phenotypes in mammals. A number of these phenotypes are related to an increased risk of disease later in life, creating a massive healthcare burden. With recent focus on the determination of underlying causes of common metabolic disorders, parental nutrition is of great interest, mainly due to a global shift towards a Western-type diet. Recent studies focusing on the increase of food or macronutrien...
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#2Giulia PestoniH-Index: 3
Last. Sabine RohrmannH-Index: 62
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Unhealthy diets are commonly associated with increased disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) from noncommunicable diseases. The association between DALYs and dietary patterns can be quantified with individual longitudinal data. This assessment, however, is often based on dietary data collected once at cohort entry, therefore reflecting the impact of “old” dietary habits on morbidity and mortality. To overcome this limitation, we tested the association of contemporary diets with DALYs. First, we...
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#1Mitsue NishiyamaH-Index: 5
#2Nobuhiro OhtakeH-Index: 11
Last. Akinobu TaketomiH-Index: 47
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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered a worldwide healthcare problem that mirrors the increased prevalence of obesity. Gut microbiota plays a crucial role in the progression and treatment of NAFLD. Bofutsushosan (BTS), a pharmaceutical-grade Japanese traditional medicine, has long been prescribed in Japan for obesity and obesity-related syndrome. Although BTS has been reported to exert an anti-obesity effect in obese patients as well as various obesity-model animals, its effect...
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#1Jay Jay Thaung ZawH-Index: 1
#2Peter R. C. HoweH-Index: 50
Last. Rachel H.X. WongH-Index: 10
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Deficits in the cerebral microcirculation contribute to age-related cognitive decline. In a pilot study of postmenopausal women, we found that supplementation with a low dose of resveratrol, a phytoestrogen, for 14 weeks improved cerebrovascular and cognitive functions. We have since undertaken a larger, longer term study to confirm these benefits. Postmenopausal women aged 45–85 years (n = 129) were randomized to take placebo or 75 mg trans-resveratrol twice daily for 12 months. Effects on cogn...
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#2Isabel CardosoH-Index: 23
Last. Berit L. HeitmannH-Index: 50
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Background: low vitamin D status in pregnancy can influence the offspring’s lung function and contribute to childhood asthma development. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of neonatal vitamin D status on the development of asthma among children age 3–9 years in a large population sample. Method: in a case-cohort study utilizing a Danish biobank and register data we examined the association between neonatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) concentrations and incidence of ast...
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Keywords: Breastfeeding, alcohol, cigarettes, smoking, drinking, academic achievement, numeracy, literacy
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The present study aimed to examine associations between body image and under-reporting in female Japanese university students enrolled in a nutrition degree program. A total of 100 participants (aged 18–29 years) completed (1) a self-administered questionnaire including the Ben-Tovim Walker Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ), (2) a dietary assessment using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ), (3) a physical activity assessment using Bouchard’s Physical Activity Recor...
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#1Hye Ju HanH-Index: 1
#2Seon Kyeong ParkH-Index: 6
Last. Ho Jin HeoH-Index: 19
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To evaluate possibility as a skin whitening agent of Sorghum bicolor (S. bicolor), its antioxidant activity and anti-melanogenic effect on 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)-induced melanogenesis in B16/F10 melanoma cells were investigated. The result of total phenolic contents (TPC) indicated that 60% ethanol extract of S. bicolor (ESB) has the highest contents than other ethanol extracts. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using the 2,2’-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazolin-6-sulfonic acid) diammo...
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#1Jeong Hwan OhH-Index: 3
#2Taek-Jeong NamH-Index: 20
Last. Youn Hee ChoiH-Index: 9
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Aging-induced cognitive dysfunction can be regulated by probiotics through bidirectional communication with the brain. This study aimed to investigate whether Capsosiphon fulvescens glycoproteins (Cf-hGP) enhanced probiotic-induced improvement of memory in aged rats and the underlying mechanism in the dorsal hippocampus. Cf-hGP were isolated using lectin resin. Cf-hGP (15 mg/kg/day) and/or Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) (109 CFU/rat/day) were orally administered once a day for 4 weeks. C...
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