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Abstract We use a qualitative, longitudinal study of 25 individuals with mental illness in the UK to better understand the relationships among mental health, power/lessness and im/mobility. Framed by the rise of the new mobilities paradigm and more specifically Cresswell's (2010) politics of mobility, we find that the extent to which the respective mobilities were expressions of internal free will or were undertaken as a result of external compulsion is a key demarcator of mental health. A key c...
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Abstract Rationale. The association between racial discrimination and adverse health outcomes has been documented across an increasing body of evidence in recent years, although a close examination of longitudinal studies has not yet taken place. This review applied a life course lens in examining the evidence for a longitudinal association between racial discrimination exposure during childhood and adolescence, and later mental and physical health outcomes. Method. Medline, PsycINFO, Global Hea...
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#1Gerry VeenstraH-Index: 25
#2Adam Vanzella‐Yang (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 1
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Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate whether the association between family income and adult self-rated health in Canada is causal in nature. The data came from the 2012, 2014 and 2016 waves of the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults linked to current and historical family income data from the Canada Revenue Agency. We used fixed effects models to describe associations between changes in self-rated health between 2012, 2014 and 2016 and changes in equivalized family...
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Abstract Despite the vast literature on the economic gradient of obesity, no study investigates the independent predictive roles of absolute and relative standards of living using a large nationally representative adult sample. This gap limits our ability to discern ‘material’ and ‘psychosocial’ pathways to obesity as well as our understanding of the role played by economic inequality in the growing obesity epidemic. Using a large and nationally representative Mexican dataset, we find that absol...
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#1MershonCarol (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 13
Abstract Under what conditions do local political elites in new democracies promote citizen health? To address the question, this paper advances hypotheses grounded in prominent political science debates and assesses them against comprehensive, granular data from the most recent South African national census. The evidence rejects the hypotheses that relatively great partisan competition and relatively great popular participation boost local population health. The evidence provides conditional su...
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#1Stephen Birch (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 47
#2Jon Gibson (University of Manchester)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Health workforce planning is traditionally based on demographically-driven ‘silo-based’ models in which future requirements for particular health professions are determined by applying estimates of the future population to the existing population-based level of workforce supply. Estimates of future workforce requirements are focused on, and constrained by population size and requirements increase monotonically. Key failures of existing models include (1) lack of integration between plan...
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#1Alexandra H. Vinson (UM: University of Michigan)
#2Kelly Underman (Drexel University)
Abstract The ongoing social transformation of the American healthcare system brings both structural and interpersonal changes to the delivery of healthcare. Some of these changes have been motivated by patients, who increasingly desire emotionally warm interactions with physicians. This is a departure from the detached concern that characterized physician-patient interactions in the mid-twentieth century. Concurrently, medical training continually adapts to trends in medical practice so that fut...
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#1Ziggi Ivan Santini (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 7
#2Paul E. Jose (Victoria University of Wellington)H-Index: 28
Last. Vibeke Koushede (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 9
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Abstract Introduction Previous studies have shown that formal social participation may reduce the risk of developing chronic conditions. Yet, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we assessed the potential mediating roles of quality of life and depressive symptoms using longitudinal data. Method We analyzed nationally representative data from three consecutive waves (2011, 2013, 2015) of the SHARE survey, including 28,982 adults from 12 European countries aged 50 years an...
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#1Arindam Nandi (Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy)H-Index: 9
#2Santosh Kumar (College of Business Administration)H-Index: 15
Last. Ramanan Laxminarayan (Princeton University)H-Index: 48
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Abstract Routine childhood vaccines are among the most cost-effective life-saving interventions. In addition, vaccines have been linked with reduced stunting and improved health and other outcomes in later life. However, evidence on such long-term benefits remain inadequate. In this study, we examined the associations between the initiation and implementation of the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) in India and schooling attainment among adults. We obtained district-level data on the rollo...
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#1Björn Högberg (Umeå University)H-Index: 1
#2Mattias Strandh (Karlstad University)H-Index: 14
Last. Curt Hagquist (Karlstad University)H-Index: 24
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Abstract Increasing levels of psychosomatic symptoms, and other mental health problems, among adolescents, and especially among girls, have been reported across various countries. The “educational stressors hypothesis” states that this trend can be explained by an increasing amount of stressors in the school environment. This study tests this hypothesis, using repeated cross-sectional data, between the years 1993–2017, from the Health Behaviours of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. Regression ...
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