Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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#1Sara Nutley (UF: University of Florida)
#2Carol A. Mathews (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 44
Last. Catherine W. Striley (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 14
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Abstract Background Disordered eating behaviors are associated with non-medical use of prescription stimulants for weight and appetite-related purposes. Yet, estimates of the prevalence and types of disordered eating associated with non-medical use vary. Additionally, little is known about the association between medical use of prescription stimulants and disordered eating. Method Data were collected from 87,296 college students at 127 institutions that participated in the Healthy Minds Study. W...
Abstract Hazardous drinking is prevalent among college students, yet few seek treatment. Anxiety sensitivity AS is one factor with relevance to drinking. Yet, there are no known estimates of the prevalence of elevated AS among hazardous drinkers. The current study sought to estimate the prevalence of elevated AS among hazardous drinking college students and to examine relations between AS and hazardous drinking. Data from 1257 students Mage = 22.08; 80.4 % female; 76.8 % racial/ethnic minorities...
#1Scott J. MoellerH-Index: 25
#2Prantik KunduH-Index: 19
Last. Rita Z. GoldsteinH-Index: 45
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Abstract Background Multiple psychopathologies feature impaired clinical insight. Emerging evidence suggests that insight problems may similarly characterize addiction, perhaps due to aberrant functioning of self-referential brain circuitry, including the rostral anterior cingulate and ventromedial prefrontal cortices (rACC/vmPFC). We developed a new fMRI task to probe whether rACC/vmPFC abnormalities in cocaine use disorder (CUD) constitute neural correlates of readiness to change, one facet of...
#1Lauren R. Pacek (Duke University)H-Index: 15
#2F. Joseph McClernon (Duke University)H-Index: 35
Abstract Nationally representative data from the years 2006-2015 indicate that the prevalence of perceived great risk of smoking one or more packs of cigarettes per day has declined significantly among the United States general population. These findings have important implications for initiation of cigarette smoking, as well as interest in quitting, quit attempts, and sustained cessation. Findings based on more recent data (i.e., years 2016-2018) show that the prevalence of perceived great risk...
Abstract Background and Purpose Kratom is a coffee-like plant containing compounds that cause opioid and stimulant effects. The most prevalent bioactive alkaloid of kratom is mitragynine (MG). Opioid effects of MG are apparent (e.g. antinociception and nanomolar affinity for μ, κ and δ opioid receptors), but effects encompassing interactions with additional systems, such as adrenergic and dopaminergic, remain undefined. Given that enhanced adrenergic transmission is a mechanism common to most fi...
#1Pontus Strålin (Karolinska University Hospital)
#1ontus Strålin (Karolinska University Hospital)
Last. Jerker Hetta (Karolinska University Hospital)H-Index: 43
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Abstract Background Comorbidity between Substance use disorders (SUD) and psychotic disorders is common but the temporal relation of the first episodes of SUD and psychosis and how it affects the disorders has not been extensively investigated. Methods A nation-wide cohort (n = 2494) with a first hospitalization for psychosis at ages between 16 and 25 was identified. Psychiatric hospitalizations were followed from birth until up to 5 years after the first psychosis hospitalization. Risk factors ...
#1Brian Suffoletto (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 22
#2Amy Zeigler (University of Pittsburgh)
Abstract Background Nonfatal opioid overdose (OD) is an opportunity to identify patients who may benefit from interventions to reduce repeated overdose (rOD). In this study, we sought to determine risk and protective factors associated with rOD. Methods In this retrospective cohort study of 4,155 patients aged 18-64 who presented to one of 16 emergency departments in a single Western Pennsylvania health system between July 2015 and January 2018 for index opioid overdose (iOD) and survived to dis...
#1C. Carbia (UCC: University College Cork)
#2Montserrat Corral (University of Santiago de Compostela)H-Index: 20
Last. Fernando Cadaveira (University of Santiago de Compostela)H-Index: 28
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Abstract Background Heightened emotionality and overrepresentation of memories are typical features of adolescence. Binge drinking (BD) during emerging adulthood has been linked to cognitive difficulties such as deficits in episodic memory. Despite that impairments in emotional functioning have been associated with the development of alcohol use disorders, particularly in females, the emotional sphere has been relatively unexplored in BDs. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the e...
#1Viktor Mravčík (First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 8
#2Blanka Nechanská (First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 2
Last. Svetlana Skurtveit (University of Oslo)H-Index: 29
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Abstract Background Maternal substance use can pose a risk to the fetal health. We studied the background characteristics of women with substance use disorders (SUDs) and selected neonatal outcomes in their children. Material and methods A database-linkage study was performed. The sample consisted of pregnant women with a SUD during pregnancy (ICD-10 diagnosis F10-F19 except F17, n = 1710), women not diagnosed with a SUD (n = 1,511,310) in Czechia in 2000-2014, and their children. The monitored ...
#1R. Ross MacLean (Yale University)H-Index: 10
#2Mehmet Sofuoglu (Yale University)H-Index: 38
Last. Andrew J. Waters (USU: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences)H-Index: 33
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Abstract Introduction Although cigarettes and alcohol are frequently used together, few studies have evaluated evidence of attentional bias to both smoking and alcohol cues. Attentional bias (AB) is defined as preferential attention to drug-specific cues and is most often studied in a laboratory with one cue type. AB may be an important mechanism associated with cigarette and alcohol co-use. In this study, we evaluated AB to both smoking and alcohol cues in daily life using ambulatory assessment...
Top fields of study
Substance abuse